Local Government Profile

Bangkok, Thailand  
RoleModel Bangkok
Size
1,568.737
Population
5,702,595
Hazard Types
Flood
Name of Governor
M.R Sukhumbhand Paribatra
  • M.R Sukhumbhand Paribatra

  • Hazard and vulnerability profile

  • Due to rapid urbanization of Bangkok, waterbody such as ponds, wells, canals, and ditches were filled up and replaced
    by buildings and other structures. This often caused flooding and became a severe problem accordingly. The major
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    flooding in Bangkok in the past were in the years 1942, 1975, 1978, 1980, 1983, 1995, and 1996. Flooding in the year
    1983 was considered the most severe and caused great damage which cost around 6,600 million baht
    The causes of flood are as follows:
    - Heavy rainfall in short period of time results in inability to immediately drain water from roads, lanes and
    houses causing temporary flooding.
    - Run-off from the northern and eastern parts flowing through Bangkok due to the slope of ground level. This
    mostly causes flooding problem in the eastern part of Bangkok
    - Excessive run-off from the North and Chao Phraya River Basin flowing through Bangkok to the sea causing
    overflow and flooding in the area.
    - The effect of high tide from the sea which occurred in the same time of excessive run-off from the North
    through Bangkok causing high water level in Chao Phraya river.
    - Land subsidence due to pumping of large amount of underground water which makes the area subside to the
    level lower than mean sea level causing difficulty in draining of inundation.
    - Insufficient drainage system

  • Disaster Risk Reduction Activities

  • Four giant drainage tunnels project

  • Disclaimer

  • The documents have been posted as received. The designations employed do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory or area, or of its authorities.