Public forum
Workshops - Exhibitions boths - ECHO good practices - Poster session - Reporting statements - Statistics
Poster session floor plan
Reg. No. PS001
Poster No. A19-101
Name of Organization Kyoto University Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies
Title Social Capital, Climate Change and Disaster Management
Rajib Shaw and Yuko Nakagawa
Abstract Rapid industrialization and urbanization, and changing lifestyle and consumption patterns of people have had a serious impact on climate - both directly and indirectly.� These impacts can be seen not only in the cities, but also in rural areas. This is particularly true at the community level, where economic demands of jobs and higher incomes (and reduction of poverty) are difficult to balance with those of environmental protection.� Social Capital, which is defined as a function of trust, social norms, participation and network in the community, can play a vital role in this aspect.

As a consequence of climate change, we are now witnessing a change in the characteristics of natural disasters. To mitigate such disasters, efforts have been made at both government and academic institutions. However, in many programmes and researches, focuses tend to be given on technology and engineering issues, or government policies. If recommendations made are without looking into local socio-economic conditions, they will not have the necessary local impacts which lead to sustainability.

To understand the social capital as the possible missing link of successful rehabilitation after massive disasters such as earthquake, comparative study was conducted in Kobe, Japan (1995) and Gujarat, India (2001).� The study tried to account the difference in rehabilitation performance among communities which were in relatively similar conditions in terms of both physical damages and external supports and found that community's bonding and bridging social capital as well as existence of leadership inside community can be essential factor of successful rehabilitation.

The role of social capital is continuously being studied to account community's resilience to pre-disaster mitigation of other natural disasters. And a case study on flood risk mitigation in Central Vietnam is currently conducted.
Tel 81-75-753-5708
Fax 81-75-753-5708
Reg. No. PS002
Poster No. A19-102
Name of Organization Kyoto University Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies
Title Community-level Climate Change Adaptation and Policy Issues 
Ayako Fujieda and Rajib shaw
Abstract Rapid industrialization, urbanization, and population growth in the twentieth century have greatly affected the natural environment, the effect of which is seen as climate change regionally and globally.� Available observational evidence indicates that regional changes in climate, have already affected a diverse set of physical and biological systems in many parts of the worlds.

Therefore, it is important to acquire and to enhance rural communities' adaptive capabilities toward climate change for their life-security and development.� Although the initiatives taken by community are essential, focusing on the community itself is not enough.� The community initiatives become more sustainable when government incorporates it into its policies.� The design and implementation of appropriate policies by the government will promote development what is more sustainable and that reduces vulnerability to climate change.���

The research is undertaken in Gujarat state, located in the western part of India, which is prone to drought. The drought, which is the result of a combination of natural factors and man-made factors, is reoccurrence event in this area, but the number has been increased in the last half decades.� Since most people in the rural area of Gujarat have agriculture-based life, they have been greatly affected by recent high frequency of occurrence of drought.�

By identifying the current condition of drought including the pattern, the scale, and the impacts and issues, studying current community initiatives and governmental policies at different level, the interrelationship of environmental impact, the policy and the community level climate change adaptation model are studied.��
Tel 81-75-753-5708
Fax 81-75-753-5708
Reg. No. PS004
Poster No. A19-103
Name of Organization UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Title GLIDE: a global identifier for disaster date sharing
Abstract Accessing disaster information can be a time consuming and laborious task. Not only is data scattered but frequently identification of the disaster can be confusing in countries with many disaster events. In order to address this problem, a globally common, unique identification scheme for disasters has been proposed. The initiative was named "GLIDE" for Global IDEntifier.�� The components of a GLIDE number consist of two letters to identify the disaster type (e.g. EQ - earthquake); the year of the disaster; a six-digit, sequential disaster number; and the three-letter ISO code for country of occurrence. So, for example, the GLIDE number for West-India Earthquake in India is: EQ-2001-000033-IND. GLIDE is extensible to support sub-national codes to enable recording at provincial and municipal levels. The GLIDE website, <> has been established as a central repository of GLIDE numbers as well as a reference point for the initiative.�� This session aims to promote the use of GLIDE as a tool for better disaster data accumulation and analysis. As information suppliers join in this initiative, documents and data pertaining to specific events may be easily retrieved from various sources, or linked together using the unique GLIDE numbers.� The GLIDE concept has been discussed under the guidance of ISDR WG3 but the success of GLIDE depends on its widespread use and its
level of utility for practitioners.
Tel 81-78-262-5556
Fax 81-78-262-5558
Reg. No. 30008
Poster No. A19-104
Name of Organization Ministry of Education,Culture,Sports,Science and Technology
Title Activity of the Headquarters for Earthquake Reserch Promotion
Abstract The outcome of the analysis and evaluation regarding earthquakes, which was released by the Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion of Japanese government, is to be exhibited for the public.
Tel 81-3-6734-4138
Fax +81-3-6734-4139
Reg. No. PS005
Poster No. A19-105
Name of Organization Centro de Estudios y Prevencion de Desastres
Title Capacity building to prevent disasters: experiencies of NGO in Peru
Abstract New actors working in prevention and emergencies:

Presence of new international agencies, from 1996 to the date.
Commitment and capacity to concert

New dialogue space in construction:

Experience of coordination with government.
Introduction of Sphere Project develops identity and commits with humanitarian principles.

New focus:

Prevention is responsibility of development agents: government, private companies,� civil organizations, wich must assume analysis of risk and prevention into politicies, plans and investment projects.

Develompmente planning is key to get reasonability at chaotic and quick processes of demographic, urban and economic growth.

In Peru interesting processes have begun with new actors participating in disaster prevention.

a. Educative experiences to incorporate prevention.
b. Experience and participation of children and young in educational processes with prevention focus.
c. Formation of volunteers' brigades for service to community, for watch risks in order to prevent or mitigate.
d. Educative experiencies with vulnerable communties.
e. Systematizing of tradicional practices to prevent and to face disasters in rural andean comnunities.
f. Concertation and coordination process with NGO humanitarian agencies

Gilberto Romero
Tel 511-2210251
Fax 511- 2220762
Reg. No. PS006
Poster No. A19-106
Name of Organization Centro de Estudios y Prevencion de Desastres
Title Development and disaster prevention in Peru
Development is a continuous process in which all peoples are involved, looking for to get the material and spiritual conditions that make possible its subsistence.

For that reason the a portion of humanity is in permanent competition to obtain earnings and this way to assure the validity of the companies, and consequently for workers that work in them.

Other portion of world population, the poorest in the developing countries, is in another logic: to compete among them to get food every day, that allows them to survive more one day.

Permanent competition without limits among companies and among people, to survive and to be effective, is causing irreversible damages to means of subsistence of the future, for mistaken management of resources (natural, economic, materials, etc.). Evident consequences plows: global change climatic, new illnesses, new technological hazards, acceleration and bigger magnitude of natural hazards already existent, enormous sanitation problems, increment of poverty, etc.

Development pattern that has been imposed in the world, is riskous.

Planning, concertation, agreements among countries and among development agents in each country, to enlarge population's participation in decisions that affect their lives, are instruments that should be used in order to get sustainable development.

Development planning is key to get reasonability at chaotic and quick processes of demographic, urban and economic growth.

Exhibition topics:

a. Experiences on advances in incorporation of analysis of risk in public investment projects in Peru.
b. Experiences on advances in incorporation of prevention focus in strategic development plans in national, regional and local levels.
c. Experiences on advances in use of risk analysis in urban plans and in small cities of rural areas.
Tel 511-2210251
Fax 511- 2220762
Reg. No. PS007
Poster No. A19-107
Name of Organization Kyoto University Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies
Title Integrate Catastrophic Flood Mitigation Methods into Process of Urban Planning of Hanoi
Hoang Vinh Hung, Rajib Shaw and Masami Kobayashi
Abstract Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam is located in the Red River Delta, and is highly vulnerable to flooding.� The thousand year's history of Hanoi has envisaged building dike system along its rivers, especially Red River, to protect the city from annual flooding.� This dyke system together with many irrigation works for flood prevention has been protecting this city, preventing the occurrence of floods as they have occurred in previous years.� However the actual measures and works are not capable enough to basically eliminate the danger of flood.
Although the probability of occurrence of catastrophic food in Hanoi is low, a number of such events take place every year in different parts of the world cause the very high human and economic losses highlight preparedness to cope with it.� The change of rainfall patterns and drainage system in the city, are among other factors contributing to the possibility of a catastrophic flood in Hanoi.� According to the Hanoi master plan to the year 2020, the city will develop two more new areas near by its riversides.� This means flood vulnerability will increase with the development of Hanoi.� In addition, due to the rare frequency of catastrophic flood, people (even planners) tend to lack of awareness.� Urban planning process was done with little attention to the national strategy of disaster mitigation, especially those are considered rarely occur.

In order to reduce flood vulnerability and toward a sustainable urbanization of Hanoi, it needs to integrate catastrophic flood risk and mitigation methods into urban planning process.� A prior risk assessment and a basic framework for response to mitigate losses will be crucial information to plan the future development of the city.
Tel 075-753-4806
Fax 075-753-4806
Reg. No. PS013
Poster No. A19-108
Name of Organization Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF
Title Disaster Database Evaluation and Risk Index Development for Latin America and the Caribbean
Abstract As part of the present study, figures on natural disasters from three different sources were compiled: EM-DAT (worldwide), La Red (18 LAC countries), and CEPREDENAC (Central America). EM-DAT is the only available database covering all countries in LAC.� These sources were compared to each other. Generally, information on a given disaster coincided across the different databases, particularly for events after 1990. However, there is a clear tendency toward underreporting of small- to medium-scale events in individual countries. The presence of underreporting in a number of cases is confirmed by a comparative analysis of disaster losses based on the EM-DAT database and a merged EM-DAT, La Red, and CEPREDENAC database. The different databases show some major divergence in terms of total disaster losses recorded. In the case of Jamaica, e.g. the merged database states a total loss of US$ 11.55 billion while the figures stated in EM-DAT only attribute US$ 3.04 billion. The skewness factor has been determined for all databases. The merging of La Red, CEPREDENAC, and EM-DAT leads to a distortion of the normal distribution for some countries (Peru, Chile, Argentina, Guatemala, and Panama).�� Disaster and risk research to date has often focused on a single characteristic of risk or hazard exposure while largely ignoring the context within which catastrophes could occur. A risk index has been developed in order to evaluate the impact of a natural disaster in a single country. This risk index is defined by the evaluation of the disaster, economic, human development and poverty impact in each country.
Tel +41 - 81 - 417 0201
Fax +41 - 81 - 417 0823
Reg. No. PS014
Poster No. A19-109
Name of Organization Focus Humanitarian Assistance USA
Title Towards Disaster Resilient Community in Mountainous Environments: Concepts, Approach and Practices
Abstract Most communities in mountainous environments, e.g. those in GBAO, Tajikistan, are especially vulnerable to natural hazards due to their poverty and lack of information on disaster risk. Our multi-year practices in GBAO, Tajikistan, have shown that reliable and accurate risk information may play a very important role in reducing loss and damage, after of all, loss of lives, to a great degree because early warning to the communities threatened by disastrous hazards can be released timely. This paper intends to develop the criteria of disaster resilient community in mountainous environments in terms of the concepts of disaster-resilient community recommended by ISDR and our multi-year practices in GBAO, Tajikistan. On this basis, we further discuss the corresponding framework and approaches to fostering disaster resilient community in mountainous environments. In addition, this paper also examines a generalized approach for assessing the vulnerability and capacity of communities in mountainous environments by redefining their indicators and the associated scoring and weighting system, and the importance of disaster risk management GIS to disaster risk reduction.
Tel 1-7+81-3-4423212
Reg. No. PS015
Poster No. A19-110
Name of Organization Focus Humanitarian Assistance USA
Title Natural Hazard, Vulnerablitity and Risk Assessment Toolkit
Abstract Designed based on the concepts and assessment processes recommended by ISDR and best practices of risk assessment in developed countries, this compact HVRA toolkit aims to serve as a decision-support tool for NGOs who work on disaster risk management and communities in mountainous environments. However, it can readily be adapted to other environments such as coastal plains by reclassifying risk factors, i.e. severity and probability, and redefining vulnerability indicators. This poster presentation will mainly focus on the following components of the HVRA toolkit:
-� A newly-designed risk model, in which� time scale is also considered as a major dimension (time bomb) in addition to severity and probability;
- Classification of risk factors such as hazard intensity, frequency, severity, and probability, which is one of the important foundations of HVRA;
- Stepwise HVRA working procedure;
- A compact collection of HVRA worksheets including project planning, field data collection and in-house data analysis;
- Overall design of Disaster Risk Management GIS (DRM GIS), which shows how the HVRA tool is integrated with GIS and decision-making on disaster risk management ;
- GIS data models for disaster risk management, showing how the data collected during HVRA activities are organized and stored in GIS database;
- Specific and total risk mapping.

