Local Government Profile
"Our engagemangement in the Making Cities Resilient Campaign gives us a great opportunity to further develop our efforts to reduce disaster risk."
Hazard and vulnerability profile
The municipality's risk analysis identified these particular risks in Jönköping:
Storm with a social disruption
Extensive flooding after rainfall
Contagious disease (pandemic)
Sabotage of critical infrastructure
Extensive releases of hazardous substances in Lake Vättern
Emissions of toxic liquefied gas in urban areas
Storm, lightning, blizzards and floods may affect communities hard. In recent years Sweden has suffered a series of storms to record levels in terms of rain and snow. Every year there are floods that damage and threaten to damage property, transport routes and vulnerable infrastructure.
Jönköping topography consists of large height differences. The many valleys and fault escarpments mean that the municipality can be easily be affected by climate-related events. The city's location on the lake and its lake system increases the risk of flooding due to increased water levels. Strong northerly winds can push water into the Munk Lake by the harbor channel and raise the water level. The entire Vättern lakeshore also makes the municipality susceptible to erosion, especially Domsand in Bankeryd, Rosenlund bank and embankments for the European highway E4 north of a lake.
In Jönköping erosion, landslides and mud flows and gully development are examples of natural processes that may cause harm to people, buildings and property. According to surveys, there is a risk of landslides in rock and soil slopes in more than 30 locations in the municipality. The landslide can cause damage to buildings, roads and people. Risky rock slopes are primarily found in Huskvarna, Gränna and Norrahammar, and earth embankments at Rosenlund Bank and in Domsand.
Severe storms affect southern Sweden regularly. Jonkoping is subject to frequent strong gusts as low pressure passes from the west. The storm Gudrun in 2005 meant a major impact on electricity supply and telecommunications as well as buildings and roads. Another weather-related scenario that could cause great damage to the particular power supply is a so-called ice storm, a weather phenomenon in which large amounts of freezing rain that freezes on particular lines.
International terrorism poses a threat to basic values of society, to human life or health of key functions. Terrorism is now a threat that all countries must deal with to a greater or lesser degree, as well as the risk of other types of antagonistic actions of individuals and groups within the organized and serious transnational crime.
Emissions of hazardous substances means that toxic, corrosive, flammable, explosive or otherwise dangerous chemicals leaked or are at risk of leaking. There are several major transport routes that go through the city. Transport of dangerous goods, which run on both roads and railways, involves risks of accidents with possible catastrophic consequences. Most commonly, the emissions occur during transport or transfer, at a terminal. An estimated transported 2700 tons of dangerous goods per day within the municipality. There are also a few industries that handle hazardous chemicals in larger quantities. The most common chemicals found in the emissions are fuel and other flammable liquids. Toxic liquefied gases may be at a discharge causing major impact on people in a relatively large area. Various hazardous chemicals, including oil products, can cause great damage to life in rivers and drinking water.
Accidents involving transports loaded with dangerous goods, such as flammable materials, could mean an outflow of the lake. Since the 26 rivers which flow into the lake crossed by roads, there is a risk that water quality in the lake can be affected by an accident, even if the accident occurs outside the municipality.
Disaster Risk Reduction Activities
Risk mitigation, floods, erosion, landslides and mud flows
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