Local Government Profile
Hazard and vulnerability profile
Dordrecht is located in a single dike ring area, designed to withstand a once in 2000 years water level. The dike ring area Island of Dordrecht is identified as one of the most risky areas in the Netherlands. If flooding would occur water depths may rise, within 9 hours, up to 1.5 to 3.0 meters. The flood extent depends on where the dike breaches. If a breach occurs in the east, then the entire city may become inundated, resulting in 5 billion euro damage, 100000 affected persons and 500 fatalities. The City is unlikely to recover and re-establish its function after such a flood. Flood hazards for Dordrecht are characterized by a short lead and warning time. Residents who cannot evacuate themselves or who are not properly informed and warned are most vulnerable to such events. The city’s poor would have difficulties to adapt and rebound after a flood.
Disaster Risk Reduction Activities
Policy and investment programmes for Multi Level Safety and Climate Adaptation: City Programme Water, 2 regional pilots in the national Delta Programme. 1) Protection: taking measures to reduce the frequency of floods.. We will focus our investment plans on dike strengthening to avoid breaching of segments that are most significant for fatalities, damage and disruption, rather than on heightening the entire dike ring; 2) Prevention: using spatial planning and adapting buildings to reduce the consequences of floods, particularly for our unembanked areas and to protect critical infrastructure nodes and networks; 3) Preparedness: improving organizational preparation, such as emergency plans, risk maps and insurance.; 4) Emergency relief: a new strategy to become self-reliant and evacuate and assist specific communities on the Island, rather than from the Island; 5) Recovery and lessons learned: mitigating impacts on affected communities and undertaking surveys; consider rapid recovery in current infrastructure and urban development planning.
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