At the Second Conference on Early Warning (EWC II) in October 2003, in Bonn, Germany, Parties called for an internationally coordinated programme approach to early warning. They agreed to develop an international platform to support that programme. It was also agreed that the programme should provide leadership to all elements of a global early warning system.
The following five key focus areas for action at the international level were identified by the Conference:
- Better integration of early warning (and related disaster risk reduction and management) into development processes and public policies
- Improved data availability for investigating, forecasting/predicting and managing risks on different time scales
- Improved capacities and strengthened early warning systems, particularly in developing countries
- Development of people-centred warning system
- Mechanisms for sustaining the early warning dialogue and supporting the development and implementation of a programme
Less than three years later, in January 2005, the International Early Warning Programme was lauchend at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.