Local Government Profile
Melaka - Malaysia
 
 
Datuk Seri Haji Mohd Ali bin Mohd Rustam, Chief Minister of Melaka
MAYOR
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Website of the city : www.melaka.net/index.htm
Size : 1,650 sq km sq km
Population : 0 - 33,300
Hazards : Earthquake, Flood, Land Slide
ROLE MODEL CITY

Environmental-friendly Flood Control

HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY PROFILE
Flooding has been a regular occurrence in Melaka whenever there is a heavy downpour, especially in the city centre and downstream areas.
Melaka experienced the last major flooding was on November 2006, the rest were mostly streets flooding. Heavy down fall of rain and storm will also cause minor land slide, and damaged small houses especially near the shore. Melaka also encounter minor earthquake tremors due to earthquakes in neighbouring countries e.g. Indonesia
DISASTER AND RISK REDUCTION ACTIVITIES
Risk reducing organization and coordination in place
In general the government has put in place since the 1990s, policy, infrastructure and operational mechanism that transcend from the national, state and district levels to ensure the cohesive participation and involvement of various government agencies and non-government sector in addressing disaster management. We have set up a special committee in monitoring development on potentially occurring disaster at the State level. This committee has a meeting four times a year. Policy involving communities to participate in disaster awareness programs such as Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) under the National Security Instructions No 20 for disaster mitigation and relief under the National Security Council (Prime Minister Department)

Budget assigned
Government has disbursed a budget of RM56 million in river embankment projects to alleviate the flooding in the city, upstream and downstream area. Another RM32 million was disbursed in building, securing and maintaining flood retention ponds and main drains in strategic location to overcome flooding.

Risk assessment prepared
Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction into all policies, development and land use plan. Example The Melaka Structure Plan 2020 and the National Haze Action Plan. To protect critical facilities and to reduce damage to lives and properties, the city should strictly enforce landuse zoning and plans, building codes, and safety standards. All development plans (health, tourism, water resources, environment, industry, etc.) should incorporate river and drainage regulations.

Investment in risk reducing infrastructure
• Melaka River Embankment Projects RM56 million completed in 2010
• Future river embankment projects estimated 1.856 billion
• Continuous implementation of river maintenance program (river cleansing)
• Increase flood mitigation program through regionalize and rationalize our rivers

Safe schools and health facilities All schools and health facilities are located in safe areas out of disaster prone occurrences. Majority of schools are being used as disaster relief centres (flooding) Awareness programs (disaster relief) for school children are regularly being run in the school, as part of the school curriculum. All health personnel are currently and continuously being vaccinated and undergoes regular emergency drills and preparedness

Risk-compliant building regulation and land use applied
Implementation of revised building code in compliance to the requirement of the Certification of Completion and Compliance (CCC). Implemented in 2009 Mapping out Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESA) in accordance with the Geo-science Department findings to protect and properly manage areas that are environmentally sensitive areas. Protect against development via control land use development, development intensity and implementation via land use zoning, plot ratio controls and environment Protection from hazard risks such as erosion and land slide were highlighted in our development plan, i.e. Environmentally Sensitive Areas are mapped out as one of guiding plan. Land-use zoning and plans, building codes, and safety standards are clearly define in our development plans, guidelines and building by laws (e.g. The Melaka Structure Plan 2020)

Education programmes and training in place
Successful implementation of various drills (disaster relief, terrorist attack, major catastrophe) conducted under the auspicious of the National Security Council implemented at every level (district, state and National)

Ecosystems and natural buffers protected
• Providing more open space and green area in the city (green and blue network plan). Melaka targets to increase its public parks and open spaces to 10% of the total land area.
• Requirement for Environmental Impact Assessment for all larger projects
• Minimum 10% open space allocation for new projects (planning standards, dated 2004)
• Development of a pedestrian friendly street network and green pedestrian network as means of promoting healthy living (also cater for the needs of the aged and the handicapped.
• Mapping out environmentally sensitive areas (ESA) in accordance with the Geo-science Department findings to protect and properly manage areas that are environmentally sensitive areas.

Early warning systems installed
- Early warning water level system has been installed for flood mitigation
- Early detection and warning for safety of property and removal of moveable assets.
- Preparation a store to keep food and goods for flood victims necessity
- Preparation of relief centres for evacuees
- Monitoring of environmental qualities in anticipitation of violation of standards and danger level are being done continuously through permanent monitoring station