Cluster 4:
Reducing the underlying risk factors
Lead Agencies:
- United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
- World Health Organization (WHO)
- United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD)
Closing statements
Discussion paper
Panel Report
Date: 18 January 2005
Time: 13h00-115h00
Venue: Kairaku room
Chair: H. E. Laszlo Borbely, Minister delegate for the Coordination of Public Works and Territory Management, Government of Romania
Rapporteur: Prof. Ian DAVIS, Cranfield University, UK
Dr. Rocío Sáenz
Minister of Health, Costa Rica
Mr Yong Sung Park
Chairman of the International Chamber of Commerce and Chairman of Doosan Heavy Industries Co. Ltd. (Korea)
Prof. Tsuneo OKADA
Prof. Emeritus, Tokyo University, Director General of the Japan Building Disaster Prevention Association
Director of DEPI, UNEP: Pre-disaster / Environmental issues
  Dr. Wilfried KREISEL
Director of WHO Kobe Centre (WKC): Health issues
  Mr. Kazunobu ONOGAWA
Director of UNCRD: Community-based Disaster Managemen
  Mr. Amod DIXIT
Secretary General of NSET, Nepal: Non-engineered technology
  Ms. Jamilah MAHMOOD
MercyMalaysia, Civil society and gender issues, Malaysia
Session 4.1
Health and risk reduction
Session Report
Date: 19 January 2005
Time: 12h00-14h00
Venue: Nunobiki room
Organizer: - World Health Organization (WHO)
- International Council of Nurses (ICN) in collaboration with the Japanese Nurses Association
- Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Health Canada

The Session will provide a forum for discussion, exchange views, identify gaps, promote good practice and forge partnerships to help governments reach agreement on risk reduction processes in the health sector, which are vital to people's wellbeing as well as to economic and social systems. Risk reduction processes in the health sector also contribute to health equity and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Key in this process is the activation of partnerships.

Brief overview: The session aims to:

  • Draw attention to the fact that suffering and ill-health are serious consequences resulting from lack of disaster preparedness and effective response, that prevention of disability, suffering and death due to disasters is a fundamental goal for all health actors (government, non-government, in-country, regional, global) and that effective risk reduction measures reduces mortality and morbidity related to disasters.
  • Highlight issues of governance and institutional and policy issues. To this end, experts from Health Canada will present an inter-operational approach to health emergencies while respecting jurisdictional differences and priorities to enhance the capacity of local authorities to prepare for and respond to emergencies by fostering operational bridges based on shared principles, guidelines and operating procedures.
  • Seek optimal strategies for restoring people's health after disaster. To this end, international experts in the field of nursing will focus on the immediate as well as long-term impact of disasters on people's physical and mental health.
Agenda: Brief presentations on a) the vital importance of risk reduction in the health sector, b) how this can be done and c) what strategies can be adopted to make it work, will be followed by an interactive debate on ways to help cope with and manage threats, with an emphasis on national capacity at the country level, to ensure critical gaps in health response are rapidly identified and filled and to revitalize and build capacity of health systems for preparedness and response.
Chair: Dr. Rocio Saenz, Minister of Health Costa Rica
  Dr David Nabarro
Representative of the Director-General for Health Action in Crises World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
  Dr David Hutton
Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Population and Public Health Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Ms Christine Hancock
President, International Council of Nurse , Geneva, Switzerland
Dr Hiroko Minami
RN, DNSc, Vice President, University of Hyogo, Japan
Session 4.2
Vulnerability reduction of health facilities
Session Report
Date: 20 January 2005
Time: 15h00-17h00
Venue: Nunobiki room
Organizer: - National Society for Earthquake Technology - Nepal (NSET)
- Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO)

The session aims at complementing the discussions in the intergovernmental segment, mainly through the Thematic Cluster 4: Reducing the Underlying Risk Factor.