Currently, this toolkit is being applied to conduct risk assessment for communities in GBAO, Tajikistan.
Tel 1-7+81-3-4423212
Reg. No. 30005
Poster No. A19-111
Name of Organization Tokyo Fire Department
Title Researches on Earthquake Preparedness
Abstract In order to prevent the spread of earthquake conflagrations, it is necessary to take the most appropriate measures for each district.� Therefore, we periodically update information on fire outbreak/spread possibilities in each region or district.
Tel �+81-3-3212-2111
Fax �+81-3-3213-1478
Reg. No. PS019
Poster No. A19-112
Name of Organization CARE Bangladesh
Title Reducing Vulnerability of Poor Households to Climate Change Induced Water-related Disasters in Southwestern Bangladesh
Abstract In Bangladesh, water resources play a vital role in shaping the country’s culture and economy, as well as the livelihoods of its inhabitants. Since time immemorial, water-related extreme events have frequently visited the land, primarily as a result of climate variability. These events have devastated the landscape, destroyed physical infrastructure and assets, and affected the livelihoods and food security of the people. Unfortunately, due to climate change, both intensity and frequency of water-related disastrous events such as floods, cyclonic storm surges, intrusion of salinity, and agricultural drought are most likely to be exacerbated. Impoverished households are the most vulnerable to these events due to their poor ability to cope.�� In order to reduce vulnerability of poor households to climate change induced water-related disasters, a project has been launched in southwestern Bangladesh with a mission to enhance coping ability of rural communities. A number of adaptation approaches have been tested, including
(a) increasing food availability and income;
(b) increasing access to safe water;��
(c) enhancing capacity of communities to reduce risks;
(d) ensuring safe housing;
(e) advocating for modification of threats; and
(f) increasing food security.

Over 4000 households have received hands-on training on various adaptation techniques. Communities have formed advocacy groups to engage in local-level governance and awareness on climate-related risks has been raised through folk communication methods. It is understood that an appropriate combination of household- and community-level preparedness and coping strategies with regional- and central-level actions to reduce threats will greatly reduce peoples’ vulnerability to water-related disasters.�� The Poster Session will be jointly conducted by:��Jainal Abedin1 and Ahsan Uddin Ahmed2 1Technical Coordinator, Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change (RVCC) Project, CARE Bangladesh, Khulna, Bangladesh, <>; 2 Director, BUP Centre for Water and Environment and Technical Advisor to the RVCC Project, Dhaka, Bangladesh <>
Tel (880-41) 761 250 Extn: 101
Fax (880-2) 811 4183
Reg. No. 30011
Poster No. A19-113
Name of Organization Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute
Title Triggering landslide-debris flow mobilization by artificial rainfall in a natural slope

A series of landslide experiments was conducted on a natural slope of Mt. Kaba-san in Yamato village, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. The experimental portion of the hillslope was 30 meters long with an average gradient of 33o (maximum 35o); soil was 1 to 3 meters deep. The slope was partioned into a 5 m wide segment by driving thin steel plates about 1 m deep into the soil. Surface material on the slope consists of fine weathered granite sand. Loamy soil blanketed the upper portion of the regolith to a depth of about 1 m. Artficial rainfall at the rate of 78 mm/h was applied to the slope segment during experiments via a rainfall simulator. The experiment started from 1200 on November 12, 2003. After the 4 hours and 30 minutes of artificial rainfall, a saturated zone was observed in the middle and lower parts of the slope, but no movement occurred in the soil layer. The second experiment began at 0912 on November 14, 2003. A fluidized landslide occurred 7 h after sprinkling began. About 40 m3 of debris flowed onto the opposite bank and made a right-angle turn. The debris traveled about 30 m down the creek and stopped 17 s after failure. Extensometers recorded an accelerated displacement prior to and during failure. During the period of rapid acceleration, pore pressure at the 0.5 m depth initially declined, apparently as the result of soil dilation in the shear zone. Afterwards, pore water pressure rose sharply and began to

Tel �+81-29-873-3211
Fax �+81-29-874-3720
Reg. No. 30012
Poster No. A19-114
Name of Organization Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute
Title Development of integrated control method of landslide using information technology
Abstract The Yui landslide-threatened area in Shizuoka Prefecture has some important infrastructure such as an expressway and a railway line.� Therefore, long-term maintenance and control of the landslide area are required after the construction of landslide countermeasures has been finished.� We therefore developed an integrated control method for landslides which utilizes network technology and the Geographical Information System (GIS) which have made rapid progress in recent years. A central part of this method is an automated observation system which monitors movement of the landslide.� The various equipment of this system is installed in the landslide area and mutually connected by a network.� Therefore, the authorities can grasp the latest landslide movement at any time.� We introduced the Geographical Information System (GIS) into the automated observation system in order to centralize the enormous amount of data collected by field and construction work for the landslide.� The GIS also provides past information and enables the most suitable route for evacuation to be identified using an extraction and superposition function.� This automated observation system started full-fledged operation in the Yui landslide-threatened area.��
Tel �+81-29-873-3211
Fax �+81-29-874-3720
Reg. No. 30013
Poster No. A19-115
Name of Organization Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute
Title Corroborative study on the condition of soil erosion in the volcanic ash deposited area, Miyake Island
Abstract A great amount of volcanic-ach erupted from Miyake Island in 2000 destroyed vegetation on hill-slope, and mud-flows occurred in almost all torrents. A purpose of this study is to make soil erosion conditions of the deposited ash layer just after the eruption clear, empirically. A map of forest damage classes in 14.5 km2 study area were drawn by an interpretation of aero photography. In each forest damage class, features with respect to sheet erosion were studied by a channel erosion experiment. As the experiments result for the most seriously damaged area in which only ash was deposited, 20 to 30 cm/sec of the surface flow, lower infiltration rate, and less eroded sediment than secondary damaged forest area in which ash containing with leaves and twigs was deposited were shown. A hazard area of the sheet erosion was simulated and mapped by the experiment data and Universal soil loss equation. 
Tel �+81-29-873-3211
Fax �+81-29-874-3720
Reg. No. PS027
Poster No. A19-116
Name of Organization Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR)
Title Remote-sensing-based mapping of geo-hazards in Thailand
Abstract The Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) of Thailand and the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) have been cooperating in the field of geological mapping since the mid seventies. Latest project activities focus at environmental problems and geo-hazards. The current Thai-German technical cooperation project "Environmental Geology for Regional Planning" covers various geological issues such as severe environmental problems caused by progressing soil salinity in northern Thailand, hazards caused by flooding, and hazards due land subsidence in the greater Bangkok area.� Beside mapping and monitoring, major tasks of the projects are setting-up of state-of-art facilities for handling and processing of remote sensing data, and the training of staff of the counterpart organization.

The poster will refer to the BGR's technical cooperation with Thailand, and demonstrate few selected results of our work on
- Detecting of land subsidence in the metropolitan area of Bangkok by Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (D-InSAR) based on ERS-1/2 satellite data,
- Mapping flood-prone areas in the Greater Nahkon Ratchasima city area using Landsat 7 satellite imagery and elevation data provided by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM),
- Mapping areas in NE-Thailand where progressing salinization severely threatens soil and ground water using Landsat and ASTER satellite data.

Maps and output data are handed over to experts in order to improve the management of the hazards, to support land planning in hazardous areas, and to contribute to mitigating environmental and economical consequences of the hazards.�
Tel 49-511-643-3007
Fax 49-511-643-2403
Reg. No. PS028
Poster No. A19-117
Name of Organization Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR)
Title Investigating the physics of debris flows
Abstract The physics of debris flows is incompletely understood. The mixture of rocks, mud and water exhibits gliding properties, which result in debris transport over very long distances and in erosional uptake of additional material along the way.�

Debris flows - wherever they occur- are a major potential threat for the population and infrastructure. One feasible way for protection is to keep endangered areas free of buildings and infrastructure construction. A second approach includes the construction of barriers to stop or deflect debris flows. The knowledge of the forces and properties involved in debris flows is a prerequisite to properly construct such barriers.�
The "Emergency Agency" of the Republic of Kazakhstan has reopened in 2003 a test field in mountainous terrain near Almaty for the artificial initiation of debris flows with a volume of about 100 m3 per second. This unique field allows scientists to devise special tests to study the physics of debris flows.

BGR participates in these tests and develops especially designed instruments. An artificial boulder, filled with special sensors, is under development and will be incorporated into these debris flows to measure the forces involved.

The poster refers to the framework of BGR's technical cooperation with Kazakhstan and outlines its technical approach to investigate the physics of debris flows.
Tel 49-511-643-2691
Fax 49-511-643-2403
Reg. No. PS029
Poster No. A19-118
Name of Organization Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR)
Title Hazard potential of the active Gunung Iya volcano/Indonesia�
Abstract The Directorate General of Geology and Mineral Resources/Indonesia and the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) jointly investigate the active Gunung Iya volcano (A-type) on a peninsula of Flores Island, NTT, located only a few kilometers south of the city of Ende. Although the 50,000 inhabitants of Ende are well protected from pyroclastic flows by natural barriers, ejectives and heavy ash fall might still endanger large parts of the city as happened during the last major eruption in 1969. Investigations show that a well developed crack runs all around the active crater, which indicates the unstable portions of the volcano. Volcano experts consider a giant landslide following an eruption as a very likely scenario. A computer simulation suggests as well that in case of an eruption, this part of the mountain might slide into the sea, causing a giant Tsunami endangering the low lying parts of the Flores south coast as well as nearby Pulau Ende.

The poster will discuss the probability for an eruption on the basis of the frequencies of past eruptions and the geo-risk situation for the local population.

With this hazard potential at hand it is vital to think about risk reduction. Steps have been taken to inform local decision makers and the population about the situation they are living in. Also a clear strategy for the case of emergency is under development. Many examples from all over the world show that only this proactive disaster management together with a well organized early warning system can lead to a successful reduction of the vulnerability of communities.
Tel 49-511-643-2371
Fax 49-511-643-2403
Reg. No. PS030
Poster No. A19-119
Name of Organization Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM)
Title CEDIM: A Transdisciplinary Approach to Strengthening Prevention in Disaster Management
Abstract CEDIM is the "Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology" founded by the Universitat Karlsruhe (TH) and the GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam (Germany) in December 2002. It is a contribution to bridging the gap between science and application in disaster management and brings into focus user oriented and scientifically founded strategies for strengthening disaster prevention. The scientific disciplines involved range from meteorology, water management, civil engineering and geophysics to economics, insurance and risk management as well as social sciences and geoinformatics. The user orientation is supported by an external advisory board with representatives from disaster management, politics and industry.

