Local Government Profile

Makati, Philippines  
RoleModel Makati
27.36 km2
Hazard Types
Earthquake, Flood, Land Slide
Name of Mayor
Jejomar Erwin S. Binay, Jr.
  • "We in Makati have long been taking steps towards disaster risk reduction. We know that advance planning and preparation is the best way to minimize, if not totally eliminate, the impact of disaster on members of our communities and our properties." Jejomar Erwin S. Binay, Jr.

  • Hazard and vulnerability profile

  • One of the risks faced by Makati City is the occurrence of earthquake. Located at the eastern portion of the city is the West Valley Fault System which transects five of Makati's 33 barangays, namely, West Rembo, East Rembo, Comembo, Pembo and Rizal.
    According to the Metro Manila Earthquake Impact Reduction Study (MMEIRS), when a magnitude 7.2 earthquake occurs, Makati would suffer human casualty of about 2,300 deaths and 7,700 injuries, 9,200 heavily damaged buildings and 16,500 partially destroyed, maximum of 53 hectares of burnt out area and displacement of 156,000 people.

    Former tidal flats are also located at the western portion of Makati. Nine (9) barangays are flood-prone which includes Barangays Kasilawan, Singkamas, Tejeros, La Paz, San Antonio, Sta. Cruz, Palanan, San Isidro and Pio del Pilar. Three barangays are also identified to be near the course of Pasig River - Guadalupe Viejo, Tejeros and Valenzuela.

    In addition, the City faces the potential of liquefaction and landslide.

  • Disaster Risk Reduction Activities

  • Located in heart of the National Capital Region of the Philippines, Makati City is home to the vibrant and bustling central business district, housing the top corporations in the country, and making it the Financial Capital of the Philippines.

    In 2006 then Mayor, now Philippine Vice President, Jejomar C. Binay Sr. established the Makati Command, Control and Communication (Makati C3). It oversees the City’s Emergency Operation Centre for incident monitoring, service unit coordination, integration and resource mobilization, and delivers efficient and timely medical, public safety and protection and technical rescue services.

    When it was first established, Makati C3 was under the leadership of then Councillor, now Mayor, Jejomar Erwin S. Binay Jr. At the time, the city established a 3-digit access # 168 dedicated to emergencies, which is managed by the Emergency Operations Centre. The system combines Makati City’s ample assets with Barangay resources to address emergency situations and/or disasters, and facilitates networking and partnership among government agencies, NGOs and private entities. Currently, Makati C3 has trained personnel that serve as call-takers, dispatchers, technical support, administrative support staff and trainers operating in 3 shifts ensuring 24 hour service.

    Over time, Makati C3 improved its technical offerings, by upgrading the Geographic Information System and video surveillance equipment, through which mobile/patrol units, ambulances, fire trucks and rescue vehicles (installed with GPS device) can be tracked on to monitor real time via Auto Vehicle Locator System. Makati C3 also enhanced its personnel and operational capabilities and standards through international engagements with organizations such as the ASEAN, INSARAG, and UNDAC. Strong linkages were also established with National, Regional, Local, and Non-Governmental organizations as well as the private and business sectors.

    A Radio Dispatch System was also used for monitoring, coordination and dispatch of resources via a radio integrator consoles. The operation also incorporates a video surveillance system deployed strategically in the major thoroughfares of the city. Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Capacity Building programs for the barangays and other stakeholders are also implemented to build safe communities.

    Within the City, Makati C3 also participates in the conduct of risk sensitive land use planning and Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Capacity Building programs for the barangays and other stakeholders in its mission to create safer and disaster resilient communities. As part of its commitments, Makati supports many other cities and municipalities through its services and aims to set up a national training centre.

  • Role Model in Applying the Ten Essentials
    • Essential 1

    Essential 1: Put in place Organisation and coordination

    The City Government established and institutionalised the
    Makati City Disaster Coordinating Council (MCDCC) as a
    specialised task group for the coordination of disaster
    reduction policies and strategies between the national and
    regional levels and the city level. MCDCC also serves as a
    policy decision-making body for DRR-related activities. MCDCC
    is composed of different City offices and departments from
    key sectors such as environment, physical, social, peace and
    order and representatives from the national agencies and nongovernment
    organisations (NGOs). Parallel to MCDCC, the
    Barangay Disaster Coordinating Council (BDCC) for each
    barangay was established as the implementing arm of MCDCC
    at the community-level.