Specifically, the objective of the session is to:

  • Exchange experiences and good practices in understanding and reducing vulnerabilities in health facilities, especially in developing countries
  • To propose specific actions and indicators for disaster risk reduction in Health Facilities during 2005-2015
  • Help strengthen networking and partnerships in health sector for supporting implementation of disaster risk reduction initiatives at regional and local levels

Brief Overview of Subjects being Addressed

Disasters have damaged health facilities. Thus the services are found disrupted right at the time when they are the most needed. Such a situation of disrupted health services was seen during the Northridge Earthquake, which caused reduction in the hospital service delivery by half in the affected areas. Another example was during the Gujarat Earthquake of 2001 in which most of the hospitals in Bhuj district collapsed with total disruption of their services.

Isolated initiatives have been successfully implemented in some developing countries in assessing and reducing disaster risks to hospital systems including their structure and services. These efforts have yielded rich experiences that could be successfully employed in other developing countries with some adaptation. Replication of such good cases needs to be replicated. An organized approach is felt necessary for encouraging the process of replication. The Session aims to analyze the issues and challenges, and to identify the suitable strategies for encouraging disaster risk reduction in health facilities across the developing countries.

The Session 4.2 will have two parts, namely, a) Presentation of Experiences, and b) Plenary discussion. The Presentation section will be a forum for sharing of experiences and approaches on Vulnerability Reduction on health Facilities. The Plenary discussion will try to look into the future of the efforts and develop a consensus of approaches and recommendations to the WCDR through the chairperson of the Thematic Cluster.



Introduction of the Session and setting up the tasks

Amod Mani Dixit (NSET) and Jean Luc Poncelet (PAHO/WHO)

A. Presentations on Vulnerability Reduction of Health Facilities. Moderator: Minister of Health of Costa Rica



Presentation of Issues



Hospital Loss: Not Only a Health Problem

Representative of WHO


Vulnerability Reduction and Emergency Preparedness in Health System of Nepal:

Surya Narayan Shrestha, NSET/Nepal



Capacity Development and Institutionalization of Risk Reduction in the Health Sector.

Representative of Colombia



Experiences in Vulnerability Reduction in the Health Sector.

Representative, Ministry of health of Turkey



Technical Aspects of Understanding and Reducing Vulnerabilities in Health Facilities and systems in Developing countries:

WHO Collaborating Center



Financial Aspects of Vulnerability Reduction in Health Facilities of Developing Countries

Ricardo Zapata, ECLAC/UN

B. Plenary Discussion



Discussion: Main Problems of Disaster Risk Management in Health Sector: Draft Plan of Action and Approaches

All panelists and participants



General Consensus on the Plan of Action





Session 4.3
Financing disaster risk
Session Report
Date: 20 January 2005
Time: 10h00-12h00
Venue: Nunobiki room
Organizer: - Kyoto University (KU), Department of Urban Management: Prof. Charles Scawthorn
- International Institute for Advanced Systems Analysis (IIASA): Dr. Joanne L. Bayer
- World Bank (WB): Mr. Christoph Pusch

This session addresses programs and instruments that combine both physical and financial protection against extreme events, and how to design these instruments so as to assure equitable and efficient sharing of the financial burdens of extreme events.

Disasters are generally seen in terms of their social and physical destruction, and rarely understood to be a result of underlying deficiencies in the economic and financing infrastructure of the affected region. This session will explore this issue through a panel discussion of experts drawn from developing economies, international agencies, academia and global insurers, with the objective to develop partnerships for the implementation of new mechanisms for enhancing the joint financial and physical mitigation of disasters. These new mechanisms link financial instruments (disaster insurance and/or other financial protections such as contingency credit) with funding for tangible risk reduction (eg, physical construction, early warning systems and other means of reducing the physical and social vulnerability). The result is a single combined mechanism that has two tranches: financial protection and physical protection, which vary during the life of the instrument, as one form of protection replaces the other. This is a new concept, and has high potential in developing economies for reducing the impacts of natural disasters.


Agenda and Speakers: The session will take the form of a Panel, with presentations by Panelists followed by discussion from the floor, both addressing the following issues: What forms might such new financial instruments take?; What are the benefits of such new financial instruments, in both the financial and physical mitigation sectors?; What are the obstacles to implementation of such new mechanisms?; How can these instruments be made affordable for developing economies? Panelists are:


Charles Scawthorn, Kyoto University, Japan


Christoph Pusch (WB), Ricardo Zapata (ECLAC), Eugene Gurenko (Munich Re), Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer (IIASA), P.K. Mishra (India).