CEDIM has started with developing the methodology for quantitative risk assessments which take into account natural and man-made hazards as well as the vulnerabilities of infrastructure, economy and society in general. In a first step, this is applied to Germany on community base considering flood-, earthquake-, storm, space weather- and man-made risks. In a second step the quantitative risk assessment methodology is further developed for application to fast growing urban areas and mega-cities. Quantitative risk assessment and -monitoring is considered to be the necessary precondition for any economically justifiable measure of protection.
Tel ++49-(0)331-288-1200
Fax ++49-(0)331-288-1204
Reg. No. PS040
Poster No. A19-120
Title WMO Activities on Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Disasters related to Weather, Climate and Water
Abstract Statistics show that more than 65 per cent of the economic losses due to natural disasters and nearly 90 per cent of people killed were due to disasters related to weather, climate and water. Recent scientific studies also indicate that the number of extreme events and their intensity might also increase due to global climate change.

WMO through its major programmes and the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) put specific emphasis on natural disaster prevention and mitigation. A new major WMO cross-cutting programme on Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation has recently been established to respond more effectively to the natural disaster reduction challenge and ensure further integration and synergetic approach across programmes and interested organizations.

Reliable information on weather and climate allows for improved decision-making, which has the potential to mitigate the impacts of disasters. Early warning protects life and property, provided that it can reach the target communities in timely and suitable manner, combined with awareness programmes and risk evaluation, disaster prevention and other preparedness measures.
Tel 022-7308958
Fax 022-7308023
Reg. No. 30026
Poster No. A19-121
Name of Organization Kwansei Gakuin University
Title Institute for Research on Disaster Reconstruction System
Tel �+81-798-54-6104
Fax �+81-798-54-6905
Reg. No. PS042
Poster No. A19-122
Name of Organization National Institute of Civil Defence - INDECI
Title DISASTER REDUCTION. Living in Harmony with Nature
Abstract In 1995 two priority problems needing immediate attention in the second half of IDNDR 1990-99 were identified: -No adequate literature was available for the effective systematic dissemination of knowledge on disaster reduction, except for certain specialities of engineering and architecture. -Large and medium cities were expanding to very-high and high hazard sectors, with increasing risk for their residents.�� Using local and international resources these problems were tackled. The results are:� -A 520-page book, a comprehensive presentation on disaster reduction in a single volume.� -Design and implementation of the Sustainable City (SC) Program. A SC is defined as: safe, orderly, healthy, culturally and physically attractive, efficient in its functioning and development, with no negative impact on the environment or on its cultural/historic heritage, and as a result governable and competitive.�� The book and the SCP are products of international cooperation, mainly UN agencies. The book’s contents were developed by an international panel. These distinguished professors, mostly from the USA and Japan, contributed their comments and reviews.� From 1999 to November 2004, SCP first stage, focusing on safety, was implemented for 41 cities and towns, benefiting 3,6 million people. The municipal ordinances stipulating that cities should densify and expand in sectors qualified by earth sciences as low and medium hazard areas were unanimously approved by whole communities and council members.�� 2WCDR is an excellent opportunity to present these two accomplishments, products of international cooperation.
Tel 511 476-4834
Fax 511 440-7197
Reg. No. PS043
Poster No. A19-123
Name of Organization African Youth Movement (AYM)
Abstract Recent studies conducted in Ebo have generated a lot of interest on the fast degrading nature of the environment. Discussions on floods, Soil and Gully Erosion, Environmental education and awareness, Deforestation, Oil and Industrial pollution, Acid rain and Fossil water contamination from petroleum sources, Women and Youth participation in environmental monitoring and disaster prevention, environmental laws, rules and regulations, bureaucratic bottlenecks, waste disposal and management, road constructions and gully erosion, roles of NGOs, and funding agencies, sustainable development, public health, poverty alleviation remain vital aspects to consider. The approach involves: the participation of all stakeholders in project planning, execution and monitoring especially at the grassroots level; the integration of environmental considerations and practices into all facets of poverty alleviation, skills acquisition and development programmes;the polluter pay principle, user charges and environmental stress fees imposed on violators of any components of the ecosystem; the recycling and reuse of domestic and industrial wastes within the context of waste to wealth principle ; the proper documentation of all oil spills episodes wherever they occur, immediate cleanup operations, payments of adequate compensations, and eventual post impact assessments and monitoring for a period of not less than ten years; adequate institutional framework and human capacity building presently lacking at various levels of governments, particularly at the local governments should be put in place, in order to positively change the negative attitude of Nigerians towards the environment and litigations on environmental matters should commence at the local courts to ensure justice and fairness to the right parties.
Tel 234-8023292432
Fax 234-85-203840
Reg. No. 30031
Poster No. A19-124
Name of Organization Tottori Prefecture
Title Tottori Prefecture's Activity Record of the Western Tottori Earthquake
Tel �+81-857-26-7873
Fax �+81-857-26-8137
Reg. No. PS046
Poster No. A19-125
Name of Organization United Nations University
Title Modeling tools for flood risk assessment
Abstract 'The posters would demonstrate the simulation models for risk assesment and risk reduction. The tools address water related hazards, notably urban flood risks. They utilize distributed physical information compiled and analyzed within Geographical Information Systems and utilized in the mathematical models simulating the hydro-meteorological events. The poster session would demonstrate the application of distributed hydrological models used in predicting the inundation areas and the use of these scenarios in the assessment of economic losses. The methodology allows for pre-event estimation of losses and selection of appropriate mitigation measures considering optimal investments options.�����������

The poster session will also include a computer demonstration of the technologies applied to urban flood mitigation scenarios. These flood scenarios include the modeling of floods in Tokyo, Japan and Thailand. These two applications demonstrate urban flooding due to embankment overtopping when the flood volume exceeds the design standards. Another demonstration would be on the underground space flooding due to extreme floods.������

Own computer will be brought for demonstration. A desk to set up the demonstrations is requested.
Tel 81-3-3499-2811
Fax 81-3-34+81-6-7347
Reg. No. PS047
Poster No. A19-126
Name of Organization United Nations University
Title Demonstration of on-line disaster atlas
Abstract Disaster risk vary spatially depending on the heterogeneous impacts of hazard as well as the non-uniform distribution of vulnerabilities. Spatial impacts of hazards can be estimated if the underlying physical characteristics are known. Geophysical characteristics such as elevation, landuse, soil properties determines the magnitude of a hazard either due to hydro-meteorological origin or by seismic activity. Similarly the infrastructure characteristics determines the physical vulnerability which can be further exacerbated by the socio economic conditions. All these characteristics can be represented well in Geographic Information Systems and analyzed to produce risk and vulnerability maps.�� This demonstration will show case a internet based disaster atlas produced for Africa. Own computer will be brought for demonstration.�� A desk to set up the demonstrations is requested.
Tel 81-3-3499-2811
Fax 81-3-34+81-6-7347
Reg. No. PS048
Poster No. A19-127
Name of Organization Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM of Russia)
Title System of monitoring and forecasting of emergencies in Russia - a real instrument to predict natural and technological disasters
Abstract '1. Legal and standard basis for construction of the system of monitoring and forecasting of� emergencies in Russia(SMFE).�� 2. Aims and tasks of SMFE in Russia�� 3. Strusture of the system on all levels. Federal, regional and subject levels.�� 4. Examples and results of activity of SMFE in Russia.�� 5. Cooperation of SMFE of Russia with systems in other countries.�� 6. Proposals for wide spread international cooperation in the field of monitoring and forecasting of emergencies.
Tel 7-095-449-37-88
Fax 7-095-443-84-85
Reg. No. 30027
Poster No. A19-128
Name of Organization Weathercock co.,ltd.
Title Weathercock's high-precision topographical model makes it possible to simulate disaster situations and protect the environment from destruction.
Abstract Weathercock's high-precision topographical model created using the newest DEM data .
The topographical model makes it possible to simulate disaster situations and protect the environment from destruction.
We are continuing our efforts to develop excellent topographical models utilizing the advanced technology.

This advanced automatic cutting device enables the high-speed creation of a topographical model with accurate resolution using a DEM(Digital Elevation Model)data and rendering it on the computer.

And our technology adds printing features to the automatic topographic cutting device.

We are proud of the highest level of accuracy as well as 3-demensional effects in our topographical modeles,which are conventional handmade models.

For example,the measures for disaster prevention can be printed onto 3-d topographical models.
Our topographical models came to be used as tools for many research activities because of these technological innovations.
The extremely accurate topographical models make it possible even just to forecast the future.
Tel �+81-11-852-1623
Fax �+81-11-855-8366
Reg. No. PS051
Poster No. A19-129
Name of Organization Italian Department of Civil Protection
Title Italian Department of Civl Protection
Abstract The Civil Protection Department of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers is the operative arm of the President of the Council, when it comes to coping with the protection of the country's people and goods, undergoing particular threats and dangers deriving from conditions of natural, environmental or anthropic risk. The Department, which is today organized in 8 general offices and 43 units, constitutes the junction of the Civil Protection National Service. Its main takes include: coordinating, defining intervention and action procedures common the whole system; intervening directly in case of national disaster; giving guidelines for legislation relative to risk prevention; informing public opinion and promoting civil protection culture; producing and managing exceptional regulations needed to enforce emergency interventions in order to reduce to the utmost the damage to people and things. The Department’s staff is highly specialized in emergency management, both from the administrative and technical-operative viewpoint. The Department also operate at the international level, in agreement with similar institution of other countries in a context of European collaboration. This international co-operation enables Italy to verify and evaluate methods, procedures, operative techniques and organizational model in light of the experience accomplished in other countries, but also to export out of Italy the Know-how of our civil protection system, with particular reference to the experience of Italian voluntary organizations, a unique example in the European panorama for its extension and organization.
Tel 39 06 6820 2713
Fax 39 06 6820 2877
Reg. No. 30015
Poster No. B20-101
Name of Organization AFlat Glass manufacturers Association of Japan
Title Sustainable glass system to protect people in natural disasters
Abstract Report our studies of those accidents caused by broken glass

Sustainable glass system to protect people from natural disaster.
Tel �+81-3-3212-8631
Fax �+81-3-3216-3726
Reg. No. PS012
Poster No. B20-102
Name of Organization Joint Research Centre - Ispra
Title The LOCCATEC system: A reliable and cost-effective Search and Rescue tool in the event of a building collapse
Abstract LOCCATEC (Low Cost CAtastrophic Event Capturing) is a prototype system (patent pending) that would provide quickly and cost-effectively reliable information to these involved in emergency management in case of a building collapse. The system provides information primarily on the presence (or not) of people in each closed space of the building during its collapse. Information is also given on the situation in each space of the building a few minutes before the collapse, as well as on the building itself (i.e. number of storeys, plan of each storey).���
LOCCATEC comprises capturing devices (small, low cost, autonomous devices pre-installed in each closed space) and central units (portable units to be carried by the search and rescue teams). Each capturing device adequately integrated and packaged as to survive an eventual collapse, continuously monitors the structural elements, without storing or transmitting any information. Only when triggered by a collapse (when the monitored structural elements change significantly) the devices store images on what is happening in each space of the building during the collapse and a few minutes before. Then, the devices remain inactive in the rubbles.��
Upon arriving, the Search and Rescue team equipped with LOCCATEC central units triggers the wireless downloading
of the information stored in each capturing device. Visualisation of data enables a quick estimation of the number of
people trapped in the rubble and an overall efficient management of the information. An audio link on request permits
hearing these potentially trapped in the ruins. More information on LOCCATEC:
Tel ++39.0332.786708
Fax ++39.0332.789392
Reg. No. 30001
Poster No. B20-103
Name of Organization CLUSTER-ONE CORP.
Title Securuty of the drinking water at the time of the earthquake disaster
Tel �+81-537-21-0707
Fax �+81-537-24-0803
Reg. No. 30010
Poster No. B20-104
Name of Organization Japan Structural Consultant Association Kansai Branch
Title Seismic Design Method for Japanese Traditional Wooden Frames
- Analysis and Design -
Abstract A concise method for analysis to evaluate the seismic performance of wooden frame is shown. Using an earthquake response spectrum, a dynamic evaluation based on the equivalent linear analysis is carried out in wide range of deformation including collapse. The conventional design method as Japanese Building Standard Law covers only elastic range of wooden frame. That method is lacking in an idea of deformation performance, so, it also cannot involve vibration control devices. With the new design method, we can trace the capacity-deformation relationship of wooden frame, and can easily estimate the damping capacity of frame reinforced by passive dampers. The capacity-deformation relationships of wooden frames are based on the shaking table tests of unit frames containing various seismic elements, which are tenon-mortise connection, diagonal bracing, mud-wall, visco-elastic damper, and so on. This design method has been progressed by JSCA-KANSAI working group and been employed for more than 500 wooden buildings in Japan.
Tel �+81-6-6446-6223
Fax �+81-6-6446-6224
Reg. No. PS020
Poster No. B20-105
Name of Organization Federal State Enterprise "All-Russian Research Institute on Problems of Civil Defense and Emergency Situations" (Federal Center of Science and High Technologies) (FGU VNII GOChs (FC)) of EMERCOM of Russia
Abstract In modern conditions one of the most actual global problems of mankind is the problem of natural and technological disasters. Earthquakes relate to the most dangerous disasters caused significant human victims and annual damage up to 100 billion US dollars.
The statistics testifies that the number of rescued considerably depends on timeliness of the beginning of rescue operations in areas of destructive earthquakes. Alongside with it, violation of transport communications, systems of communication and management in the area of disaster, as a rule, does not allow operatively to estimate real conditions and to take adequate decisions on realization of salvage operations, to define optimum amount of forces and means necessary for people rescue. In this case the operative and authentic forecast of conditions is a pledge of successful performance of rescue operations, reduction of amount of� victims and mitigations of social and economic earthquake consequences.