    • Essential 2

    Essential 2: Assign a budget for DRR

    As mandated by the Local Government Code of 1991 (RA
    7160) the City Government allots 5% of its total annual fund
    for calamity. From 2010 onwards, the City Government
    optimises the said fund to be used for disaster preparedness
    and risk reduction in addition to disaster response and postrecovery
    initiatives. In addition to the City fund, the barangays
    were also mandated to allot 5% of their annual fund for the
    same purpose. Similarly, barangays were encouraged to
    optimise the available fund for risk reduction and disaster
    preparedness particularly the capacity and competency
    building for BDCC personnel, rescue teams, and residents.

    • Essential 4

    Essential 4: Invest in and maintain critical infrastructure that
    reduces risks

    Land improvement projects such as concreting of roads and
    drainage improvement are 100% completed. Relatively,
    regular maintenance and improvements of roads including
    clearing of sagging and entangled telecommunication cables in
    major roads as well as regular cleaning of the drainage system
    through dredging and declogging are being undertaken by the
    City’s Department of Engineering and Public Works in
    collaboration with the Department of Environmental Services
    and the barangays (communities). Schools, hospitals, flood
    control facilities and other critical infrastructure are also
    assessed in terms of safety and efficiency.

    • Essential 5

    Essential 5: Assess the safety of all schools and health

    Members of the Makati Emergency Management System
    spefically the Makati Health Department (MHD), Ospital ng
    Makati (city hospital), Makati Rescue, Department of
    Engineering and Public Works (DEPW) were assigned to assess
    the safety of health facilities and schools using the Safety
    Hospital Philippine Indicators formulated by the national
    government in relation to the ISDR Campaign for Safe
    Hospitals and Schools. The MHD has also been requested to
    coordinate with the private hospitals and other health
    facilities based in Makati to undertake the said assessment
    while the Department of Education-Makati (DepEd-Makati)
    was assigned to spearhead the assessment of school buildings
    and facilities in coordination with the MEMS members.

    • Essential 6

    Essential 6: Apply and enforce realistic, risk-compliant
    building regulations and land use planning principles

    As part of its mandates, the Department of Engineering and
    Public Works (DEPW) through its Office of Building Official
    (OBO) conducts annual inspections of buildings and facilities
    within the City to ensure strict compliance with the National
    Building Code. The Zoning Division of the Urban Development
    Department (UDD), on the other hand, handles the
    implementation of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP)
    and Zoning Ordinance to ensure compliance of new and
    existing establishments before issuance of locational

    • Essential 7

    Essential 7: Educational programmes and training on DRR are
    in place in schools and local communities

    Climate change and disaster risk reduction have been
    integrated in the school curricula at the elementary and
    secondary levels. Intensive awareness drive on disaster risk
    reduction and preparedness were also being undertaken at
    the community level especially for those who are staying at
    home and out-of-school youth through various IEC
    (Information Education Campaign) activities using existing
    media such as television, radio, newspapers, and brochures.
    Likewise, quarterly disaster drills and simulated activities are
    conducted in schools and barangays for disaster preparedness.

    Some educational programmes and training conducted are as

    a. Module on Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation and
    Disaster Risk Reduction for Elementary and Secondary

    b. Proper Handling and Chemical Safety Seminars for Teachers

    c. Earthquake and Fire drills for students and building
    occupants held every quarter

    d. Training on First Aid application and Basic Life Support for
    Barangay Rescue Teams and volunteers

    e. Planning and disaster management staff trained in risk
    sensitive land use planning

    • Essential 8

    Essential 8: Protect ecosystems and natural buffers to
    mitigate floods and other hazards

    Intensive IEC (Information Education Campaigns) activities on
    proper solid waste management, climate change, GHG
    reduction, and energy efficiency are being undertaken to
    encourage the people of the City's thrust in reducing the
    impacts of climate change and natural disasters in the City.
    Projects implemented are:

    A. Proper Solid Management

    - Barangay Solid Waste Segregation and Resource
    Recovery Program

    - Organisation of the Junkshop Owners Association

    - Organisation of the students group called the “ANGELS”
    (Agents of New Generation Environment Lovers and
    Saviors) club

    - Establishment of MRFs (Material Recovery Facilities) in
    all 38 public schools

    - 3Rs in Christmas – recyclables turned into novelty items
    and Christmas decors in partnership with the League of
    the Communities, private and public schools, and
    livelihood cooperatives

    - Makati City Weekend Waste Market in partnership with
    the Philippine Business for the Environment, various
    recycling companies, Ayala Foundation Inc., and
    Department of Environmen and Natural Resources

    - Community-based Recyclables Market

    - Nutrition and Health Early Education Program in West
    Rembo – use of recyclables as tuition fee for barangay
    day care center pupils

