This risk profile is currently being updated with new data from the 2013 Global Risk Update.
Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK)
Contact: Senior Advisor
Phone: +49228995503704 +49 172 517 0731
Hyogo Framework for Action
German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV)
Contact: Chief Executive Officer
Phone: +49 22844601827 / +49 228 619-1290 +49-1629097040
Following the launch of the IDNDR in 1990 the Federal Foreign office took the initiative to motivate different civil society actors to come together to establish a National IDNDR Committee.
At the end of the decade, the United Nations appealed to member states to establish organizations for disaster risk reduction or to support any existing national and international committees and organizations. Germany, which held the European Union Presidency at the time, drafted the EU position on the institutional framework for the continuation of international efforts for disaster risk reduction, and thus conveyed its member countries’ plea for the United Nations to continue to steer international processes and to uphold a separate secretariat for disaster risk reduction in form of what was to become the ISDR secretariat. This was later established through the ECOSOC-Resolution 1999/63 and the General Assembly Resolution 54/219.
As logical consequences to its international efforts, Germany subsequently created in 2000 the German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV) as a successor arrangement for the German IDNDR Committee. In Germany, there was a clear consensus among all stakeholders that activities with regard to disaster reduction should be continued. The Federal Foreign Office as main donor to the work of the German National Platform ensured their continuing support. Thus, the Committee was able to continue its activities without any interruption. The structure remained the same. The name was changed from “German National IDNDR Committee” to “German Committee for Disaster Reduction”
The DKKV is a registered non-profit association under private law. The structure of DKKV provides a number of possibilities for information exchange, decision making processes and joint member initiatives:
DKKV is directed by an Executive Board, currently chaired by Gerold Reichenbach, Member of Parliament. Composed of ten representatives of DKKV member organizations it meets 4-5 time per year.
- Its members discuss and take strategic decisions with regard to work plan implementation and on future strategic orientations of DKKV.
- The Executive Board is supported by a Scientific Advisory Board and an Operating Advisory Board. The Scientific Advisory Board and the Operative Advisory Board meet twice a year each. Members exchange information on on-going and upcoming initiatives. Out of members of these two boards temporary working groups are established to provide expertise and joint comments on defined areas of interest of DKKV.
- A Secretariat with 7 staff members coordinates the different activities of the Committee and ensures the flow of information among network members and with other national and international partners.
- The Member Assembly is the main body of the association and meets at least once a year. The assembly elects the Board of the Committee and is the decision making body for longer term strategic decision making and legally binding agreements.
It currently has 37 voluntary committee members and about 20 long-term guest members from the area of policy, administration, science, the media, private sector and aid organizations.
Core funding for DKKV and its activities is provided through a membership fee. As key contributor to ISDR processes, the biggest share of project funding is provided by the Federal Foreign Office. DKKV also receives various types of financing tied to specific projects and limited in duration and scope. The DKKV is also entitled to accept tax-deductible donations, as it has been certified as a non-profit organization.
The DKKV is designated by the German Government the National Platform for disaster reduction. It also serves as the German Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) focal point institution. As such it serves as focal point and information hub for organizations and initiatives involved in disaster reduction and promotes the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action. It is also a center of expertise in all matters relating to national and international disaster reduction issues. The Committee’s headquarter is in Bonn, located amidst the German and several international development Institutions.
In November 2010 ICSU nominated DKKV as National Commission in Germany for the ten years programme International Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR).
Contribution to UNISDR processes and initiatives
The Committee continues to provide substantive input to UNISDR processes and initiatives. It proactively facilitates the participation of German DRR stakeholders and organizations in international DRR initiatives and meetings, including thematic platforms. It also served as a partner for the UNISDR secretariat by implementing a review of National Platforms funded by the German Government. The DKKV has a proactive role in coordinating the consultations for the new HFA. Within the process of developing a new HFA the DKKV has a consulting role for the German Government. Also funded by the German Government is DKKV initiative to conduct a feasibility study regarding the coordination activities of National Platforms in high-risk countries concerning preparedness and prevention. Furthermore DKKV has issued a study in cooperation with the United Nations University, Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), focussing on root causes of disasters.
DKKV is a staunch supporter to promote the concept of National Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction at global and regional level, and DKKV is the chair of the European Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction (EFDRR) Working Group on DRR and CCA.
Linking DRR and climate change
DKKV is an official partner to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Nairobi Work Programme. DKKV participated as National Platform at COP 19, and prepared a paper on loss and damage issues.
In addition to the update of the National Report on the implementation of the HFA and active contribution to the process, DKKV contributed to the Midterm Review and Global Assessment Report.
At national level, DKKV participates in the development of the German National Adaptation Plan. DKKV also organized several workshops and other meetings to discuss climate change and disaster risk reduction. DKKV is involved in proposals on transnational and European level. The main role of DKKV will be to cooperate with other National Platforms from European countries in order to make best use of knowledge, experience, and networks of different National Platforms and to strengthen cross border cooperation.
Founding member of a European network of National Platforms for DRR DKKV has been stressing the importance of networking. International networks provide the basis for concerted action, at various national levels, across national boundaries. This approach has led to various project initiatives on the European level.
Improvement of disaster management
Conceptual enhancement of disaster management has been identified by DKKV members as core for the integration of DRR. This includes analysing relevant topics, both national and international, and developing concepts in topic areas. The DKKV is currently implementing a study on lessons learned in regarding response activities in relation to the flooding Germany faced in June 2013. The study is focussing on response strategies of governmental authorities, local authorities, relief organisations and civil society.
The DKKV has been cooperating with the German Federal Foreign Office in preparing the “Principles and Recommendations on Preparedness”. As a result, the DKKV prepared a questionnaire in order to identify the preparedness and stand-by capacities of German relief organisations working overseas. The results from the questionnaire will support the initiative of the German Federal Foreign office for improved quality of foreign aid.
Since the UN announced the World Humanitarian Summit for 2016, the DKKV is involved in the preparation of the Summit. As part of the thematic group: Reducing vulnerability and managing risk, the DKKV will contribute to the final documents of the summit.