Disaster risk management for health: communicable diseases

Disaster Risk Management for Health Fact Sheets:

This fact sheet about communicable diseases in disaster risk reduction for health is divided into four sections: i) Key points ii) Why is this important? iii) What are the health risks? iv) Risk management considerations.

Communicable diseases key points:
-Risks of communicable disease outbreaks arising from natural disasters are fre-quently over- estimated;
-Outbreak potential is related primarily to population displacement and the conse-quent living conditions;
-Outbreaks are less frequent in disaster-affected populations than those affected by conflict;
-Communicable diseases have potential to cause society-wide emergencies such as influenza pandemics;
-The main communicable disease causes of morbidity and mortality in disasters are outlined;
-High vaccine coverage reduces the inci-dence of vaccine preventable diseases;
-Provision of safe drinking water is the most important preventive measure;
-Rapid detection of cases of epidemic-prone diseases is essential to ensure rapid control;
-Management of disease vectors in en-demic areas is required to reduce vector.

The Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction will take place in 2015 The Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction will take place in 2015.
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