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Workshops - Exhibitions boths - ECHO good practices - Poster session - Reporting statements - Statistics
Poster session floor plan
   
Reg. No. PS001
Poster No. A19-101
Name of Organization Kyoto University Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies
Title Social Capital, Climate Change and Disaster Management
Rajib Shaw and Yuko Nakagawa
Abstract Rapid industrialization and urbanization, and changing lifestyle and consumption patterns of people have had a serious impact on climate - both directly and indirectly.� These impacts can be seen not only in the cities, but also in rural areas. This is particularly true at the community level, where economic demands of jobs and higher incomes (and reduction of poverty) are difficult to balance with those of environmental protection.� Social Capital, which is defined as a function of trust, social norms, participation and network in the community, can play a vital role in this aspect.

As a consequence of climate change, we are now witnessing a change in the characteristics of natural disasters. To mitigate such disasters, efforts have been made at both government and academic institutions. However, in many programmes and researches, focuses tend to be given on technology and engineering issues, or government policies. If recommendations made are without looking into local socio-economic conditions, they will not have the necessary local impacts which lead to sustainability.

To understand the social capital as the possible missing link of successful rehabilitation after massive disasters such as earthquake, comparative study was conducted in Kobe, Japan (1995) and Gujarat, India (2001).� The study tried to account the difference in rehabilitation performance among communities which were in relatively similar conditions in terms of both physical damages and external supports and found that community's bonding and bridging social capital as well as existence of leadership inside community can be essential factor of successful rehabilitation.

The role of social capital is continuously being studied to account community's resilience to pre-disaster mitigation of other natural disasters. And a case study on flood risk mitigation in Central Vietnam is currently conducted.
Tel 81-75-753-5708
Fax 81-75-753-5708
E-mail shaw@global.mbox.media.kyoto-u.ac.jp
   
Reg. No. PS002
Poster No. A19-102
Name of Organization Kyoto University Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies
Title Community-level Climate Change Adaptation and Policy Issues 
Ayako Fujieda and Rajib shaw
Abstract Rapid industrialization, urbanization, and population growth in the twentieth century have greatly affected the natural environment, the effect of which is seen as climate change regionally and globally.� Available observational evidence indicates that regional changes in climate, have already affected a diverse set of physical and biological systems in many parts of the worlds.

Therefore, it is important to acquire and to enhance rural communities' adaptive capabilities toward climate change for their life-security and development.� Although the initiatives taken by community are essential, focusing on the community itself is not enough.� The community initiatives become more sustainable when government incorporates it into its policies.� The design and implementation of appropriate policies by the government will promote development what is more sustainable and that reduces vulnerability to climate change.���

The research is undertaken in Gujarat state, located in the western part of India, which is prone to drought. The drought, which is the result of a combination of natural factors and man-made factors, is reoccurrence event in this area, but the number has been increased in the last half decades.� Since most people in the rural area of Gujarat have agriculture-based life, they have been greatly affected by recent high frequency of occurrence of drought.�

By identifying the current condition of drought including the pattern, the scale, and the impacts and issues, studying current community initiatives and governmental policies at different level, the interrelationship of environmental impact, the policy and the community level climate change adaptation model are studied.��
Tel 81-75-753-5708
Fax 81-75-753-5708
E-mail axf187@yahoo.co.jp
   
Reg. No. PS004
Poster No. A19-103
Name of Organization UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Title GLIDE: a global identifier for disaster date sharing
Abstract Accessing disaster information can be a time consuming and laborious task. Not only is data scattered but frequently identification of the disaster can be confusing in countries with many disaster events. In order to address this problem, a globally common, unique identification scheme for disasters has been proposed. The initiative was named "GLIDE" for Global IDEntifier.�� The components of a GLIDE number consist of two letters to identify the disaster type (e.g. EQ - earthquake); the year of the disaster; a six-digit, sequential disaster number; and the three-letter ISO code for country of occurrence. So, for example, the GLIDE number for West-India Earthquake in India is: EQ-2001-000033-IND. GLIDE is extensible to support sub-national codes to enable recording at provincial and municipal levels. The GLIDE website, <http://www.glidenumber.net/> has been established as a central repository of GLIDE numbers as well as a reference point for the initiative.�� This session aims to promote the use of GLIDE as a tool for better disaster data accumulation and analysis. As information suppliers join in this initiative, documents and data pertaining to specific events may be easily retrieved from various sources, or linked together using the unique GLIDE numbers.� The GLIDE concept has been discussed under the guidance of ISDR WG3 but the success of GLIDE depends on its widespread use and its
level of utility for practitioners.
Tel 81-78-262-5556
Fax 81-78-262-5558
E-mail odaka@un.org
Website http://www.reliefweb.int
   
Reg. No. 30008
Poster No. A19-104
Name of Organization Ministry of Education,Culture,Sports,Science and Technology
Title Activity of the Headquarters for Earthquake Reserch Promotion
Abstract The outcome of the analysis and evaluation regarding earthquakes, which was released by the Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion of Japanese government, is to be exhibited for the public.
Tel 81-3-6734-4138
Fax +81-3-6734-4139
E-mail abe@mext.go.jp
Website http://www.mext.go.jp/
   
Reg. No. PS005
Poster No. A19-105
Name of Organization Centro de Estudios y Prevencion de Desastres
Title Capacity building to prevent disasters: experiencies of NGO in Peru
Abstract New actors working in prevention and emergencies:

Presence of new international agencies, from 1996 to the date.
Commitment and capacity to concert

New dialogue space in construction:

Experience of coordination with government.
Introduction of Sphere Project develops identity and commits with humanitarian principles.

New focus:

Prevention is responsibility of development agents: government, private companies,� civil organizations, wich must assume analysis of risk and prevention into politicies, plans and investment projects.

