Local Government Profile
Chitwan District - Nepal
Uddab Prasad Timalsena, Local Development Officer
[…] Livelihood improvement of vulnerable communities helps building resilience to hazard stresses and disaster shocks. Integration of development and DRR is foundation to sustainable development and disaster resilient societies. We should integrate development and DRR in local to national level planning so that it reduces disaster risks and prevents development failure. Participation in the UNISDR Campaign puts the district a step ahead in this regard
Website of the city : wikitravel.org/en/Chitwan
Size : 2.218 km2 sq km
Part Of : Nepal
Hazards : Drought, Epidemic & Pandemic, Flood, Land Slide, Storm Surge
There has been assessment of existing and potential hazards in village development committees and municipalities in the district. The assessment identified flood, drought, landslides, wildlife intrusion particularly in crops and livestock, and fire as major prevailing hazards. Water induced hazards have caused major disasters events in the past. As dry periods are extending longer in the recent decades, increasing population is on stress of water shortage for drinking and domestic use as springs and dig wells dry off in some locations. Due to erratic rainfall pattern in recent decades likely impacts of climate change combined with increased population demanding more water, shortage of water happens even during monsoon period particularly for irrigation.
In order to reduce disaster risk of the district and improve livelihood of the vulnerable communities to increase resilience, it has been developed institutional setup at district and village level, awareness campaigns, school programs, early warning systems, watershed management activities, infrastructures to reduce hazard strength, and enabled professionals in the organization to understand disaster management. The coordination with line agencies and CSOs are strengthened to work jointly to develop integrated programs for multiple risks. District level policies and approaches have been modified from rescue and relief to total disaster management. With these efforts DRR activities are decentralized to VDC and community level and integrated into regular development planning of VDCs. Approaches have now become proactive from reactive in the past. Community capacity to reduce disaster risk due to multiple hazards has been increased. The awareness and the focus of stakeholders (particularly political parties) has been increased and contributed to minimize losses.