Since 1995 the FGU VNII GOChS (FC) takes an active part in creation of the automated system of operative destructive earthquake consequences forecasting on the basis of GIS-technologies.

Result of this work is creation global GIS "Extremum" which allows to carry out round-the-clock watch on earthquake consequences forecasting all over the world.

The GIS "Extremum" generalized� technological structure includes the following mainframes: the block of the database consisting of structured files of the digital cartographical and object-directed (semantic) information; the block of mathematical models; the user interface - means of efficient control of all GIS; the block of documenting and preparation of thematic and cartographical production for duplicating.

The initial data for the forecast is the information on such parameters of earthquakes as geographical coordinates of an epicenter, depth of epicenter, time of earthquake and also earthquakes magnitude, incoming from services of urgent reports of Geophysical service of the Russian Academy of Science, the European Mediterranean seismological centre (EMSC, France) and National seismological information centre of USA (NEIC) by e-mail.

GIS "Extremum" developed on base of ESRI ArcInfo. ArcInfo has a wide range of possibilities in area of creating and modifying digital geographic data such as single and multi-user data access (including access via Internet), multi-projection support, 3D models creating, developing GIS-applications.

Application of GIS "Extremum" allows operatively react to seismic event - within 1-2 hours after earthquake, to give the interested services and the organizations the information on amount of victims, on necessary forces and means at the organization of rescue operations that allows to reduce amount of losses by 50%.

Results of GIS "Extremum" long-term operation testing is evidence of high efficiency and accuracy of forecast data (more than 80%).
Tel 7-095-443-83-44
Fax 7-095-443-83-15
Reg. No. PS021
Poster No. B20-106
Name of Organization Federal State Enterprise "All-Russian Research Institute on Problems of Civil Defense and Emergency Situations" (Federal Center of Science and High Technologies) (FGU VNII GOChs (FC)) of EMERCOM of Russia
Abstract Methods of remote sounding allow to carry out operatively the analysis of the changes occuring to objects in time and space so to reveal the catastrophic changes occuring to these objects in result of extreme situations, and also to solve huge amount of tasks connected with monitoring and the control of territories in different areas of a national economy. Many extreme situations now cannot be registered with the existing film-making equipment that is connected to insufficient efficiency and its spatial resolution. For example, in a space picture we can see transport failures only in the event that they entail areal pollution or are accompanied by a strong fire or failures on the industrial targets, having local distribution. Therefore, here we shall consider only those extreme situations which now are possible to be registering in operative or close to operative modes.
To the tasks solved by means of remote sounding it is possible to relate:
" Detection of wood, steppe, peat fires, failures on oil derricks and the industrial targets accompanying with fires;
" Revealing of consequences of fires, including forest fires and damage from fires;
" Monitoring of freshet conditions on the rivers, the control of high waters, flooding, the control of ice conditions when a high water over the rivers;
" Detection of emissions of polluting substances in reservoirs and the seas;
" Detection of emissions of polluting substances in the atmosphere of cities and industrial zones, smoke content of cities and settlements as a result of wood, steppe and peat fires;
" Revealing of the agricultural zones subject to a drought;
" The control of cutting down of large forests;
" The control of distribution of polluting substances over industrial zones, on petrocrafts;
" Detection of melting of mountain glaciers;
" Revealing and the control of landslips;
" Detection of the activity of volcanos and the control of conditions over a zone of their action;
" The control of the territories which are taking place in zones of sea ebb and flow;
" The control of the territories, undergone to earthquakes;
" The control of desertification of territories (intensive soil degradation) because of soil salinity, wind and plane erosion of a soil cover, change of a climate;
" The control of intensive bogging of territories.
The listed tasks can be solved at use of various kinds of the film-making equipment in different spectral ranges. Some tasks demand use of the operative space information receiving on a regular basis on the ground with periodicity of 1-3 hours. Requirements under the spatial resolution is not less than 1000 m. Other tasks can be less operative, but demanding higher spatial resolution of images. Optimum conditions for the decision of tasks in view would be the high spatial and high time resolution of images. These conditions can be realized at successful realization of the program of� "small satellites".
Tel 7-095-443-83-44
Fax 7-095-443-83-15
Reg. No. PS022
Poster No. B20-107
Name of Organization Federal State Enterprise "All-Russian Research Institute on Problems of Civil Defense and Emergency Situations" (Federal Center of Science and High Technologies) (FGU VNII GOChs (FC)) of Emercom of Russia
The mobile laboratory is designed for complex diagnostic of buildings, masked defects revealing, detecting of damage level and building seismic stability, residual source estimation.
Complex diagnostic is conducted for:
1. building condition examination after:
а) floods, caused by spring and rain high water
b) the influence of the blast wave after explosions of different nature including acts of terrorism
c) the impact of the earthquakes damaging factors

� 2.estimation of the building applicability for safe people housing

� 3.the insurance cases examination
�With the help of the mobile laboratory "Struna" may be achieved:
1.the minute estimation of� building geometric characteristics and dirt square� and examination� of accordance of revealed geometric defects to normal characteristics.
2.implementing of building geographic survey and developing of situational schema.
3.the minute estimation and survey of physical and mechanical, constructional buildings characteristics (reinforcement,� protecting concrete layer, section of the basic constructional elements)
4. photography and strict survey of the defects of constructional buildings elements on the plan
5. implementing of geological and geophysical researches of dirt building square. Detecting of three-D dirt body constitution, physical and mechanical and dynamical characteristics.
6. Radar researches of the basic constructional elements and dirt body, detecting of masked defects, hollows, armature and� different communications, structure and formation.
7. Dynamical tests of earth-building system and revealing of location and masked defects characteristics by the methods of nondestructive control. Detecting of damage level and building stability according to the results of the dynamical characteristics analysis
8. Implementing of estimations with the use of modern programs and received complex characteristics.

According to the results of researches the certificate of building safety is documented provided with� specialists conclusions and recommendations on the future exploitation.

The methodic of building examination with the help of the mobile laboratory "Struna" has certificate of the government commission on�� emergency prevention and� response�Method was tested while implementing works on buildings examination:

In the Russian Federation-after the mudflow in Tirnauz (Kabardino-Balcaria), the act of terrorism in Volgodonsk, after the fire in the Ostankino Tower in Moscow and others eight subjects of the RF
-in Kazakhstan-after the roof destruction in the Baikonur space center��
-in Germany-after catastrophic flood
-in Greece and Turkey -after destructive earthquakes
more than 1000 buildings and constructions were examined.
The present methodic of examinations with the help of the mobile laboratory "Struna" allows to conduct buildings and constructions condition monitoring, the inference about the damage level, and the dynamics of the future changes of the technical building condition� is deduced from the data received by testing to any extra-impact and comparison them with the data, received after impact.
Tel 7-095-443-83-44
Fax 7-095-443-83-15
Reg. No. 30006
Poster No. B20-108
Name of Organization National Mobile Radio Centers Council
Title MCA(multi channel access system),an inportant role in disasters
Abstract MCA(multi channel access system)is a superior mobile system used in various disasters, because of wide-area, strong constructed relay-station and priority-connection system. MCA has been used for rescue operation� in disasters, such as hanshin/awaji-earthquake, usuzan-eruption and sanrikuminami-earthquake,and played an important role. In this exhibition, the role and function of MCA are introduced.
Tel �+81-3-5323-5266
Fax +81-3-5323-5540
Reg. No. 30004
Poster No. B20-109
Name of Organization Tokyo Fire Department
Title Systems for Disaster Preparedness
Abstract The Earthquake Disaster Fire Fighting Support Systems was established in 1998 to facilitate quick, effective operations after earthquakes. It comprehensively handles the data observed with seismographs immediately after earthquake occurrences and those regarding fire / emergency services like fire fighting, rescue and medical first aid.� In this system, various information in connection with earthquake disaster fire fighting activities is managed on an electronic map. By the overall TFD network function, the inputted information can be checked also on the screens, at fire stations, district headquarters, and the TFD headquarters.� The common sharing of extensive disaster information enables appropriate judgment for emergency operations.
Tel +81-3-3212-2111
Fax +81-3-3213-1478
Reg. No. PS044
Poster No. B20-110
Name of Organization Earthquake Planning and Protection Organization (E.P.P.O.)
Title "Seismopolis" - Pilot Integrated System for Public Familiarization with Earthquakes and information on Earthquake Protection
Abstract This project aims on developing a complete pilot program that will exploit tools such as an earthquake simulator, a virtual reality system, multimedia as well as standard methods of communication and information provision, familiarizing the users with earthquakes and informing them on antiseismic issues, in order to achieve an appropriate antiseismic attitude.�"Seismopolis" will mainly concentrate in:� 1. The special needs of different groups(students, educators, general population, elderly people, foreigner adults coming from different cultural and language environments, disabled people)�� 2. The various stages of earthquake occurrence(before - during - after the earthquake)� 3. The adequate knowledge on earthquakes, according to the needs.���� Based on the existing educational material, the following needs have been determined:� - Conventional information (leaflets and posters, informative speeches, seminars and projections of educational CD's)� - Interactive approach (interactive multimedia presentations, websites, educational games)�� - New technologies of virtural reality and simulation (e.g. a public education shake table 3m�6m planar triaxial)�� - Investigation of reactions to a simulated
earthquake����� For the evaluation of the above systems, a pilot application of the complete complex will take place in a building situated at the Rentis Municipality, Athens. This evaluation phase is very important since it will lead to the pedagogical and psychological appropriateness of the system and will be carried through pilot methods applied in selected user groups as well as through the scientific
evaluation of the informative content that users have received.
Tel +30 210 67 28000
Fax +30 210 67 79561
Reg. No. PS045
Poster No. B20-111
Name of Organization Earthquake Planning and Protection Organization (E.P.P.O)
Title Vulnerability assesment of existing buildings and development of new materials and strengthening techniques
Abstract The greatest threat to human life and property loss resulting from earthquakes in modern Greece is associated with seismic vulnerability of existing construction that was either not designed for seismic resistance or was built prior to the introduction of modern earthquake-design practices.�� The inventory of existing structures deemed vulnerable in terms of seismic resistance represents a huge investment on behalf of society; replacement in the near future with new building infrastructure conforming to modern earthquake engineering design standards would be prohibitively expensive. The only acceptable solution is the systematic evaluation of older structures coupled with implementation of pertinent retrofit strategies deemed necessary to rectify the identified inadequacies. Note that in Greece today there does not exist a single established methodology for seismic assessment or upgrading of older construction.Evidently, there is a pressing need for prescribing and certifying an easy-to-implement framework for seismic assessment of reinforced concrete and unreinforced masonry that would lead to unique and reliable conclusions. This is accompanied by pertinent tecnologies for design and implementation of repair/strengthening schemes optimized in terms of replacement /upgrading cost radio, speed of application and
viability /durability of the solution.���� The purpose of this project is the relationship between expected damage as quantified by selected performance indices and the seismic load intensity will be explored for various categories of old - types structures, monetary loss assessment models and the development of new technologies for seismic repair and strengthening based on advanced fibre - reinforced composite material as well as the application of this technique in a real building.
Tel +30 210 67 28000
Fax +30 210 67 79561
Reg. No. 30020
Poster No. B20-112
Title Fire resistant Anti-Disaster Glass <Multi Block TM>
Abstract Mitsubishi Plastics Inc. (MPI) as a leading company of plastic industries has launched a fire resistant anti-disaster glass called <Multi BlockTM>.� It is newly developed glass laminated with special interlayer of MPI.� Conventional anti-disaster glass installed in residential, commercial and public buildings protects people from injuries by broken glass doesn’t shatter nor fall out from window systems, so that people and household goods are protected from outside wind and rain even after disaster. However, when fires occur, today’s anti-disaster glass could easily lose it’s performance described above as it is not fire resistant glass.� On the other hand, <Multi BlockTM> offers all features required for architectural glass such as Fire Resistance, Anti-Disaster, Safety, Security and Acoustic. Moreover, it prolongs evacuation time by thermal insulation that provided with special interlayer.� <Multi BlockTM> is the best solution in disaster control.�
Tel +81-3-3834-8804
Fax +81-3-3834-8845
Reg. No. 30021
Poster No. B20-113
Name of Organization Japan Structural Consultants Association
Title Japan Structural Consultants Association
Abstract The origins of JSCA were formed in 1981, when structural engineering specialists within the building sector inaugurated the “Structural Designers Conference”.

