Local Government Profile
Hazard and vulnerability profile
Flooding has been a regular occurrence in Kuala Lumpur whenever
there is a heavy downpour, especially in the city centre and
Heavy down fall of rain and storm will also cause minor land slide,
(though there is no major ones) occurrences due to earth movement s
at slope and causes felling of trees.Kuala Lumpur experienced the last major flooding was on the 10 June 2007, the rest were mostly
streets flooding. Heavy down fall of rain and storm will also cause minor land slide, (though there
is no major ones) occurrences due to earth movement s at slope and causes felling of trees.
Kuala Lumpur also encounter minor earthquake tremors due to earthquakes in neighbouring
countries e.g. Indonesia.
Disaster Risk Reduction Activities
In general the government has put in place since the 1990s, policy, infrastructure and
operational mechanism that transcend from the national, state and district levels to ensure
the cohesive participation and involvement of various government agencies and nongovernment
sector in addressing disaster management.
We have set up a special committee in monitoring development on potentially occurring
disaster at the Federal Territory level.
Policy involving communities to participate in disaster awareness programs such as Standard
Operating Procedure (SOP) under the National Security Instructions No 20 for disaster
mitigation and relief under the National Security Council (Prime Minister Department)
Federal Government have disbursed a budget of RM2 Billion in commissioning SMART
TUNNEL to alleviate one third of the flooding in the city and its conurbation
Another RM140Million was disbursed in securing and maintaining flood retention ponds and
main drains in strategic location to overcome flooding in the city
City Hall Kuala Lumpur has allocated a yearly budget of RM40 Million for maintenance and
cleansing of rivers and main drain in the city.
An allocation of RM300Million to carry out river cleansing and beautification under the
Economic Transformation Programs (NKEA) - Greater Kuala Lumpur initiatives.
Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction into all policies, development and land use plan.
Example The Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020, the Kuala Lumpur City Plan and the National
Haze Action Plan.
To protect critical facilities and to reduce damage to lives and properties, the city should
strictly enforce land-use zoning and plans, building codes, and safety standards. Sectoral
development plans (health, tourism, water resources, environment, industry, etc.) should
incorporate DRR elements.
All schools and health facilities are located in safe areas out of disaster prone occurrences.
Majority of schools are being used as disaster relief centres (flooding)
Awareness programs (disaster relief) for school children are regularly being run in the school, as
part of the school curriculum
All health personnel are currently and continuously being vaccinated and undergoes regular
emergency drills and preparedness.
Implementation of revised building code in compliance to the requirement of the Certification
of Completion and Compliance (CCC). Implemented in 2009
Mapping out Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESA) in accordance with the Geo-science
Department findings to protect and properly manage areas that are environmentally sensitive
Prepared in 2009
Adopt the concept of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) in the
development plan since 2009.
Protect against development via control land use development, development intensity and
implementation via land use zoning, plot ratio controls and environment
Protection from hazard risks such as erosion and land slide were highlighted in our development
plan, i.e. Environmentally Sensitive Areas are mapped out as one of guiding plan.
Land-use zoning and plans, building codes, and safety standards are clearly define in our
development plans, guidelines and building by laws (e.g. The Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020 and Kuala Lumpur City Plan).
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