"City governments should identify and understand their risk, including hazards, exposure and vulnerabilities, and use this knowledge to inform decision making."
Widely communicate and use risk scenario assessments for decision-making purposes, and updating of response and recovery plans.
Many countries, particularly in Latin America, have systems for assessing the impact of disaster risk on productive infrastructure. The UNISDR Global Assessment Report 2011 highlights Peru, which established a pioneering legal requirement that all public investment projects be evaluated for disaster risk. If the risk is not addressed, the project will not be funded. Of the US $10 billion investment approved in 2008, about a half was to be executed by local governments.
Similarly, under its Disaster Risk Management (DRM) framework, the city of Cape Town has established the principle that the Municipal DRM Center be involved in the project review process on all new development projects.
Read more about opportunities and incentives for disaster risk reduction management at: http://tinyurl.com/7sganme and consult Cape Town’s DRM framework at http://tinyurl.com/cw9n22x
Mahila Milan is a women’s group taking leadership roles in informal settlements. The mapping process in Cuttack, India is carried out by community organisations comprised of residents of informal settlements and other districts, through a partnership between local Mahila Milan groups and local slum dweller federations. The data gathered is used to generate digital maps for city authorities and to negotiate support for upgrading or relocating houses, thus reducing disaster risk. This process is applied in all informal settlements and results in an accurate, detailed and disaggregated database on risk and vulnerability for the entire city, showing the boundaries of all informal settlements.
For more information: http://tinyurl.com/7wg3ktd
World Bank, UN-Habitat, UNEP, and Cities Alliance
The World Bank, with UN-Habitat, UNEP, and Cities Alliance, has developed an urban risk assessment framework based on experiences in many cities. The urban risk assessment offers a flexible approach that project and city managers can use to identify feasible measures to assess a city’s risk. The methodology focuses on three reinforcing pillars that collectively help to understand urban risk: a hazard impact assessment, an institutional assessment, and a socioeconomic assessment. The assessment is based on four principal building blocks to improve the understanding of urban risk: historical incidence of hazards, geospatial data, institutional mapping, and community participation. The URA is flexible in how it is applied, depending on available resources and institutional capacity in a given city. Read more at: http://go.worldbank.org/VW5ZBJBHA0