Local Government Profile
Johannesburg - South Africa
Executive Mayor Mpho Parks Tau
Website of the city : www.joburg.org.za
Size : 644 km2 sq km
Population : 2011 - 3,200,000
Part Of : Gauteng
Hazards : Wild Fire, Tornado, Heat Wave, Flood
Communities in informal settlements are the most vulnerable to many of these physical risks, but proximity to certain installations or hazards also exposes other communities to risks.In terms of capacity to address and therefore reduce risks, there currently is a strong emphasis on preparedness and response planning. This means that capacity and planning in terms of mitigation and prevention should be strengthened.Substantial growth in the number of informal settlement in the City has been observed. The influence of poverty, rapid population growth, unsafe building practises, lack of infrastructure and accessibility places theses communities at threat risk of disasters. Emergency shelter and water supply in crises is of great concern. The City of Joburg has identified and prioritised key risks/hazard types and vulnerabilities which requires urgent atention.Increase in Heat-Related Deaths, Energy Demand, Water Demand (within the CoJ) and Biodiversity Impacts on Disease Vectors (Health Risks). Urban Flood Risk – Damage to Water Supply & Sanitation Infrastructure, Damage to Property,Personal Injury and Impacts on Livelihood, Increased Road Accidents and Traffic Congestion, Urban Flood Risk to Electrical & Telecom Infrastructure, Disruption to Water Security (arising from outside the CoJ. Among others, of more concern is the City's vulnerability to floods and flash floods. The Climate Change-related vulnerability stems from the fact that several of the systems considered most likely to be impacted upon by climate change are already severely stressed under existing climatic conditions. This is particularly true for the City's stormwater infrastructure – of the ten Action Level A-rated risks; four are related directly to the threat of an increase in urban flooding. It is the existing strain on the stormwater infrastructure that potentially gives rise to the greatest cause for concern.
The City´s focus of prevention is on disaster reduction through infrastructure engineering, design and planning as well as to ensure energy and water supplies, and to educate the public about warning systems and predictions of the hazards and vulne