Protecting Children’s Health in Emergency and Disasters Training

Training Course
Versed Professional Services Limited (VPSL)
16-27 Jan 2017
13-24 Mar 2017
08-17 May 2017
Kenya (Nairobi)

Although many emergencies and disasters are often unpredictable, much can be done to reduce their health impact by reducing the risks and by strengthening the response capacity of communities at risk.

Population growth, expansion into previously uninhabited areas and environmental degradation have all increased the exposure of most countries to natural hazards including cyclonic storms, floods and famine, while exposure to hazards such as earthquakes and tsunamis is ever-present in many regions of the world.

According to the WHO Global Health Survey, the most common types of emergencies in surveyed countries were caused by floods, earthquakes, and severe storms, including snowstorms.

More than half of the respondents did not recognize the near-universal exposure of human populations to technological hazards in the 21st century. This suggests the need to adopt an “all hazards” approach to national health emergency preparedness and response policies and programmes, utilizing generic arrangements that are suitable for any type of emergency or disaster, given the diverse nature of the reported natural hazards experienced in the last


5 days

Intended Audience

The focus of the training will be on training health care personnel (general paediatricians, family and general medicine physicians, other health care professionals – nurses, psychologists, paramedics, technicians, health assistants, nutritionists, social workers and support personnel).

Course Objectives

  • To build the capacity of health care teams taking care of children up to the age of 12, with a special focus on children under 5 years of age, in disaster situations

  • To protect children's' health during emergencies and disasters 

  • To train the target audience in disaster risk reduction, emergency preparedness and response, and recovery strategies for children´s care

Course Content 

Module 1:        

  • Training introduction module

  • Background of the course (role of the professional)

  • Goal

  • Objective

  • Methodology

  • Outcome                       

Module 2: Basic concepts in disaster management

  • Definitions

  • Connection to the focus: children (include examples in each definition) Correlation= examples

  • Classification:

  • Disaster management and Risk management

  • Differences children-adults

Module 3: Disaster impact

  • Public health impact in general: prevalence rate, incidence rate, crude mortality rate, crude fatality rate

  • Public health impact in children: immediate (death, injury, mental health), medium (common illnesses, mental health), long term (nutrition, communicable diseases, disability and mental health)

  • Environmental health

  • Myths and realities

Module 4 – Immediate response

  • Initial assessment

  • Damage and need assessment

  • Emergency health information management

  • Leadership in crisis

  • Coordination and planning

Module 5: Trauma and injury

  • Mass casualty management: pre-hospital, hospital and triage.

  • Search and rescue, evacuation and first aid

  • Immediate Medical Response:

  • General assessment 

  • Paediatric assessment triangle (PAT)

  • Paediatric triage

  • Pre-hospital: Impact zone, advanced medical post,  

  • transport;

  • Hospital triage (re-evaluation)

Module 6:  Communicable diseases

  • Threat of communicable diseases

  • Outbreak, epidemic, endemic, pandemic.

  • Early warning of diseases

  • Outbreak control          

  • Vector control

  • Surveillance

  • IMCI

  • Immunization

Module 7: Mental health

  • Risk factors

  • Vulnerabilities

  • Common psychological impact

  • Interventions

Module 8 : Nutrition

  • Infant and young child feeding

  • Assessment

  • Interventions: Feeding programs

  • Malnutrition and specific defficiencies

Module 9: Neonatal care

  • Prenatal care for pregnant women

  • Recognition of high-risk pregnancy and delivery

  • Labor and delivery?

  • Immediate newborn care
    • Neonatal resuscitation

    • Routine postnatal care

    • Danger neonatal signs

    • Jaundice

    • Febrile neonate

    • Congenital infections

    • Stabilization and transport

Module 10: Children with special needs

  • Disabilities                   

  • Diabetes, epilepsy and asthma

  • School age and adolescents

Module 11: Recovery

  • Lessons learnt

  • Risk reduction

  • Emergency preparedness

  • Capacity building

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Community-based DRR, Health & Health Facilities, Children and Youth
VI Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in the Americas, Cartagena, Colombia 20-22 June 2018 VI Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in the Americas, Cartagena, Colombia 20-22 June 2018.
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