India seeks coalition on resilient infrastructure
Mr. Singh said: "The way we build our infrastructure today will either build risk or resilience for the future generations. We need to bring to bear tremendous foresight and rigour to ensure that all our new infrastructure is built to withstand the hazards of the present as well as the future."
He was inaugurating a two day International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (IWDRI) in New Delhi today attended by disaster risk reduction experts from several institutions and over 20 countries.
The Home Minister cited climate change as a threat to critical infrastructure. “There are parts of the country that are experiencing heavy rain fall and floods in spite of the fact that overall seasonal rainfall is below normal. These changes will pose new challenges for how we design our infrastructure for the future,” he said.
Given that infrastructure systems are inter-connected globally and disruptions in one part of the world could impact another, it was important that all stakeholders came together to address the challenges.
The two-day workshop is organised by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in collaboration with United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
Mr. Robert Glasser, the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction, said the workshop was a chance to examine in-depth target (d) of the Sendai Framework which seeks to “substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030.”
He reflected that 2017 has been another remarkable year for disaster losses and laid bare the fragility of our planet and the built environment in a way not seen for many years.
Mr. Glasser said that the insurance companies estimate that economic losses from last year were the worst in many years. “Preliminary figures indicate that 11,000 people lost their lives and that direct economic losses in the United States alone were over US$300 billion”, he said.
Mr. Glasser said that the pace of urbanization taking place in India and around the world presents an opportunity on a grand scale, to avoid creating new risk and to reduce future losses.
“Resilience has to be embedded in the business planning for new cities and towns given the multitude of risks which can follow rapid urbanization and population growth in disaster-prone parts of the world.”
He concluded by stating that “these two days will also provide valuable input to the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction which takes place in Mongolia this July where we will assess progress on implementing the ambitious Asia Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework adopted in Delhi 15 months ago.” The last Asian Ministerial Conference was hosted by the Indian government in New Delhi in November 2016.
• India is investing trillions to meet the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 when it is expected that over 40% of the population will be living in an urban environment, including 68 cities with over a million residents
• Asia as a whole will need investments of US$ 26 trillion from 2016 to 2030 if the region is to maintain growth, eradicate poverty and respond to climate change.
• This level of investment in urban, land-use and energy systems is not to be undertaken lightly and needs to be risk sensitive.
Underlining the importance of Disaster Resilient Infrastructure, Shri Singh said that it creates opportunities for economic growth and is at the core of sustainable development. As the infrastructure systems are globally interconnected, disruptions in one part of the world can cause havoc in another part of the world. It is, therefore, important that all stakeholders come together to address the challenges and devise solutions to create resilient infrastructure, said Shri Singh.
Reiterating India's commitment towards building resilience and strengthening global cooperation, Shri Singh talked about the Prime Minister's 10-point agenda, outlined during the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) held in New Delhi in November 2016. "It emphasized the need for investing in infrastructure in a manner so that it can withstand hazards not only now but also in the future."
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