"Understand the economic impact of disasters and the need for investment in resilience. Identify and develop financial mechanisms that can support resilience activities."
The city of Cairns, Australia has an annual operating budget to cover its Disaster Management Unit, Coordination Centre, volunteer emergency services and community awareness programs. Its annual capital budget has, in recent years, covered allocations for building construction, emergency response vehicles and equipment, new risk assessment software, upgrading flood warning network and drainage and flood mitigation investments—a clear demonstration of the city’s commitment to disaster risk reduction. This is complemented by investment and partnerships at national level, for instance, through a review of building codes following Cyclone Yasi in 2011, which also involved built environment professionals, private sector and academic institutions. Read more about their work at: http://tinyurl.com/7qm2vgg
Since 2001, cities in the Philippines are required to allocate 5% of their local government budget to a calamity relief fund (CRF). Under the Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010, they can spend 70% of this allocation for preparedness and procurement of relief /rescue equipment and stockpiles.
Sri Lanka’s Disaster Management Ministry announced in 2011 an allocation of Rs. 8 billion for a program to control floods in the capital, Colombo, while launching a secure town planning programme to minimise disasters as part of the Resilient Cities Campaign. The money will be used to clear canals, reconstruct the drainage system and for other measures to prevent floods in Colombo. Under the ‘secure towns’ programme, 15 towns have been selected as disaster-free cities.
Provincial governors in two of China’s disaster-prone provinces committed additional resources to disaster reduction. Wei Hong, Executive Deputy Governor of Sichuan province, said that 2 billion Yuan will be invested to improve the local geological disaster prevention system. Gu Chaoxi, Deputy Governor of Yunnan province, which is highly at risk for geological disasters, vowed to invest at least 10 billion yuan over10 years in the local disaster prevention and assessment system. The report on Sri Lanka available at: http://tinyurl.com/7t23osr; the report on China: http://tinyurl.com/858rfyo.