Belarus

This country is covered by UNISDR's Europe office.

This risk profile is currently being updated with new data from the 2013 Global Risk Update.
Belarus has a National Platform

Focal Points

National Platform, Hyogo Framework for Action

Ministry for Emergency Situations

Website: http://112.by
Contact: Head
Phone: +375 17 2037850

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Institutional Structure / National Platform Description

Activities
Principal tasks:

  • development and implementation of legal and economic norms for the protection of population and territories from emergency situations;
  • realization of targeted and scientifically- technical programmes, aimed at the prevention of emergency situations and elevation of stability of operation of organizations and social facilities in emergency situations
  • ensuring of preparedness for actions of management bodies, forces and funds which are assigned and allocated to the prevention and elimination of emergency situations;
  • creation of republican, sectoral, territorial, local and site-level reserves of material recourses for elimination of emergency situations
  • collection, processing, exchange and delivery of information in the field of protection of population and territories from emergency situations;
  • prepare the population to act in emergency situations;
  • prediction and assessment of the social-economic consequences of disasters;
  • implementation of the state examination, supervision and control in the field of protection of population and territories from emergency situations;
  • elimination of emergency situations;
  • implementation of measures for the social protection of the population affected by emergencies, carrying out humanitarian activities;
  • realization of the rights and obligations of the population in the area of protection from emergency situations, as well as those who are directly involved in the elimination of such situations;
  • international cooperation in the field of protection of population and territories from emergency situations;
  • planning and realization of the complex of measures for protection of population and territories from emergency situations;
  • organization and realization of measures of preparation for carrying out activities of civil defense;
  • operational delivery to state bodies, other organizations and the population of warning signals and information about arising emergency situations, procedures and rules of conduct in such situation;
  • monitoring and prediction of emergency situations.

Principal Direction of Activities:
Ministry for Emergency Situations

  • realization of the state policy in the sphere of prevention and elimination of emergency situations of natural and man-made disasters, including organization of activities for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations, coordination the activity of the republican bodies of state government, local executive and administrative bodies to ensure the functioning of the State System of Prevention and Elimination of Emergency Situations (further - SSES);
  • organization and realization of measures of preparation for carrying out activities of civil defense;
  • development of state programs for the protection of population and territories from emergency situations, prediction, prevention and elimination of such situations;
  • coordination on functioning of the monitoring and forecasting system of natural and man-made disasters in the Republic of Belarus;
  • arrangement of warning managing staff, regional and sectoral subsystems of SSES, commissions for emergency situations and population about appeared accidents, disasters, natural hazards and information about the elimination of the consequences of such situations;
  • elaborate proposals to the Council of Ministers about the financing from national budget activities for prevention and elimination of emergency situations, creation and use of material values, available in the state material reserve, for elimination of emergency situations;
  • organization of state supervision in the sphere of protection of population and territories from natural and man-made disasters, state supervision and control in the field of nuclear and radiation safety, state supervision in the field of security transportation of dangerous goods, state fire supervision, state supervision over the protection and use of the territories affected by radioactive contamination, state supervision of industrial safety;
  • approval or agreement of norms, standards and regulations on the protection of population and territories from emergency situations;
  • organization of special training for managerial personnel of coordinating authority and managing bodies of emergency situations, emergency rescue services, training the population over the ways of protection and actions in emergency situations, control over the creation of material reserves;
  • organization the elimination of accidents and natural disasters, fire control and people rescue;
  • participation in carrying out aerial prospecting of places of emergency situations, providing immediate transportation of forces and material resources, necessary for conducting works for elimination of emergency situations and evacuation measures, execution of search and rescue activities;
  • registration and account potentially dangerous objects and industries in the Republic of Belarus;
  • state registration of nuclear materials, sources of ionizing radiation, radioactive waste and the control over their safe maintenance, transfer and disposal.

Ministry of Internal Affairs

  • maintenance of public order in emergency situations, the organization of cordon and pass control zones of infection (destruction), safeguard of the material and cultural values in emergency situations, as well as personal property in the areas of temporary resettlement;
  • participation within the competence, in elimination of emergency situations, evacuation of population and material, cultural values to safe areas, the realization of safeguard of facilities for the sustainable economic functioning.