This activity was developed and the Japan Structural Consultants Association was founded in 1989 as a public benefit organization that is a group of structural engineers to contribute to the society.

Since then, JSCA has compiled “Structural Design Codes” and established the “Qualifying System for Structural Engineers”, and has vigorously pursued further technical improvement of its membership.

In addition, through its own efforts and with the cooperation of governmental bodies and research institutes, JSCA continually endeavors to contribute its skills to society.
Tel +81-3-3262-8498
Fax +81-3-3262-8486
Reg. No. 30002
Poster No. B20-201
Name of Organization WHO Centre for Health Development
Title Health consequence of disaster
Abstract As an integral part of the Secretariat of the World Health Organization (WHO), the WHO Centre for Health Development (WKC) conducts research into health consequences of social, economic, environmental and technological change and their implications for health policies in order to enhance WHO's capability to address priority health issues that require coordinated multidisciplinary and intersectoral action.

WHO has been conducting researches on environmental health problems arising from emergencies and disasters which are connected to their effects on the physical, biological and social environment that pose a threat to human health, well-being and survival:� shelter, water, sanitation, pollution etc.� Taking this opportunity, WKC will exhibit the related materials in order to increase awareness of the importance of emergency preparedness.
Tel +81-78-230-3100
Fax +81-78-230-3178
Reg. No. 30028
Poster No. B20-202
Name of Organization Hyogo Medical Association
Title Disaster Medical 3T
Tel +81-78-575-3956
Fax +81-78-578-0561
Reg. No. 30034
Poster No. B20-203
Name of Organization University of Hyogo, Graduate School of Nursing
The 21st Century Center of Excellence Program
Title Health Needs During Mid- and Long- Term After Disaster and Care Strategies
Abstract University of Hyogo, College of Nursing Art & Science, obtained Centre of Excellence (COE) program funded by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in Japan. The COE program aims to elevate Japanese universities to a high level that is recognized worldwide. It was launched in 2002.� Ten academic fields were identified, and applications were accepted for five fields in both 2002 and 2003.� Nursing science is categorized under medical science, therefore, application were accepted in 2003 for nursing science.� The theme of our program is “Development of Disaster Nusrsing in a Ubiquitous Society”.� The purpose of our project is to develop self-care abilities of communities and/or individuals to regenerate and recover from the consequences of disasters. Through this poster session, we will provide the information on preparedness for health and discuss strategies for regenerateing and recovering optimal health among people.�

1. Strategies for developing abilities of regenerating and recovering health amog people� 1) For vulnerable people� 2) For nurses as a health care provider 3) For general public
2. Preparedness utilizing Information-Communication Technology
Tel +81-78-925-9440
Fax +81-78-925-9440
Reg. No. PS009
Poster No. B20-301
Name of Organization Japanese Red Cross Society
Title From the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake to the Niigata-Chuetsu Earthquake
Abstract The Japanese Red Cross Society, through frequent reviews of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake relief operation, has started new disaster management activities and improved existing activities, developed a better system for disaster relief.

In case of emergency, in order to provide the victims with medical relief and to examine the victims who had to live in shelters for a long period, Special Disaster Response Units* are deployed in the affected area.

Containers with Special Disaster Response Unit's medicines / medical equipments etc. are transported to the affected area. The Unit functions as relief bases and temporary clinics.

* Special Disaster Response Unit is developed from the ERU for domestic use. It has almost the same material and equipment as the ERU and is deployed when disaster strikes Japan. Special Disaster Response Unit has a gross weight of 3 tons and has 1 air tent, 188 medical equipments, 65 medicines (anesthetic, antibiotic, etc), beds, stretchers, water tanks etc. The Unit can be ready for deployment within an hour. 200 people a day can be treated for 72 hours with its equipments.

Tel + 81 3 3437 7087
Fax + 81 3 3435 8509

Reg. No. PS010
Poster No. B20-302
Name of Organization Asian Disaster Reduction and Response Network ADRRN
Title Enhancing Effective Disaster Risk Management Through Partnerships
In February 2002, the Asia Disaster Reduction Centre (ADRC) Kobe and the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA) in Kobe brought together more than 30 NGOs from all over Asia to discuss the need for a network of NGOs for Disaster Reduction & Response in Asia.

As a result, the Asian Disaster Reduction & Response Network (ADRRN) was formed. This body of NGOs and other stakeholders was consolidated in December 2003 and in June 2004, the structure, content and direction of the ADRRN was clearly formulated and implemented.

ADRRN aims to bring together Asian NGOs, individuals, organisations, agencies and other stakeholders in disaster risk management. This network is a platform to promote partnerships, capacity building and knowledge sharing between players in disaster risk management.

The poster session will highlight the work of core member organizations in various areas of disaster risk management in countries across Asia. The work to be highlighted at this session are projects implemented by each core member which encompasses disaster preparedness, mitigation and response.� Work from Japanese NGOs particularly in the lessons learnt from the Kobe Earthquake will be shared. The website will also be displayed on posters.

The poster session aims to attract other NGOs and agencies working in Asia to collaborate in implementing total disaster risk management.� Participation in this session will be an excellent platform to further advance the importance of the network.
Tel +�� 81 78 262 5550/5551
Fax + 81 78 262 5554
E-mail /
Reg. No. PS032
Poster No. B20-303
Name of Organization Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC)
Title The Global Wildland Fire Network
Abstract The Global Wildland Fire Network  Over the past decade, many regions of the world have witnessed a growing trend of excessive fire application in land-use systems and land-use change and an increasing occurrence of wildfires of extreme severities. Some of the effects of fires cross borders, for example smoke pollution and its impacts on human health and safety, loss of biodiversity or site degradation at landscape level leading to desertification or flooding. The depletion of terrestrial carbon by fires burning under extreme conditions is one of the driving agents of disturbance of the global carbon cycle. This trend is stirring the international community to address the problem collaboratively. The development of informal partnerships, joint projects and formal agreements between government and non-governmental institutions is essential to enable nations to develop sustainable fire management capabilities.   The Global Wildland Fire Network is a programme of the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), coordinated by the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) and sponsored by the Federal Foreign Office of Germany. Through the network it is aimed to enhance international cooperation in wildland fire management, notably in the prevention of the negative impacts of fires on global vegetation cover, land-use systems, and human populations. Cooperation includes sharing of resources based on bilateral or multilateral agreements. The ISDR Wildland Fire Advisory Group, coordinated by the GFMC, is serving as a liaison between the Global Wildland Fire Network and the ISDR. Together with the FAO the GFMC is currently preparing the International Wildland Fire Accord.
Tel 49-761-808011
Fax 49-761-808012
Reg. No. PS036
Poster No. B20-304
Name of Organization German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV)
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammerarbeit (GTZ)
Title GTZ approach towards a comprehensive disaster risk management
Abstract Problem
Damages caused by disasters are increasing worldwide. Especially poorer countries are thrown back years in their development efforts through more as well as heavier impacts.

Objective and Approach of the GTZ
The Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH is an international cooperation enterprise for sustainable development with worldwide operations. In more than 130 partner countries GTZ supports 2.700 development projects and programmes, chiefly under commissions from the German Federal Government.
GTZ's aim is to improve the living conditions and perspectives of people in developing and transition countries. Due to its commitment to sustainable development GTZ is fostering disaster risk management in developing countries in order to
" reduce the disaster risk that interrupts sustainable socio-economic and ecological development.
" assure the long-term positive effects of development efforts.
Especially in Latin America - but increasingly also in Africa and Asia - the GTZ follows a multi-level approach. However a special focus is given to the reduction of local vulnerabilities by fostering and strengthening structures and capacities. Within project planning and implementation participation of the local population is given a high priority. The locally based activities are integrated in GTZ supported national reforms and international processes.

GTZ experts offer advice in:
" Planning and implementation of risk analyses
" Identification of viable and cost-efficient mitigation and prevention measures (infrastructure and "soft" activities)
" Integration of disaster prevention actions into planning and land use concepts
" formulation of disaster risk reduction plans, development of awareness-raising actions as well as planning and implementation of early warning systems,
" Integration of risk reducing actions into activities of rehabilitation and reconstruction
" Support of institutional reforms and creation of efficient organisational structures
" Formulation of normative and legislative regulations
In addition the GTZ strives for strategic alliances with national as well as international organisations and capacity development activities are offered for actors on different levels where needed.
Tel ++49 (0)6196 79 4218
Fax ++49 (0)6196 79 6170
Reg. No. PS037
Poster No. B20-305
Name of Organization German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV)
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammerarbeit (GTZ)
Title Disaster Risk Management in the Mekong Basin
Abstract 1. PROBLEM
Frequent flooding and flood damages in the lower Mekong Basin matter a serious development problem for the abutter states Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.
In the Year of 2000 until 2002 over 1000 Persons have died through floods and damages of 500.000.000 USD have emerged. More than 8 million people are affected regularly by floods. As 40% of the affected population live in poverty the impact of the floods jeopardized the fragile socio-economic livelihood system, especially of this families.

2. Objective and Methodology
To face this type of emergency by a regional approach the Mekong River Commission (MCR) has passed a Flood Management Programme in November 2002.
To optimise the Mekong States' Flood Management by disaster prevention and land management the GTZ contributes the MRC Programme through capacity development focusing disaster preparedness strategies as well as the consideration of flood risks within land management planning.

3. Activities
The German intervention is particularly based on the regional level as well as on the macro- and meso level in chosen side-areas of the upper and lower Mekong Delta.