Develompmente planning is key to get reasonability at chaotic and quick processes of demographic, urban and economic growth.

In Peru interesting processes have begun with new actors participating in disaster prevention.

a. Educative experiences to incorporate prevention.
b. Experience and participation of children and young in educational processes with prevention focus.
c. Formation of volunteers' brigades for service to community, for watch risks in order to prevent or mitigate.
d. Educative experiencies with vulnerable communties.
e. Systematizing of tradicional practices to prevent and to face disasters in rural andean comnunities.
f. Concertation and coordination process with NGO humanitarian agencies


Gilberto Romero
From:� PREDES
gilberto@predes.org.pe
www.predes.org.pe
Tel 511-2210251
Fax 511- 2220762
E-mail gilberto@predes.org.pe
   
Reg. No. PS006
Poster No. A19-106
Name of Organization Centro de Estudios y Prevencion de Desastres
Title Development and disaster prevention in Peru
Abstract
Development is a continuous process in which all peoples are involved, looking for to get the material and spiritual conditions that make possible its subsistence.

For that reason the a portion of humanity is in permanent competition to obtain earnings and this way to assure the validity of the companies, and consequently for workers that work in them.

Other portion of world population, the poorest in the developing countries, is in another logic: to compete among them to get food every day, that allows them to survive more one day.

Permanent competition without limits among companies and among people, to survive and to be effective, is causing irreversible damages to means of subsistence of the future, for mistaken management of resources (natural, economic, materials, etc.). Evident consequences plows: global change climatic, new illnesses, new technological hazards, acceleration and bigger magnitude of natural hazards already existent, enormous sanitation problems, increment of poverty, etc.

Development pattern that has been imposed in the world, is riskous.

Planning, concertation, agreements among countries and among development agents in each country, to enlarge population's participation in decisions that affect their lives, are instruments that should be used in order to get sustainable development.

Development planning is key to get reasonability at chaotic and quick processes of demographic, urban and economic growth.

Exhibition topics:

a. Experiences on advances in incorporation of analysis of risk in public investment projects in Peru.
b. Experiences on advances in incorporation of prevention focus in strategic development plans in national, regional and local levels.
c. Experiences on advances in use of risk analysis in urban plans and in small cities of rural areas.
Tel 511-2210251
Fax 511- 2220762
E-mail gilberto@predes.org.pe
   
Reg. No. PS007
Poster No. A19-107
Name of Organization Kyoto University Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies
Title Integrate Catastrophic Flood Mitigation Methods into Process of Urban Planning of Hanoi
Hoang Vinh Hung, Rajib Shaw and Masami Kobayashi
Abstract Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam is located in the Red River Delta, and is highly vulnerable to flooding.� The thousand year's history of Hanoi has envisaged building dike system along its rivers, especially Red River, to protect the city from annual flooding.� This dyke system together with many irrigation works for flood prevention has been protecting this city, preventing the occurrence of floods as they have occurred in previous years.� However the actual measures and works are not capable enough to basically eliminate the danger of flood.
Although the probability of occurrence of catastrophic food in Hanoi is low, a number of such events take place every year in different parts of the world cause the very high human and economic losses highlight preparedness to cope with it.� The change of rainfall patterns and drainage system in the city, are among other factors contributing to the possibility of a catastrophic flood in Hanoi.� According to the Hanoi master plan to the year 2020, the city will develop two more new areas near by its riversides.� This means flood vulnerability will increase with the development of Hanoi.� In addition, due to the rare frequency of catastrophic flood, people (even planners) tend to lack of awareness.� Urban planning process was done with little attention to the national strategy of disaster mitigation, especially those are considered rarely occur.

In order to reduce flood vulnerability and toward a sustainable urbanization of Hanoi, it needs to integrate catastrophic flood risk and mitigation methods into urban planning process.� A prior risk assessment and a basic framework for response to mitigate losses will be crucial information to plan the future development of the city.
Tel 075-753-4806
Fax 075-753-4806
E-mail ed.hoang@archi.kyoto-u.ac.jp
   
Reg. No. PS013
Poster No. A19-108
Name of Organization Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF
Title Disaster Database Evaluation and Risk Index Development for Latin America and the Caribbean
Abstract As part of the present study, figures on natural disasters from three different sources were compiled: EM-DAT (worldwide), La Red (18 LAC countries), and CEPREDENAC (Central America). EM-DAT is the only available database covering all countries in LAC.� These sources were compared to each other. Generally, information on a given disaster coincided across the different databases, particularly for events after 1990. However, there is a clear tendency toward underreporting of small- to medium-scale events in individual countries. The presence of underreporting in a number of cases is confirmed by a comparative analysis of disaster losses based on the EM-DAT database and a merged EM-DAT, La Red, and CEPREDENAC database. The different databases show some major divergence in terms of total disaster losses recorded. In the case of Jamaica, e.g. the merged database states a total loss of US$ 11.55 billion while the figures stated in EM-DAT only attribute US$ 3.04 billion. The skewness factor has been determined for all databases. The merging of La Red, CEPREDENAC, and EM-DAT leads to a distortion of the normal distribution for some countries (Peru, Chile, Argentina, Guatemala, and Panama).�� Disaster and risk research to date has often focused on a single characteristic of risk or hazard exposure while largely ignoring the context within which catastrophes could occur. A risk index has been developed in order to evaluate the impact of a natural disaster in a single country. This risk index is defined by the evaluation of the disaster, economic, human development and poverty impact in each country.
Tel +41 - 81 - 417 0201
Fax +41 - 81 - 417 0823
E-mail Dannenmann@slf.ch
Website http://www.slf.ch
   
Reg. No. PS014
Poster No. A19-109
Name of Organization Focus Humanitarian Assistance USA
Title Toward