Ministry of Public Health

  • organization and supervision of the sanitary-epidemiological situation in the country;
  • prediction and evaluation of the medical-sanitary consequences of emergencies with participation of the Ministry of Emergency Situations;
  • prediction and evaluation of the sanitary-epidemiological situation in the emergency zones, the development and implementation of anti-epidemic measures;
  • preparedness of medical organizations to provide medical assistance for people affected by emergencies;
  • preparedness for public health organizations for the prevention of iodine with the threat or occurrence of radiation accidents at nuclear facilities;
  • creation of medical equipment and medicines needed for emergency response;
  • coordination of the evacuation of the injured and sick persons from areas of emergency;
  • collection, compilation, analysis and presentation data about injured and sick persons in emergency zones to agencies of control for emergency situations;
  • observations, analysis and evaluation of the condition and changes of the sources of emergencies (infectious disease and epidemics), predicting their occurrence within the framework of the system of monitoring and forecasting of natural and man-made disasters;
  • participation in the development of methodological foundations of education and training of the population to provide the necessary assistance to injured people in emergency situations;
  • creation and implementation of measures with the aim to prepare activities dedicated to civil defense;
  • maintenance in constant readiness forces and means of surveillance and control within the network of observation and laboratory monitoring of civil defense;
  • establishment and organization of functioning sectoral subsystem of SSES.


Ministry of Foreign Affairs

  • promotion in the development of international relations in the field of prevention and elimination of emergency situations, mutual assistance in case of accidents, catastrophes and natural disasters;
  • ensuring interaction with foreign countries in the field of provision of international humanitarian assistance to populations affected by emergencies, and for evacuation of citizens of the Republic of Belarus from crisis zones abroad;
  • supervision of the execution of international agreements in the field of prevention and elimination of emergency situations;
  • assistance in obtaining information about the extent and consequences of emergency situations in the territories of neighbouring states.

Ministry of Communications and Information

  • provision in the prescribed manner of communication channels to organs of management of SSES;
  • provision, in priority, to the Ministry for Emergency Situations, commissions of emergency situations, the necessary communication channels to transmit operational information in emergency situations and during carrying out rescue and other emergency operations;
  • provision in the prescribed manner the operating and maintenance of the centralized notification and communication system of national, regional and local levels for their sustainable operation;
  • maintenance in constant readiness of freelance emergency rescue and recovery departments (emergency repair teams), intended for the repair work at the facilities of communication;
  • organization and implementation of measures to prepare for the activities of civil defense;
  • establishment and organization of functioning sectoral subsystem of SSES.

Ministry of Agriculture and Foodstuffs

  • organization of interaction with the local executive and administrative bodies on issues of epizootic, phytopathological and poison control, elimination of epizootic and epiphytoties, radiation pollution control of agricultural land, raw materials and products, and the management of agricultural production in the conditions of radioactive contamination, implementation of measures to prevent and eliminate emergency situations in subordinate facilities;
  • observations, analysis and evaluation of the condition and changes of the sources of emergencies (epizootic, fires, explosions or crashes with the release of highly toxic substances at hazardous production facilities, the accident at the treatment plants, hydraulic failure, dangerous hydrological phenomena, fires in natural ecosystems), predicting their occurrence in the monitoring and forecasting of natural and man-made disasters;
  • prediction and evaluation of emergency situations on subordinate facilities, epizootic situation in emergency zones;
  • conduction research for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations in agriculture;
  • realization of the complex of measures to ensure uninterrupted operation of reclamation facilities in emergency situations;
  • organization and implementation of measures in the field of preparation for the activities of civil defense;
  • maintenance in constant readiness forces and means of surveillance and control within the network of observation and laboratory monitoring of civil defense;
  • establishment and organization of functioning sectoral subsystem of SSES.

Ministry of Forestry

  • prediction the possibility of uprising of emergency situations in the forests of the Republic of Belarus;
  • organization and provision of measures to prevent emergencies involving fires in the forests, as well as the massive spread of pests and diseases of forest vegetation;
  • prediction and evaluation of the situation in fires in the forests, forest pathology situation in the areas of emergency;
  • coordination of the local executive and administrative bodies on the organization of fighting forest fires, as well as during the fire-related emergency response;
  • observations, analysis and evaluation of the condition and changes of the sources of emergencies (fires in natural ecosystems, loss of forest by pests and diseases), predicting their occurrence within the framework of the system of monitoring and forecasting of natural and man-made disasters;
  • organization and implementation of measures to prepare for the activities of civil defense;
  • maintenance in constant readiness forces and means of surveillance and control within the network of observation and laboratory monitoring of civil defense;
  • establishment and organization of functioning sectoral subsystem of SSES.