" Consultation of precise activities in disaster preparedness, flood management and land management
" Provision with equipment and teaching aids
" Implementation of a regional workshop containing presentations and team work
" Documentation of exemplary methods of resolution for the diffusion of experiences to other member states, provinces and districts
" Education and Training of specialists as well as awareness building
" Promotion of land use planning on the base of participatory risks analysis mapping
Tel ++49 (0)6196 79 4218
Fax ++49 (0)6196 79 6170
Reg. No. PS038
Poster No. B20-306
Name of Organization German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV)
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammerarbeit (GTZ)
Title Disaster Risk Management in Mozambique
Abstract 1. PROBLEM
In response to the dramatic floods in 2000, Mozambique has received a massive amount of relief and rehabilitation aid from the international community, channelled through various projects. However, 4 years later, an integrated Disaster Risk Management approach supporting institutional capacity at various levels with focus on local communities, has not yet been institutionalized at national level.

2. Objective and Methodology
The German Technical Development Co-operation (GTZ) supports Mozambican governmental and non-governmental institutions to shift from a traditional reactive to a preventive thinking and planning approach. In particular, the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) component of the its Rural Development Program - PRODER for Central Mozambique, assists the district governments to integrate disaster risk reduction measures into the decentralized multi-sector district development plans, making participatory risk prevention an integrated part of rural development planning and poverty reduction efforts.

3. Activities
" Support of technical and organisational capacity building to institutions involved in disaster risk management in the Buzi river basin, such as the Mozambican Red Cross, the Buzi District Administration and nine local DRM community committees.
" Participatory risk mapping with local communities, to identify high and low risk areas within a settlement.
" Create awareness about the needs and procedures for data gathering and institutional co-ordination.
" a disaster preparedness exercise took place in Begaja community, with the simulation of a cyclone triggered flood. All key actors local, provincial and national levels were involved (such as the Disaster Management Institute - INGC), the National Meteorology Institute - INAM) and the Water Management institution in Mozambique Central Region - ARA Centro).
" For training and dissemination purposes of the gained experiences and approach of PRODER-GRC, two video films have been produced using this also as training material several for other districts in Central Mozambique:��
" Local Disaster Risk Management as part of Rural Development in Central Mozambique
" Cyclone - Communities knows what to do; Simulation in Buzi District as part of Local Disaster Risk Management
Tel ++49 (0)6196 79 4218
Fax ++49 (0)6196 79 6170
Reg. No. PS039
Poster No. B20-307
Name of Organization German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV)
Title German Committee for Disaster Reduction, a National Platform within ISDR
Abstract The German Committee for Disaster Reduction views itself as a forum for dialogue aimed at informing society about disaster reduction, bringing together relevant players. It focuses in the areas of science, policy, business, society and rescue services integrating the various relevant ongoing activities.
Our goal is to make disaster reduction an integral part of approaches and action in the political, scientific and social realms.

The Poster will provide information with regard to:
- The mission statement of DKKV
- The organizational structure�
- The interlinkage with relevant actors in Germany
- The international
- The strategy - Plan of Action
- Selected activities and publication
Tel 79-228-2434826
Fax 49-228-2434836
Reg. No. PS016
Poster No. C21-101
Name of Organization GeoHazards International
Title Community Based Disaster Preparedness Curricula & Dissemination Strategies
Abstract In Turkey, new, high quality, content-rich community-based disaster mitigation curricula were developed for dissemination to the public and instructor-training curricula were developed for community-based volunteers, school teachers, first responders, architects and engineers by Bo?azii University Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute Disaster Preparedness Education Program with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance following the devastating 1999 Kocaeli earthquake

These programs provided inspiration for the development of similar curricula for implementation by the Central Asia Earthquake Safety Initiative led by GeoHazards International and local non-governmental organizations in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.�

Highlights include
o Curriculum and training support materials in four key areas
Basic Disaster Awareness, Community Disaster Volunteers, Non-Structural Mitigation, and Structural Awareness including new distance learning self-study materials and hands-on training aids.
o Measurable impact of basic disaster awarenes programs on bothknowledge and behavior are illustrated.
o Successful dissemination strategies included partnerships with volunteers from local non-governmental and community-based organizations and� Provincial Education Directorates.
Tel 1(650) 614-9050
Fax 1 (650) 614-0951
Reg. No. PS017
Poster No. C21-102
Name of Organization Bogazici University, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Disaster Preparedness Education Project
Title Public Participation Geographic Information Sharing Systems for Community Based Disaster Mitigation
Abstract This poster summarizes the efforts by Bogazici University Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (BU-KOERI) Disaster Preparedness Education Program in Istanbul, Turkey in piloting three innovative uses of geospatial information technology for community-participation in disaster management.

1) The Neighbourhood Geographic Information Sharing System provided volunteers with skills and tools for identification of seismic risks and response assets in their neighbourhoods. Field data collection volunteers used low-cost hand-held computers and data compiled were fed into a geospatial database accessible over the Internet. Interactive thematic maps enabled discussion of mitigation measures and action alternatives. This pilot evolved into a proposal for sustained implementation with local fire stations.

2) The Program Monitoring Facility involved collaboration between the Disaster Preparedness Education Program and the Istanbul Education Directorate, and later the Turkish Ministry of Education. Basic Disaster Awareness instructors reported on dissemination of training using a web-based data entry application. The data is used to create a series of interactive Web-based thematic maps showing the geographic reach of the training program with hot links which allow the public to drill down to see local contact information.

3) The School Commute Contingency Pilot was designed to track school-bus routes in Istanbul, in order to stimulate contingency planning for commute-time emergencies when 400,000 students travel an average of 45 minutes each way on 20,000 service buses. GPS data loggers were used to track service bus routes on maps highlighting nearest schools along the route. It is proposed that bus-drivers, parents and school managers be issued route maps with nearest schools that could serve as both meeting places and shelters. The system is designed to be in synch with the Istanbul Earthquake Early Warning and Rapid Response System housed at BU-KOERI.
Tel 90 (216) 308-0511/345
Fax 90 (216) 332-9094
Reg. No. PS018
Poster No. C21-103

The eastern Himalayan region receives the highest annual rainfall on the earth, runoff of which flows to the ocean through five countries - Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Nepal and India. The monsoon-influenced wet season, spanning from June to early October, generates huge runoff along the major river systems, causing frequent overbank spillage and floods in the region. The worst hit areas belong mostly to deltaic plains, where high intensity floods often take disastrous proportions. Management of flood therefore receives high priority in agenda of the respective governments. It is now widely understood that floods cannot be controlled altogether ─ especially in the flood plains ─ and in addition to macro-level structural approaches to flood containment, efforts much be made to enhance capacity of households and communities for the micro-level management of floods. In this pursuit,� Community-based Flood Management Strategies for Bangladesh, India and Nepal have been developed, which have recently been implemented in pilot scales in the three countries. The common approach dealt primarily with the formation/strengthening of community organizations; identification of micro-management actions and responsibility sharing; promotion of local-level water governance and planning; enhanced interaction between tiers of government; and active involvement of people in pre-, during- and post-flood activities. The early results from pilot implementation of the concept are found to generate great enthusiasm amongst the beneficiaries, which paid huge dividend in reducing flood vulnerability of the affected communities. A few weaknesses are also identified, removal of which would ensure appreciable disaster reduction benefits for impoverished households.
Tel (8802) 885 3958
Fax (8802) 885 0036
Reg. No. 30032
Poster No. C21-104
Name of Organization Kwansei Gakuin Human Service Center
Title Disaster Reduction Map
Tel �+81-798-54-6400
Fax �+81-798-54-6118
Reg. No. PS033
Poster No. C21-105
Name of Organization German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV)
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammerarbeit (GTZ)
Title Experience of local and participative disaster risk management planning processes in the Watershed Area of the San Pedro River in Bolivia
Abstract 1. PROBLEM
Often, disaster risk management is not adapted to the local conditions. Technical solutions are prioritised whereas local knowledge s not taken into account.
2. Approach
Disaster Risk Management of local communities in the Andean region is based on a social process which begins with a participative risk analysis of local experiences. This analysis takes into account the particular Andean culture, their knowledge and existing strategies of prevention and /or mitigation of disasters. It is not the intention to replace "modern" or technical knowledge with traditional or local knowledge, rather to seek a dialogue and complementary between the two. Recognition of local knowledge is essential to guarantee that measures to reduce conditions of vulnerability are viewed in a cultural context appropriate for local participants and entities.

3. Activities
" Participative disaster risk analysis at the communal level must consider mainly social information which is expressed through the historical memory and local perception in relation to historic events which produced damages and/or losses. Although subjective, this information allows one to judge the risks to which the local population is exposed and orientate mediation, planning and execution of activities of Disaster Risk Management at the local level (communal and district).
" Communal plans constitute an opportunity for local entities to reflect on the conditions of their surrounding (risks, threats, vulnerability and the capacity to respond), identify viable alternatives and finally, take decisions in order to prevent and/or mitigate disaster within the borders of their area.
Tel ++49 (0)6196 79 4218
Fax ++49 (0)6196 79 6170
Reg. No. PS034
Poster No. C21-106
Name of Organization German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV)
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammerarbeit (GTZ)
Title Disaster Risk Management for Food Security in Arequipa, Peru
Abstract 1. PROBLEM
Natural hazards, particularly earthquakes, drought, landslides and low temperatures, seriously affect livelihoods in the rural areas of the Andean Region of Southern Peru, causing severe food security problems.

2. Objective and Methodology
The main objective of the project is to reduce the vulnerability of the mostly rural population with respect to these hazards, thus stabilizing food security.

In order to achieve this goal, the project is focussing on three components:
(1) Introduction of appropriate agricultural practices and improvement of irrigation infrastructure for vulnerability reduction,
(2) Promotion of earthquake resistant cheap housing and construction of rural drinking water supply systems.
(3) Integration of risk reduction aspects in development planning processes.

3. Activities
" Participatory and technical risk analysis and mapping
" Sensibilisation of authorities and population with regard to existing risks
" Participatory design and implementation of appropriate risk reduction measures
" Improvement of irrigation infrastructure and techniques (for instance, water distribution systems, field irrigation techniques), as well as water user organisation
" Introduction of improved agricultural practices, that contribute to risk reduction
" Identification of save zones for housing
" Design and construction of affordable, earthquake resistant housing
" Construction of save drinking water systems
" Integration of risk reduction aspects in development and land use plans
" Design and implementation of contingency plans
Tel ++49 (0)6196 79 4218
Fax ++49 (0)6196 79 6170
Reg. No. PS035
Poster No. C21-107
Name of Organization German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV)
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammerarbeit (GTZ)
Title Disaster Risk Management and Nutrition Security in the Watershed Area of the San Pedro River in Bolivia
Abstract 1. PROBLEM
The natural characteristics of the project region (topography, geology, and rainfall pattern), local context (social-cultural, economic and political-institutional) and exposure to natural risks create unfavorable conditions which are compounded by the occurrences of natural disasters (draught, erosion, hail, landslide, etc.) and their negative impact on the surrounding environment. This further threatens the productive bases of the local population, negatively impacting their nutritional security and conditions for development.
Since ancient times Andean communities have possessed knowledge for developing strategies to reduce natural risks but under actual conditions these strategies are no longer sufficient. The vulnerability of the population in the North of Potosi with regards to potential natural disasters is growing by the day.

2. Objective and Methodology
The project is carried out in the Andean region of Bolivia in the Department of Potosi. Participation, reflection, and a permanent dialogue between various local entities (e.g., Union of Districts of North Potosi, District of San Pedro, among others) are the main channels utilized to:
" Promote the protection of productive bases of the local population against natural disasters.
" Reduce the impact of natural disasters and improve the conditions for a sustainable development of the local population.

