Bosnia and Herzegovina

This country is covered by UNISDR's Europe office.

This risk profile is currently being updated with new data from the 2013 Global Risk Update.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has a National Platform

Focal Points

National Platform, Hyogo Framework for Action

Ministry of Security

Website: http://www.msb.gov.ba
Contact: Assistant Minister, Head of Protection and Rescue Sector
Phone: +387 334 927 37 +387 611 031 01

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Institutional Structure / National Platform Description

History

2004
Civil Protection Sector of the Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina was founded in 2004. In accordance with the article 14, line 7 of the Law on Ministries and other Administrative Bodies of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the area of protection and rescue, Ministry of Security is authorized for:

  • Execution of international obligations and cooperation in civil protection execution,
  • Coordination of activities of Civil Protection Administrations of Entities in Bosnia and Herzegovina Brcko District and needs in case of natural or other disaster that affect Bosnia and Herzegovina,
  • Passing protection and rescue programs and plans.


2008
Delegates to the House of Peoples of the Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina, at the session dated May 16th 2008, passed the Framework Law on Protection and Rescue of People and Material Goods in case of Natural or other Disasters in BH, which defines protection and rescue of people and material goods in case of natural or other disasters in BH, implementation of International obligations and cooperation in implementation of protection and rescue, i.e. civil protection, as well as the responsibilities of the Institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and coordination of activities of Institutions and Bodies of BH, Entity Civil Protection Administrations and competent body for civil protection of Brcko District. The Law came into force on 1 July 2008.

This Law prescribes founding of Operational - Communicational Centre of BH and introduction of the system of Single Emergency Call Number 112 within the Ministry of Security BH. Operational centres of other institutions and bodies of BH, as well as the centres of Brcko District, are connected to the Operational-Communicational Centre.

Operational - Communicational Centre of BH was formed and put into function in January 2010.

In order to implement the Framework Law on Protection and Rescue of People and Property in case of Natural or other Disasters in Bosnia and Herzegovina ("Official Gazette of BH" No. 50/08), the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina, formed the Inter-departmental Working Group for the Development of Risk Assessment Regarding Natural and Other Disasters in Bosnia and Herzegovina consisting of representatives of State and Entity ministries, the Public Safety Department of Brčko District and experts from various fields of governmental and non-governmental sector and civil society. When recommending experts, the care was taken that their expertise matches types of hazards listed in the Methodology for Risk Assessment regarding Natural and Other Disasters in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which defined guidelines and was a baseline document for development of the Risk Assessment of Bosnia and Herzegovina Regarding Natural and Other Disasters.

The development of Risk Assessment Regarding Natural and Other Disasters in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a condition for development of the Plan of Protection and Rescue in Bosnia and Herzegovina and development of the Protection and Rescue Development Program. Drafting the Risk Assessment created a document that encompassed the whole territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina because until now only partial assessments were created for the territory of entities, cantons and municipalities.

The Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina conducted Five Planning Conferences for the development of the Risk Assessment of Bosnia and Herzegovina regarding Natural and Other Disasters.

Risk Assessment of Bosnia and Herzegovina regarding Natural and Other Disasters was passed by the Council of Ministers on 18 April 2012.

Article 13 item g) of the Framework Law on Protection and Rescue of People and Property in Case of Natural or other Disasters in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH Official Gazette No. 50/08), stipulates that the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina passes the Protection and Rescue Plan of the Institutions and Bodies of Bosnia and Herzegovina in case of natural or other disasters. Article 14 item c) stipulates that the Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina develops and proposes the Protection and Rescue Plan.

Protection and Rescue Plan shall achieve the following main objectives:

a) determining of organization, engagement and activities of the protection and rescue system, tasks and competences of manpower and necessary resources; measures and procedures for conduct of protection and rescue activities in case of natural or other disasters, i.e. for improvement of planning quality and enhancement of preparedness for natural and other disasters;

b) determining of guidelines for development of protection and rescue plans in entities and Brčko District of BH.

The Methodology for the development of the Protection and Rescue Plan adopted by the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina on 30 August 2012.

Protection and Rescue Plan is under development.

Structure

Based on authorizations prescribed by the Law, Regulations on internal organization of the Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina define the following organization of the Protection and Rescue Sector:
• Department for International Cooperation and Coordination
• Department for Strategic Planning and Protection and Rescue Measures
• Department for Structure and Training.
• Operational - Communicational Centre of BH

At lower levels of Civil Protection and Rescue organization, Entity Civil Protection Administrations (Civil Protection Administration of Federation BH Civil Protection Administration of Republic of Srpska) and Department for Public Security of Brcko District BH (Civil Protection Service) are organized and operational.

Aims

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, there is need to build platforms for disaster risk reduction at the national level in order to systematically decrease various risks, through all economic and social activities. Also, the risks arising from the new developments should be clearly recognized and in advance taken into account.

Disaster Risk Reduction must be part of the strategy of development of the community and involve the knowledge and experience of individual sectors and ensure a multi-sectoral approach, further work should ensure that all subjects at all levels in the country take over their responsibilities, tasks and duties in the systematic disaster risk reduction.

Activities

Based on the proposal of the Protection and Rescue Sector of Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in May 2012 the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted the Information about the Establisshment the Disaster Risk Reduction Platform of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina tasked the Ministry of Security to establish, in cooperation with relevant Entity and Brcko District Institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Disaster Risk Reduction Platform as a permanent forum for the exchange and provision of opinions, proposals and achievements contributing to disaster risk reduction in all areas of human activities.

The First Conference of the Disaster Risk Reduction Platform of Bosnia and Herzegovina was held on 25-26 March 2013, in the Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo.

The First Conference of the Disaster Risk Reduction Platform of Bosnia and Herzegovina will gather the representatives of the protection and rescue structures in BH, governmental bodies, scientific and academic institutions, private businesses, NGOs, local communities, international and regional organisations, as well as numerous representatives of the media.

In accordance with the Draft Agenda, the First Conference of the Disaster Risk Reduction Platform of Bosnia and Herzegovina shall begin in the morning of the Day I with the Opening Ceremony and two sessions: “Disaster Risk Managing” and “Reducing Risk of Dangerous Natural Phenomena”. The Day II of the Conference shall start with “Sectors and DRR Session”, along with discussions on presented topics.

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HFA Progress Reports

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Other Policy, Plans & Statements

Policy & Plans

Official Statements & Presentations

Other Development Reports

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Country Information

Population:
3.9 million
GDP 2007:
7.0 billion USD

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