Local Government Profile

Mexico City, Mexico  
RoleModel Mexico City
1,485 km²
Hazard Types
Earthquake, Flood, Land Slide, Volcano
Name of Mayor
Miguel Angel Mancera Espinosa, Mayor of Mexico City
  • Miguel Angel Mancera Espinosa, Mayor of Mexico City

  • Hazard and vulnerability profile

  • Located in the centre of the country, Mexico
    City lies atop of a high altitude plateau 2,240
    metres above sea level. Towering high
    above the city’s southeast side are two
    active volcanoes: Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl. The surrounding valley, known as the
    Valley of Anáhuac, is a lake basin with no natural drainage outlet for the waters that flow
    from the mountainsides, making the city vulnerable to flooding. While not on or near any
    fault line the City is situated in a very active seismic zone and is extremely vulnerable to

    The 1985 earthquake, which measured 8.1 on the Richter scale, caused the deaths of
    about 10,000 people and caused serious damage to the Mexican capital; thousands of
    buildings were flattened and a quarter of a million people lost their homes. Health facilities
    were especially hard hit, with many hospitals and clinics destroyed. Nearly one-fifth of the
    schools in the city were destroyed or seriously damaged as well as water, electrical and
    telecommunications systems.

  • Disaster Risk Reduction Activities

  • To prepare for future disasters, Mexico City installed a public earthquake early warning
    system in August 1991 – the Seismic Alert System or Sistema de Alerta Sísmica in
    Spanish – that provides alerts through media outlets and Internet applications when an
    earthquake is detected. The system is capable of generating warning signals of about 60
    seconds when detecting strong earthquakes occurring 280 km away.

  • Disclaimer

  • The documents have been posted as received. The designations employed do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory or area, or of its authorities.