3. Activities
The main activities of the project are:
" Risk analysis based on the local perception of risks
" Improvement of local capacities in order to reduce the impact of disasters
" Incorporation of Disaster Risk Management at different levels of planning processes
" Training in order to strengthen knowledge of Disaster Risk Management
" Technical assistance/ support in the construction of technical infrastructure

Additionally, in order to achieve the project objectives, strategic alliances at different levels (local, community, regional, national and international) have been formed between various social and institutional entities.
Tel ++49 (0)6196 79 4218
Fax ++49 (0)6196 79 6170
Reg. No. PS041
Poster No. C21-108
Name of Organization Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC)
Title Community Based Hazard Mapping: An effective tool to raise public awareness
Abstract Recently, hazard maps have become popular as a tool for disaster preparedness in many countries. However, most of them are indicating only experienced or estimated dangerous sites and not so useful for actual behavior of local residents on disaster reduction. How effectively hazard maps are used depends on the level of community awareness. The community members must learn how to understand potential disasters in their area from the map to take appropriate countermeasures.

For this purpose, ADRC promotes the “Town-Watching” method whereby the community is involved in developing a hazard map through the following steps:�

1. Local residents along with experts and government officials walk around the town to find out, among others, vulnerable areas, evacuation centers and routes, expected problems in disaster management activities. Participants would take notes or photos about these points.
2. Participants then transfer the field observations onto a large map using different colours to facilitate visual understanding. Putting the photos with notes on the map could be helpful.�
3. They should discuss “What are the expected problems?”, “What are the possible countermeasures?”, and “Who have the responsibility to implement each countermeasure?”

It takes only one day and only a map, a camera, and some colour-markers to develop a community based hazard map. Through lively discussion, community members can find out the barriers with regards to disasters, countermeasures and responsibilities. ADRC intends to promote this “Community Based Hazard Mapping” exercise in Asia by adapting it to the specific conditions of each country for effective disaster reduction.
Tel 81-78-262-5540
Fax 81-78-262-5546
Reg. No. PS049
Poster No. C21-109
Name of Organization Instituto Geofisico del Ecuador
Title The 1999 Eruption of Guagua Pichincha Volcano: Early Warnings and Risk Management in Quito-Ecuador
Abstract The 1999 eruption of Guagua Pichincha Volcano (GGP, located 10 km W of Quito - 1.5 million people) was a good opportunity to develop a strong working relationship between the local government, responsible of the city's risk management, and the scientists in charge of monitoring the volcano and forecasting its eruptive activity. Early warnings provided by the scientists of the Geophysical Institute allowed Quito officials to evaluate, with enough time, the physical and functional vulnerability of the city and to strengthen institutional capacities to mitigated the impact of ash falls, and fostered adequate response during the crisis.� The efforts taken by the City were focused in its lifelines and in training people for an adequate response. People's involvement in its own safety was crucial during the pre-eruptive period. The process of communicating early warnings and the eruptive crises evolution was undertaken by the Mayor himself and by the chief scientist in charge, and proved to be very effective. This assertion was proved to be true during the heavy ash falls that suffered Quito during the last trimester of 1999, when enormous, and frightening, mushroom like ash clouds threatened the city but the citizen's response was adequate with no panic reaction. The city was able to resume almost normal activities within very few days, with the sole exception of the airport, which remained closed for ever a week within two consecutive months due to the ash. This could be considered a success story of good practices, where early warnings led to correct preparedness and adequate response.
Tel 593 2 222 5655
Fax 593 2 256 7847
Reg. No. 30003
Poster No. C21-110
Name of Organization Hyogo Reseach Center for Quake Restoration
Title Teachings Verification Great Earthquake
Abstract A Decade Verification of the Great Earthquake,the
result verified a ten-year reconstruction process
of the Great to be published in
December,2004.An English translation of A Hundred Teachings of the Great Earthquqke will be published at the same time.
Tel +81-78-371-4593
Fax +81-78-371-5985
Reg. No. PS003
Poster No. C21-201
Name of Organization Kyoto University Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies
Title Environment and Disaster Education towards Sustainable Development
Koichi Shiwaku, Seiji Suwa and Rajib Shaw
Abstract Sustainable Development is one of the key concerns for 'better life'. But our lives are influenced a great deal by the natural and built environment, and these are very much inter-related.� For example, there are issues of global warming, which are caused by human activities, and have impacts on the natural environment as well as human beings, in the form of natural disasters like flood, cyclones.� Thus, to think sustainable development in a critical way, it is important to focus on the links of environment and disaster management.� It is necessary to have in-depth analysis on people's coping mechanism and promote the "safety culture" for enhancing human security. To achieve it, education is one of the most important factors.

Maiko High School, of Kobe, Hyogo, established the Environment and Disaster Mitigation (EDM) Course in 2002. The EDM Course teaches students way of life and way of being as human being by utilizing the lessons of the Kobe Earthquake and Implementing education targeting on the relationship between natural and social environment.� The EDM Course has three notable features. The first is to emphasize preparedness and mitigation more than response or reconstruction. The second is to teach students various contents about social and natural environment. The third is not to be taught by teachers but to let students think. The activity of students in classes is the cycle <Establishing the subject - Investigating - Drawing conclusion - Presenting/Evaluating - Establishing next subject>.

To solve the problems of the environment and disaster management, thrre key-issues are importnat: self-help, cooperation and education.� The cycle of the activitiy in the EDM Course of Maiko High School is a unique process of emvironement and disaster education, which teaches students to think by themselves, and� leading to sustainable development.
Tel 81-75-753-5708
Fax 81-75-753-5708
Reg. No. PS025
Poster No. C21-202
Name of Organization InWEnt gGmbH
Title Disaster Prevention and Preparedness - Capacity Building Concept of InWEnt
Abstract For large parts of the world's population, natural disasters lead to crises with violent aftermaths. In terms of loss of human life, 97% of natural disaster fatalities occur in developing countries. It is not enough to mitigate impacts. Efficient disaster prevention is important. InWEnt's human resources development programmes on behalf of the Federal Foreign Office and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development aim to build the institutional capacities of the authorities and institutions responsible for disaster prevention and management through training, seminars, and structured dialogue. InWEnt systematically organizes access to internationally accessible knowledge, making it available as a strategic development resource to the benefit of partners.

Disaster Prevention and Management is one focus of InWEnt's capacity building programmes. At the same time it presents a sector crossing theme between several business fields:

o Crisis prevention and Peace Development:
InWEnt has been working on crisis prevention with increasing intensity. Crisis prevention incorporates themes of conflict resolution, peace education, peace development, disaster prevention and management, security policy, and resolution of conflicts over resources.

o Social development - Health:
In the health sector InWEnt one focus is the fight against HIV/AIDS. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has reached a dimension which has become a major strain on the progress of developing nations. The social and economic results of the epidemic have become marked in recent years, and have frustrated many development efforts. InWEnt's program takes a multi-sector approach, approaching the fight against the epidemic on three important levels: prevention, impact reduction, and treatment and aid.

o Environment and Natural Resources - Food Security:
Increasing pressure on the environment and the depletion of limited natural resources aggravate poverty and hunger. The growing risk of� natural disasters and food shortages are inextricably linked. Therefore we focus on people, their environment, and the responsible and sustainable use of natural resources for improved food security for the long run.
Tel 0049-30-254 82 - 117
Fax 0049-30-254 82 - 103
Reg. No. PS031
Poster No. C21-203
Name of Organization GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam (Germany)
Title 25 years International Training Courses on Seismology and Seismic Hazard Assessment
Abstract The disastrous consequences of destructive earthquakes place a heavy burden on many societies and their economies, particularly in developing countries. In order to avoid or at least to mitigate the negative effects of such events a thorough scientific knowledge of their geological and geophysical causes, their structural, kinematic and dynamic characteristics and destructive effects as well as a developed capability to monitor and to analyse them is indispensable. The vulnerability of human societies and related human and economic losses due to earthquakes are steadily growing as a consequence of rapid population growth and urbanization. Accordingly, improved risk assessment and effective disaster mitigation measures are prerequisites to ensure sustainable development in earthquake-prone countries.

The GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam (GFZ) runs an annual five weeks international training course on "Seismology, hazard assessment and risk mitigation". Since1980 610 participants from 97 countries have attended these courses. They are held alternately in Germany and, every other year, in a developing country of Asia, Africa or Latin America. The courses consist of lectures (about 45%), practical exercises (35%), workshop sessions and field excursions (about 10% each). Main course topics are:

" seismological instrumentation, calibration and data acquisition
" optimal site selection, network configuration and instrument installation
" seismogram analysis, event location, magnitude estimation and other source parameters
" use of engineering seismological parameters and earthquake catalogues for estimating hazard and risk
" microzonation methods for estimating local site effects of earthquake ground shaking
" tsunami and volcano monitoring aimed at hazard assessment and early warning
" role of landuse regulations, scenario modelling and earthquake engineering in disaster preparedness and loss reduction.

The course approach is outlined and the impact of 25 course years is assessed.
Tel ++49-(0)331-288-120
Fax ++49-(0)331-288-1204
Reg. No. PS008
Poster No. D22-102
Name of Organization Intermediate Technology Development Group- South Asia
Title Future Dimensions of Disaster Management in South Asia
Abstract South Asia is one of the world's most disaster-prone regions. Being one of the world's most populous regions as well, the severity of the humanitarian crisis that happens in the wake of floods, drought, earthquake and cyclones draws world attention and millions of dollars in relief and rehabilitation. But very little of these funds is directed towards mechanisms, practices and plans that can reduce future disaster shock and mitigate the impacts on human life and livelihood.

The recent years has seen a very slow shift towards increased preparedness. ITDG South Asia, as an international NGO working in five of the seven countries in South Asia, has played an important role in the shift of mindset- from relief to risk reduction.

The organization conducted pioneering research in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka on gender relationships and disaster risk. This research led to many publications, exhibitions and also formed an integral component of grassroots programmes later initiated by the organization.

�ITDG South Asia believed in developing community capacity to address disaster management issues in a village setting. A training programme in Community-Based Disaster Management for field workers and NGO staff was devised and coordinated through international and national training institutions.

The organization believes that the future of disaster management in the region lies with the decentralized governmental structures that are being promulgated in these countries. These institutions, while being in charge of general region-wise development would be the focal point for long-term disaster management plans.

ITDG-South Asia has also applied to conduct a thematic session for the WCDR.
Tel 0094-1-2829412
Fax 0094-1-2856188
Reg. No. 30007
Poster No. D22-103
Name of Organization The Development Team of an RFID-based Disaster-relief System
Title Research and Development of a RFID-based Disaster-relief System
Abstract A portable system for assisting rescue personnel in disaster situations has been developed. The system consists of portable microwave terminals that function as message readers/writers/carriers and long-range, non-battery RFID tags that are ubiquitously placed along roadsides and function as information-storage units. Information such as location of refuges and the safety assessments of damaged buildings is remotely downloaded onto or uploaded from the tags by the terminals.

The information gathered by the terminals is transmitted on micro computer units using an ad-hoc radio network or on internet-protocol (IP) radio equipment of local-government digital disaster-prevention services using 60MHz band frequencies.

The system has been developed in collaboration with the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), the National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster (NRIFD), the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) and Kogakuin University in cooperation with the International Rescue System Institute (IRS) of Japan.
Tel �+81-42-327-7461
Fax �+81-42-327-6640
Reg. No. 30016
Poster No. D22-104
Name of Organization WORLD CLEAN PROJECT
Title The disaster prevention and calamity rescue operations which a youth considers
Abstract IRN is an organization for hitting exactly and quickly based on exact information gathering on a scale of the earth at disaster rescue operations paying attention to informational importance.