Ministry of Transport and Communications

  • organization and implementation of measures for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations at subordinate facilities;
  • observations, analysis and evaluation of the condition and changes of the sources of emergencies (traffic accidents with dangerous goods during their transportation by vehicles of subordinates (affiliated) organizations), predicting their occurrence within the framework of the system of monitoring and forecasting of natural and man-made disasters;
  • prediction and evaluation of emergency situations at subordinate facilities;
  • provision of prior transportation of forces and resources needed to carry out work on the emergency response and evacuation measures;
  • maintenance in permanent readiness specialized associations branches intended for elimination of emergency situations;
  • arrangement of transportation of dangerous goods (except the department of "Belavtodor");
  • organization and implementation of measures of the preparation for holding activities devoted to civil defense;
  • maintenance in constant readiness forces and means of surveillance and control within the network of observation and laboratory monitoring of civil defense;
  • establishment and organization of functioning sectoral subsystem of SSES.

Ministry of Finance

  • ensuring the financing of activities devoted to prevention and elimination of emergency situations on republican and trans-boundary scale, finance assistance to affected population and organization according to the state legislation.


Ministry of Industry
Ministry of Energy

  • observations, analysis and evaluation of the condition and changes of the sources of emergencies (fires and explosions at dangerous industry facilities, accidents at the treatment facilities, electrical power system and life support systems, traffic accidents with dangerous goods, fires in natural ecosystems, hydrodynamic accidents), predicting their occurrence in the monitoring and forecasting of natural and man-made disasters;
  • organization and implementation of activities for the prevention and elimination of consequences of emergency situations in subordinate organizations;
  • carrying out search-and-rescue operations, reconstructive and other pressing work by forces of sectoral specialized subdivisions, search and rescue services;
  • maintenance in permanent readiness for actions sectoral specialized subdivisions, search and rescue services intended for elimination of emergency situations;
  • organization and implementation of measures of the preparation for holding activities devoted to civil defense;
  • maintenance in constant readiness forces and means of surveillance and control within the network of observation and laboratory monitoring of civil defense;
  • establishment and organization of functioning sectoral subsystem of SSES;
  • organization and carrying activities for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations at power plants, fuel industry, gas industry and gas-main pipeline.

Ministry of Defense

  • participation in elimination of consequences of emergency situations by military units of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus in accordance with the plans of interaction;
  • maintenance in readiness for actions subdivisions allocated from formations and military units for elimination of emergency situations;
  • planning, organization and carrying out activities of the local defense;
  • arrangement operations for elimination of emergency situations related to storage, maintenance, transportation of arms and military equipment and neutralization of ammunition;
  • ensuring radiation, chemical and biological (bacteriological) conditions control in the areas of location of the facilities of the Ministry of defense;
  • ensuring the participation of the military- transport aviation in delivery forces, means and material resources to the regions of emergency;
  • realization operations devoted to search and rescue of crews and passengers of aircrafts which are in distress;
  • realization of the emergency -recovery works on the railway tracks, track facilities and other railway facilities according to the respective plans;
  • participation in carrying out first-priority work devoted to the elimination of the consequences of natural and man-made disasters at other facilities of the Republic of Belarus.

