The Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient are developed with the launch of the Campaign in order to accelerate implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030) at local level. The ten Essentials map directly against the Sendai priorities of action and its indicators for monitoring actions on disaster risk reduction. They are the critical and independent steps that need to be undertaken to build and maintain resilience. This document provides the rationale for each Essential, pointing out strategic areas of intervention and identifying key actions. The actions identified under each Essential should be part of the overall disaster risk reduction planning process and influence urban development planning and design.