National Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction
The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction encourages the establishment of multi-stakeholder coordination mechanisms for disaster risk reduction, including National Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction, to highlight the relevance, added value and cost-benefit of a coordinated and consistent approach to disaster risk reduction at the national level.
"It is necessary to continue strengthening good governance in disaster risk reduction at the national, regional and global levels and improving preparedness and national coordination for disaster response, rehabilitation and reconstruction...."
"It is necessary to support the implementation, follow-up and review of this framework through “supporting countries, including through the national platforms or their equivalent, in their development of national plans and monitor trends and patterns in disaster risk, loss and impact." (4 8c, p.24, Sendai Framework)
UNISDR, through its regional offices, is supporting the development of new national platforms and coordination mechanisms and facilitates the sharing of good practices at global and regional levels, as well as the exchange of experiences and expertise among national platforms and coordination mechanisms through study tours, twinning experiences and targeted discussions on the occasion of Global and Regional Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction.
Nominations of National Focal Points to Support the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
The UNISDR has invited Governments through official Note Verbale to appoint national focal points to support the implementation of the Sendai Framework, as called for by the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
For more information, please contact unisdr(at)un.org
National Platforms Recognized as Critical Stakeholders as part of the Sendai Framework
The Sendai Framework places strong emphasis on the critical role played by national platforms in supporting the implementation, monitoring and review of the Sendai Framework through effective coordinated action at the national level and linkages with the local level as appropriate, the mobilization of key stakeholders including the private sector, communities and key technical experts in particular in the area of climate change. The Framework also calls for greater investments in National Platform’s work to allow them perform their function effectively and increase their legitimacy and accountability at the national level.
National Platforms Forum at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction
The National Platforms Forum highlighted key lessons learned and good practices from existing National Platforms actively engaged and recognized at country level for their effective disaster risk reduction coordination, implementation and monitoring functions. Building on the outcomes of the Global Review on National Platforms, the consultation identified core requirements to strengthen National Platforms towards the implementation of a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction and provided a set of actionable recommendations to the plenary sessions.
The German Committee for Disaster Risk Reduction (DKKV) is supporting the Government of Kyrgyzstan in setting up their National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction. This initiative comes as a direct follow-up action to implement the outcome of the Global Review of National Platforms. Key UN partners, including UNISDR, are part of DKKV’s selection committee for the initiative. Germany / DKKV was one of the five member countries leading the steering committee for the Global Review.
Updating National Platforms Guidelines – Central Asian Workshop on National Platforms
Thirty five participants from nine countries from Asia and Europe (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Germany, Turkey, Sri Lanka) participated in a meeting of National Platforms in Tblisi, Georgia on 17-19 Feb 2015 and came up with eight recommendations (referred to as the ‘Tbilisi Statement’) that was reported for consideration by global policymakers at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, in Sendai, Japan.
National Platforms Consultation on a Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction at the 2013 Global Platform
UNISDR organized a global consultation of National Platforms and multi-stakeholder coordination mechanisms for disaster risk reduction on the occasion of the 2013 Global Platform (May 2013, Geneva). The consultation welcomed approximately 100 representatives of national platforms and coordination mechanisms. The consultation highlighted a number of good practices and an active exchange of views with concrete recommendations to guide Governments in the process of establishing their national platforms. The meeting also endorsed the outcomes of the Global Review of National Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction.
UK leading a first ever peer review process
The UK Government has become the first country to undergo a peer review to assess its progress in implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action and serves as a model for replication to other countries.
Finland following UK’s peer review model
Finland launches a peer review of its national implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) ON 5 October 2013.
Global Review of National Platforms
The Review of National Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction 2012-2013 is the culmination of a collaborative and voluntary self-review process undertaken by 50 counties. The Review is a response to a recommendation of the Mid-Term Review of the Hyogo Framework of Action 2010-11 to undertake a comprehensive discussion on the role and function of National Platforms up to 2015 and beyond, and provide new guidance on effective national consultative and decision-making mechanisms for disaster reduction at the national level. The findings focus on successes and challenges, proposed improvements, modes of collaboration and the future role of National Platforms. The Review also outlines possible paths for National Platforms beyond 2015 and includes key recommendations that emerged from a National Platforms Consultation on a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction (HFA2) held in the context of the Fourth Session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (19-23 May 2013, Geneva).
Regional Initiatives in Support of National Platforms
HFA Mid-Term Review Recognizes the Role of National Platforms in Disaster Risk Reduction Coordination
The 2010-2011 Mid-term Review of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) recognized that “National Platforms can be an important element of national institutional mechanisms for disaster risk reduction, but the composition and focus of National Platforms vary widely, depending on how they have developed in different country contexts. For example, the participation of civil society and the private sector varies greatly across countries.” The Advisory Group to the HFA Mid-Term Review also recognized that the time was ripe for a comprehensive discussion on the role and function of National Platforms, and for possible new guidance on effective national consultative and decision-making mechanisms for disaster reduction at the national level. (Chapter 5, page 59).
National Platforms for DRR
National Platforms are nationally owned and led multi-stakeholder coordination mechanisms for disaster risk reduction. Governments are strongly encouraged to develop national coordination mechanisms to bring the relevant expertise at country level in support of effective coordination, implementation and monitoring of disaster risk reduction at the national level. As per Priority 1 of the Hyogo Framework for Action, the establishment of a national platform or multi-stakeholder coordination mechanism for disaster risk reduction reflects the commitment of Governments to implement national disaster risk reduction activities while linking up to the local and international efforts. This represents a critical contribution to creating conducive institutional arrangements for effective disaster risk reduction. Governing at the national level.
Guidelines for the establishment of national platforms for disaster risk reduction were developed in 1996 to guide Governments’ steps and action.
National participation is the primary ingredient for regional and international cooperation and is critical for implementing disaster risk reduction policies and measures at the local scale. National Platforms (NP) builds on existing systems relevant to disaster risk reduction and includes representatives from all stakeholders involved, such as government, international organizations, NGOs, academic institutions, the private sector and the media.
- Asia and The Pacific Bangladesh: from cyclones to multi-hazard
- Asia and The Pacific Integrating disaster risk reduction into humanitarian action in Asia-Pacific