Ministry of Architecture and Construction

  • supervision and control of adherence to the requirements of technical normative cited acts by designing and building of facilities;
  • organization and implementation of measures of the preparation for holding activities devoted to civil defense;
  • establishment and organization of functioning sectoral subsystem of SSES;
  • participation in developing the methodology of implementation of calculation of the damage and the need for material and technical resources at carrying out rescue and emergency –repair operations for the elimination of emergency situations;
  • organization and implementation of measures for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations at facilities that are part of the sector;
  • coordination and management of reconstructive works in the areas of emergency;
  • maintenance in constant readiness for actions sectoral specialized formations, indented for the elimination of emergency situations;
  • participation in the emergency-reconstructive operations for the elimination of the consequences of emergency situations.
  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection
  • organization and monitoring the condition and pollution of the environment, including during emergency situations;
  • organization and implementation of state control in the field of environmental protection, including during emergency situations;
  • observations, analysis and evaluation of the condition and changes of the sources of emergencies (accident with emission (threat of emission) of radioactive substances and environmental pollution, hazardous meteorological and hydrological phenomena), predicting their occurrence in the monitoring and forecasting of natural and man-made disasters;
  • organization and participation in the work devoted to classify certain parts of the territory to the areas of environmental risk;
  • participation in the development of measures for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations;
  • maintenance in constant readiness forces and means of surveillance and control within the network of observation and laboratory monitoring of civil defense;
  • organization and implementation of measures of the preparation for holding activities devoted to civil defense;
  • establishment and organization of functioning sectoral subsystem of SSES;
  • informing the population and republican bodies of state government about the condition of the environment;
  • taking measures of indemnification for the harm caused to the environment as a result of emergency situations;
  • organization and realization of operational control and forecasting over the areas of distribution of radioactive and chemical contamination in emergency areas.

Ministry of Education

  • organization the training of students and pupils devoted to the basics of life safety in emergency situations.

State Committee on Science and Technology

  • organization and coordination of conduction the scientific research in the interests of improving and developing SSES.


State Committee for Standardization

  • organization the elaboration of technical normative cited acts in the field of fixing of output rates and standardization devoted to the prevention and elimination of emergency situations;
  • realization of state control and supervision of compliance with the technical regulations for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations;
  • establishment and maintenance of the state standards base and transmission system of units of measure to ensure control over the parameters of radiation, chemical and biological conditions, as well as other parameters that determine the extent of emergency situations.

Committee for State Security

  • revelation of plans, intentions and concrete actions of criminal groups and individuals over the realization of acts of terrorism and information about them in the prescribed manner;
  • realization within the limits of authority activities for ensuring security in terms of emergency situations;
  • ensuring the participation of forces and resources of bodies of state security of the Republic of Belarus in investigating the causes of man-made disasters.

Ministry of Housing and Communal Services

  • organization of interaction with the local executive and administrative bodies in solving problems related to the training unemployed people for actions in emergency situations;
  • realization of activities aimed at protecting the population from the consequences of accidents and disasters, natural and environmental disasters;
  • observations, analysis and evaluation of the condition and changes of the sources of emergencies (accidents with the emission of highly toxic substances at the facilities, accidents at the treatment plants and systems of life support, hydrodynamic accidents), predicting their occurrence in the monitoring and forecasting of natural and man-made disasters;
  • maintenance in constant readiness sectoral forces and means for action in elimination emergency situations;
  • participation in the emergency-reconstructive operations for the elimination of the consequences of emergency situations.
  • realization of activities for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations at the facilities which are the part of sector;
  • organizations of life sustenance for affected populations;
  • organization and implementation of measures of the preparation for holding activities devoted to civil defense;
  • maintenance in constant readiness forces and means of surveillance and control within the network of observation and laboratory monitoring of civil defense;
  • establishment and organization of functioning sectoral subsystem of SSES;
  • development of methodology for calculation of the damage and the need for material and technical resources at carrying out rescue and emergency –repair operations for the elimination of emergency situations.

Ministry o Labour and Social Protection

  • elaboration of proposals in the area of social protection of the population affected by emergencies with the participation of interested republican bodies of state governance.


Belarusian Republican Unitary Insurance Company "Belgosstrakh"

  • insurance payments according to the facts of the damage caused to juridical and physical person as a result of an emergency situation for insurance contracts concluded by the Belarusian Republican Unitary Insurance company "Belgosstrakh".


State Customs Committee
State Border Committee

  • assistance in the implementation of international treaties and agreements on cooperation during occurrence of trans-boundary emergency situations and humanitarian assistance;
  • provision in the established order of prior customs clearance and free admission of humanitarian aid at checkpoints across the state border.


Ministry of Trade
Belarusian Republican Union of Consumer Societies

  • organization of provision the affected population with food products and manufactured goods of prime necessity;
  • provision of emergency supplies of building materials, tools and equipment for elimination of emergency situations (Belarusian Union of Consumer Societies);
  • organization and implementation of measures of the preparation for holding activities devoted to civil defense;
  • establishment and organization of functioning sectoral subsystem of SSES.
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Country Information

Population:
9.7 million
GDP 2007:
20.5 billion USD

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