Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA)
Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters
The HFA is a 10-year plan to make the world safer from natural hazards.
The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA) is the first plan to explain, describe and detail the work that is required from all different sectors and actors to reduce disaster losses. It was developed and agreed on with the many partners needed to reduce disaster risk - governments, international agencies, disaster experts and many others - bringing them into a common system of coordination. The HFA outlines five priorities for action, and offers guiding principles and practical means for achieving disaster resilience. Its goal is to substantially reduce disaster losses by 2015 by building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. This means reducing loss of lives and social, economic, and environmental assets when hazards strike.
Priority Action 1: Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation.
Countries that develop policy, legislative and institutional frameworks for disaster risk reduction and that are able to develop and track progress through specific and measurable indicators have greater capacity to manage risks and to achieve widespread consensus for, engagement in and compliance with disaster risk reduction measures across all sectors of society
Priority Action 2: Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning.
The starting point for reducing disaster risk and for promoting a culture of disaster resilience lies in the knowledge of the hazards and the physical, social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities to disasters that most societies face, and of the ways in which hazards and vulnerabilities are changing in the short and long term, followed by action taken on the basis of that knowledge.
Priority Action 3: Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels.
Disasters can be substantially reduced if people are well informed and motivated towards a culture of disaster prevention and resilience, which in turn requires the collection, compilation and dissemination of relevant knowledge and information on hazards, vulnerabilities and capacities.
Priority Action 4: Reduce the underlying risk factors.
Disaster risks related to changing social, economic, environmental conditions and land use, and the impact of hazards associated with geological events, weather, water, climate variability and climate change, are addressed in sector development planning and programmes as well as in post-disaster situations.
Priority Action 5: Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels.
At times of disaster, impacts and losses can be substantially reduced if authorities, individuals and communities in hazard-prone areas are well prepared and ready to act and are equipped with the knowledge and capacities for effective disaster management.
HFA Success Stories
|HFA Goal||Featured Success Stories||Location|
Strengthening inclusive DRR in the Dominican Republic
An interagency initiative implemented in the Dominican Republic during 2012-2014 has resulted in the strengthening of community and institutional disaster preparedness in Azua, while ensuring inclusion of groups with specific vulnerabilities, especially women, children, people of Haitian descent and people living with disabilities in disaster risk management (DRM) decision making and resilience building activities.
A metrics system for disaster risk management in Iran’s health system
Iran’s health system has developed and institutionalized a metrics system for disaster risk management that provides policymakers with annual qualitative information on indicators.
Disaster prevention education in Hyogo
Primary schools and junior high schools in Hyogo Prefecture have been promoting disaster prevention education to pass on the lessons learned from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (GHAE) and to help citizens cope with various types of disasters.
Food security and disaster resilience through integrated water resource management
Eco-DRR Strategy in Sudan applies integrated water resource management for achieving both food security and disaster risk reduction.
Australia’s telephone-based National Emergency Warning System, “Emergency Alert”
Australia has successfully implemented a telephone based community warning system that enables its emergency services in any life-threatening situation to send warning messages by fixed line and mobile telephones to the public in the affected area.
Post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction
UNISDR started a process of consultations as the disaster risk reduction community headed towards 2015, the end date of the Hyogo Framework of Action. The image below shows the timeline of activities leading to the adoption of the post-2015 blueprint for disaster risk reduction, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030.
|Hyogo Framework for Action Documents|
|Implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action in Europe: Advances and challenges 2005-2015 SOURCE: COE; ECHO; UNDRR ROE; EFDRR 2016|
|Disaster Risk Reduction Private Sector Partnership: post 2015 framework-private sector blueprint five private sector visions for a resilient future SOURCE: UNDRR; DRR-PSP 2015|
|Global assessment report on disaster risk reduction 2015 SOURCE: UNDRR 2015|