    - Poblacion Barter Project: Recyclables-to-Goods –
    exchange of recyclables to grocery goods such as coffee,
    milk, sugar, and shampoo

    - House to house Garden Waste Shredding for Composting
    at Barangay Forbes Park

    - SWM seminars and orientation to different sectors such
    as transport groups, market vendors, and funeral parlor

    - Formulation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management

    B. Energy Efficiency

    - Energy Efficiency Program for City-owned buildings and
    facilities (change to energy efficient lights, basic energy
    conservation measures, HPS streetlights coupled with
    energy saving schemes)

    - Shift to Energy Efficient Lights Program for 12 Markets in
    partnership with Philips Company

    - Promotion of Energy Efficient Lights through
    briefing/orientation on Climate Change Impacts and

    - Memorandum of Mutual Cooperation with the Philippine
    Green Building Council for the advocacy on improved
    indoor air quality, water efficiency, promotion of energy
    efficiency and conservation, establishment of solid waste
    management practices, advance eco-friendly site
    developmeny, and further utilisation of green materials
    in all phases of the building construction

    - Memorandum of Cooperation toward an Energy Efficient
    City with Greenpeace, Ayala Foundation Inc., Makati
    Commercial Estate Association (MACEA), and Ayala Land

    C. Urban Greening

    - Citywide tree planting

    - Roadside planting of ornamental species

    - Urban Renewal Projects along Pasig River

    D. Adoption of Envi-Friendly Technologies

    - Promotion of E-Jeepneys

    - Rainwater harvesting at the Makati Park and Garden
    Plant Nursery

    E. Climate Change and GHG Reduction

    - Distribution of IEC Material re: Climate Change in
    schools, communities, and business and commercial

    - Seminar for City Government personnel and other
    sectors on the effects of climage change and measures
    on how to reduce GHG emissions

    - Clean Cities Advocacy Program: Annual Tigil Buga Activity
    – one mintue engine shut-off in 8 strategic points in

    - 30 Second Bio-fuel Cinema Ad in collaboration with Ayala
    Cinemas, Market Market, SM Mall of Asia, and SM

    - Observance of Earth Hour

    - Strict implementation of the Anti-Smoking and Anti-
    Smoke belching ordinances

    - Approval of the Ordinance Regulating the Use of
    Groundwater in Makati City Providing Penalities for

    • Essential 9

    Essential 9: Install early warning systems and emergency
    management capacities

    The City established its Makati Command Control and
    Communication Center (Makati C3) to serve as liaison
    between national government agencies and the communities
    for early warnings and emergency responses prior, during, and
    after disasters. Capacity enhancements of the Makati Rescue
    personnel on basic life support and emergency response and
    rescue as well as disaster drills and simulated activities held in
    schools and barangays are conducted regularly to ensure
    preparedness in time of disasters.

    • Essential 10

    Essential 10: Ensure that the needs of the survivors are in

    The City Government has delegated its engineering and
    environment departments to assist in the clearing and
    cleaning of affected areas within the City together with the
    barangays. Sidewalk recovery operations and waterways
    declogging are being undertaken by the City’s Department of
    Environmental Services for faster receding of floodwater. The
    Social Welfare Department, on the other hand, ensures that
    there is enough food, medicine, and other support
    mechanisms for the affected residents. Assistance such as
    food, water, and medicine supplies were also provided by
    various partners such as the private companies, foundations,
    religious groups, and individuals. Lastly, the Makati Emergency
    Management Services System (MEMSS) provides a standard
    approach on health and emergency management to address
    medical and related emergencies and takes a great part in
    disaster risk management. Public schools and facilities are
    also used as evacuation centers for the affected families in
    case of floods and other disasters.

    Various stakeholders in the community will be tapped such as
    the barangay leaders, NGOs, private and business sectors,
    academe, research institutions, national government agencies,
    youth, and volunteer experts from different fields.

    Initially, the following institutions have been tapped by the
    City Government to participate in the formulation of the City's
    Climate Action Plan through the Climate and Disaster
    Resilience Initiative (CDRI) Capacity Building Program
    organised by ISDR, CITYNET, Kyoto University, and TDLC:

    A. Private Sector: Manila Water, Ayala Land Inc., and Ayala
    Properties Management

    B. Non-Government Organisation: Ayala Foundation,
    Earthquakes and Megacities Initiative (EMI)

    C. National Government Agency: Metro Manila Development
    Authority (MMDA)

    D. Academe: Department of Education-Makati (DepEd-Makati
    and Makati High School

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  • The documents have been posted as received. The designations employed do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory or area, or of its authorities.