Conventionally, by performing the prevention, the control, and the surveillance which tends to be overlooked, he intends to issue an alarm at an early stage, to start promptly the initial correspondence valued at the time of disaster generating, and to perform an area, the rescue operations from disaster victims' viewpoint, and activity towards restoration, and this IRN is announced this time.
Reg. No. PS023
Poster No. D22-105
Name of Organization Citizens' Disaster Response Center (CDRC)
Title Two decades of continuing service to the vulnerable communities
Abstract Two decades of continuing service to the vulnerable communities CDRC , a non-stock, non-profit, non-government organization, was organized in 1984 as Citizens’ Disaster Rehabilitation Center.� Its formation is a concrete response to the eruption of Mt. Mayon and the occurrence of two super typhoons in Central Luzon and the Visayas.� It was established to respond to the needs of the vulnerable sectors by providing assistance and services to disaster-affected communities and enhancing people’s capacities to cope up with disasters.� CDRC pioneered and continues to promote and implement community-based disaster management (CBDM).

- CDRC caters the following programs and services:� emergency response activities; rehabilitation designed to rebuild people’s livelihood;� preparedness and mitigation program to enhance the capacity of vulnerable communities;� engages in continuing information and advocacy work;� establishes relationships locally and globally.

- Broaden its operations nationwide through the Citizens Disaster Response Network or CDRN, a national network of disaster management centers, NGOs� and people’s organizations.� At present, CDRN is composed of thirteen (13) Regional Centers and scores of people's organizations spread all over the country that continuously implement Community-based Disaster Management framework.
-CDRC has touched the lives of more than three (3) million Filipinos through its programs and services and will continue to serve the people towards attaining a prosperous, humane, better prepared and disaster resilient communities.
Tel 9299822
Fax 9299822
Reg. No. 30019
Poster No. D22-106
Name of Organization center for the prevention of urban disasters
Title Community planning considering disaster prevention, anticrime, and welfare
Abstract Nigata heavy rain , occurred on July 2004, sacrificed just only nursing-needing people mainly including people of advanced age.� The number of authorized nursing-needing people will reach 2 to 3 per the population of 100 in 4 years in Yokohama, Japan.� Almost all of those have difficulties in evacuation with their own helps upon disaster,� In 2002, single-household will top among the form of household in 35 prefectures in Japan.� The number of household of aged couple is increasing simultaneously.� This matter is taking a bad effect on anticrime beause of the increase of home tending to be empty.� The earthquake disaster in Kobe also caused the new disaster called electrical-fire fisaster.� The progerss of declining birthrate and aging of population is takeing a bad effect on inheritance of experience and culture of disaster� It's important to promote city planning considering disaster prevention, anticrime, and welfare in a community.
Tel �+81-45-844-2885
Fax �+81-45-844-2894
Reg. No. 30022
Poster No. D22-107
Name of Organization Citizens towards Overseas Disaster Emergency
Title Activities of CODE
Abstract CODE supports the reconstruction of the disaster stricken area through the lessons of citizen's activities in Kobe after the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake 1995.�� We report our activities, focusing on the cases of Afghanistan and Iran.
Tel +81-78-574-7744
Fax +81-78-576-3693
Reg. No. PS024
Poster No. D22-108
Name of Organization InWEnt gGmbH
Title Best Practice: Disaster Prevention in Mozambique and Southern African Countries
Abstract Disasters in recent years in Mozambique have contributed to severe and very difficult living conditions and heavy constraints on productivity and development. Frequent floods, cyclones, droughts, bush fires, and various epidemics aggravate Mozambique's weak economic infrastructure. Most of these natural disasters don't stop at the frontier of the country, they affect part of or the whole region like floods and droughts. Therefore only a regional concept for disaster prevention will ensure a sustainable and effective disaster risk reduction for the countries in the southern African region.

In partnership with the National Institute for Disaster Reduction� (INGC) and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mozambique and in cooperation with UNDP, InWEnt initiated and currently conducts a major Human Resource Development Programme on "Disaster Prevention in Mozambique and Southern African Developing Countries (SADC)" on behalf of the Federal Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany. The main objective of the first part of the project was to strengthen the institutional capacity of INGC and its cooperating authorities by identifying and tailoring programs for awareness building, knowledge transfer, and skills training. The second phase will extend the project into the SADC region.

The regional expansion will focus on three main objectives: first, the strengthening of the coordination and management capacities in terms of awareness, knowledge and skills; second, to create an open network character of the project as it treats the existing cross-border cooperation and the present information exchange as an extendible structure; and last, the support and strengthening of regional assistance, including early warning systems, mapping risk areas, raising awareness, training rescue teams, technical assistance and logistical resources, as well as a good network of database centres.
Tel 0049-30-254 82 - 117
Fax 0049-30-254 82 - 103
Reg. No. PS026
Poster No. D22-109
Name of Organization InWEnt gGmbH
Title Best Practice: Disaster Prevention and Preparedness in Afghanistan
Abstract Afghanistan is a country very vulnerable to and often hit by natural disasters. Earthquakes, droughts, floods, landslides, sand or dust storms as well as extreme winter conditions and avalanches are major natural hazards that repeatedly affect the lives, property and livelihoods of Afghan people. War and civil conflict during the past two decades have increased the economic, political and social vulnerabilty of the Afghan people to natural disasters.

In consultation with the Department of Disaster Preparedness (DDP) and UNAMA and after careful preparation and analyses including a comprehensive needs assessment analysis and a major planning workshop with DRM (disaster risk management) related national and international representatives, InWEnt initiated and currently conducts a major project on "Natural Disaster Prevention and Preparedness in Afghanistan" on behalf of the Federal Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany. The Federal Foreign Office promotes disaster prevention as part of the Humanitarian Aid in order to contribute to poverty reduction and sustainable development. It intends to enable the Afghan institutions in the current process of reconstruction to establish a network of prevention and disaster management locally and with international cooperation in order to substantially reduce the impacts of natural hazards.

The Capacity Building and Training Programme comprises two main programme lines:
" One focuses on technical and methodological capacities, as well as basic skills
" The other programme line focuses on training introducing the NDMC, as well as management and administration capacity building and training including cross-cutting competences.

The Policy Dialogue Programme includes workshops and conferences with representatives from all Disaster Risk Management related institutions from the national and sub-national level and supports the NDMP, networking and awareness raising.
Tel 0049-30-254 82 - 117
Fax 0049-30-254 82 - 103
Reg. No. 30025
Poster No. D22-110
Name of Organization International People's Forum on Disaster Prevention
Title International People's Forum on Disaster Prevention
Abstract The exhibition of� “the International Forum on 10 Years since 95’s Earthquake” held in December 2004
Tel +81-78-574-0701
Fax +81-78-574-0702
Reg. No. 30033
Poster No. D22-111
Name of Organization Kansai Council
Title Spread of� Return Home Support Station and Showing of Stickers (tentative title)
Tel +81-6-48+81-3-5572
Fax +81-6-48+81-3-5574
Reg. No. PS011
Poster No. D22-201
Name of Organization American Friends Service Committee
Title Disaster Volunteers' Advocacy Work as a Form of Mitigation
The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) began as a response to WWI by conscientious objectors from all backgrounds to war.� First volunteers did ambulance driving, home rebuilding, and maternal childcare in France

AFSC's Emergency & Material Assistance Program is a very modest organizing of volunteers, materials, and monies.� In the San Francisco Center, one of four, we have from five to 100 volunteers per month come into our office to prepare kits or pack supplies.� But we have over 10,000 AFSC supporters in California who respond to calls for relief funds or specific materials - and who take advocacy actions for changes in legislation, practices, and policies.� AFSC advocated for the creation of FEMA after the Mississippi Gulf Hurricane, bringing low-income folk from that region to Congressional hearings on the efficacy of the Civil Defense Office in that disaster.

- AFSC is committed to involving immigrants and refugees in volunteer efforts because long after the relief groups leave, they will continue to be involved in sustainable development through personal connections and remittances.�

- The poster will emphasize the positive role of volunteers in advocating for mitigation steps to lessen the adverse impact of war and disaster on vulnerable populations.
Tel 415-565-0201 extension 12
Fax 415-565-0204
Reg. No. 30009
Poster No. D22-202
Name of Organization Tokyo Portal Site for Civil Emergency Preparedness
Title Tokyo Portal Site for Civil Emergency Preparedness
Abstract Worldwide,large numbers of people die as a result of earthquakes. Many of these lives are lost under buildings which have collapsed during violent tremors, often immediately after the earthquake has happened. These people cannot be saved by even the best post-earthquake emergency rescue efforts. Let's think for a moment about what is the real cause of the problems that we associate with earthquakes.We promote retrofitting, hold a symposium and events, and we propser preventing disaster policies.
Tel +81-3-32+81-3-1697
Fax +81-3-32+81-3-2908
Reg. No. 30023
Poster No. D22-203
Name of Organization Non-Profit Organization Akashi Internet Powers(AIP)
Abstract Since we experienced the most disastrous earthquake on record, i.e. hanshin-awaji earthquake, we had learned that the information sharing was leading to disaster prevention and safety.� Furthermore, we had gotten a new understanding of importance of "Internet", that anyone of citizens could become a sender and simulataneously a receiver ot the information transcend time and space.
Thus, we organized "Akashi Internet Powers" (AIP) in 1997 (now NPO) as a citizen group for "Town making" by using of "Internet".� We conducted a simulated training on sending of the survivor confirmation information, and in Akashi citizen festival, reopened in 2004 after a footbridge accident bringing to 258 casualties of visitors for Akashi-city fireworks display, we offered the disaster provention information by using of the web access function of a portable telephone to roughly 100 thousand of participants.
Tel +81-78-936-5095
Fax +81-78-936-5095
Reg. No. 30014
Poster No. D22-301
Name of Organization NPO e-PISCO
Title The earthquake forecast by the citizen for the citizen based on three methods mainly on the unusual rise of the atmospheric large positive-ions
Abstract NPO e-PISCO (Precursory quake-Information System by Citizen's Observation on Web) is Non Profit Organization established after the Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) earthquake in 1995. Our mission is to realize the earthquake forecast by the citizen for the citizen. There are three main subjects in our earthquake forecast. The first is the observation of atmospheric ions. Before the large-scale earthquake, it is observed atmospheric large positive-ions rise more than 5 times as many as usual. We will record these atmospheric ions with our original instrument at 5 spots in our country at all time. The second is the observation of macroscopic anomalous phenomena. These phenomena are unusual activity of the sky, ground or animals etc. which observed before the earthquake without using precise instruments It is said in Japan "the catfish goes wild before the earthquake". This is one kind of macroscopic anomalous phenomena. The third is the watch the past earthquake activities. Sometimes before the big earthquake a lot of small earthquakes occur. The activity of earthquake once calm down, then suddenly big one occurs. We are observing the scale and interval of each earthquake from the epicenter data from the Meteorological Agency Japan. Our observation results are on our website. These are open to the public and it is possible for anyone to see freely.
Tel �+81-86-256-6468
Fax �+81-86-256-6468
Reg. No. 30024
Poster No. D22-302
Name of Organization Kobe Marine Observatory
Title Activities of the Japan Meteorological Agency on Disaster Prevention
Abstract The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) is responsible for contributing to the improvement of public welfare including natural disaster prevention and mitigation, safety of transportation, prosperity of industires, and international co-operation activities.

The major acitivities are; (i) to issue warnings, advisories and forecasts in short-range, one-week and long-range; (ii) to deal with the global environmental issues such as global warming and ozone depletion; (iii) to provide information on earthquake and volcanic activities.

We will introduce the outline of JMA's activity on disaster prevention.
Tel +81-78-222-8907
Fax +81-78-222-8942
Reg. No. 30030
Poster No. D22-303
Name of Organization cabinet office
Title The Volcanic Hazard Map of Mt.Fuji
Abstract The Volcanic Hazard Map of Mt. Fuji, the largest volcano in Japan, was completed by the Mt. Fuji Disaster Management Conference in June 2004.� In usual, volcanic hazard maps are completed by local governments.� As the eruption of Mt. Fuji may bring disasters to the very wide area, the Volcanic Hazard Map of Mt. Fuji was completed under the cooperation of the central governmental bodies including the Cabinet Office, and the local governments. It is the first case in Japan.
Tel +81-3-3501-5693
Fax +81-3-3501-5199