Outcome and Partnering: The outcome of the Thematic Session is anticipated to be a new awareness of the need for integrated risk reduction programs, which optimally provide both physical and financial protection for disasters. This awareness should serve to foster partnering between those concerned with physical aspects of disaster risk, and those concerned with financial aspects.

Session Contact:

C. Scawthorn, Kyoto University

  Christoph Pusch
World Bank
Ricardo Zapata
Eugene Gurenko
Munich Re
P.K. Mishra
Margaret Arnold
World Bank
Charles Scawthorn
Laboratory for Earthquake Disaster Prevention Systems, Kyoto University, Japan
Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer

Session 4.4
Reducing and managing disaster risk through financial services
Session Report
Date: 20 January 2005
Time: 12h15-14h15
Venue: Nunobiki room
Organizer: - Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, Davos
- AIR Worldwide Corporation (AIR)

The SLF/AIR session will bring together all the relevant stakeholders - the public sector and civil society, the international community, and the private sector. SLF and AIR's session will explore possible roles for the private sector in disaster finance and risk reduction. The session is coordinated with the IIASA/World Bank/Kyoto University parallel session, which will address disaster finance from the public sector perspective.

  • Discuss the experience of using tools provided by the private sector, such as insurance and other financial services, to reduce disaster risk in these countries.
  • Discuss the challenges and opportunities for disaster risk transfer and risk reduction schemes that involve the private sector.
  • With relevant stakeholders represented in the panel and audience, outline the concrete steps that need to be taken (and by whom) to improve disaster finance in developing countries. The messages will underscore the need for effective partnerships and suggest action that can facilitate such cooperation. Special attention will be paid to how the private sector could feasibly become involved in helping manage and transfer disaster risk in developing countries.
Overview of subjects addressed:

The purpose of SLF and AIR’s parallel session is to discuss the experience of using tools provided by the private sector, such as insurance and other financial services, and to outline concrete steps to use insurance and financial services for disaster risk reduction in developing countries.

The main focus of the panel discussion (following the speakers) is to summarize the gaps, challenges, and concrete next steps to improve disaster finance and risk reduction in developing countries. Each panelist will address a specific issue (prepared and briefed in advance), remarks which will last 2 to 3 minutes. Following the panelists comments, the discussion will be opened to audience questions. It is hoped that the discussion will culminate in a roadmap of concrete steps that must be taken (and by whom) to engage the private sector in disaster finance schemes.

Who should attend this parallel session (stakeholders and audience):

  • Public sector: disaster management authorities from the national and local levels, representatives from finance ministries, representatives of community groups involved in disaster management at the local level
  • International community: International finance institutions (IFIs), United Nations, NGOs, research institutions
  • Private sector: Insurance and reinsurance, financial intermediaries such as reinsurance brokers and investment banks, risk modelling companies, and other companies with risk transfer expertise
Munich Reinsurance Company Realistic evaluation of private sector participation, what formal insurance sector needs to engage participation
AIR Tools and elements needed to apply insurance and risk transfer in dev. Countries
Inter-American Development Bank Examples of activities to encourage private sector participation in disaster management and finance
World Institute for Disaster Risk Management Disaster Finance in Latin America: examples of finance perception
  SLF Findings about risk finance practice and current use of risk finance tools in Latin America

Session Contact: Koko Warner, SLF
Session 4.5
Environmental management and disaster reduction: building a multi-stakeholder partnership
Session Report
Date: 19 January 2005
Time: 12h00-14h00
Venue: Kitano room
Organizer: - United Nations Environment Programme
Objectives - To highlight the environmental aspects of disaster preparedness and risk mitigation
- To examine the nature of multi-stakeholder partnerships that links different local entities for environmental risk management, particularly communities
- To emphasize the role played by the private sector in disaster risk management

The session will highlight the role that comprehensive environmental management can play in reducing the risk of disasters, and to mitigate the consequences if they should nevertheless occur - both on human lives and on the broader ecology. It will explore the link between environmental systems and disasters, and also the synergies between man-made and natural disasters.

The session will specifically examine the need for a multi-stakeholder partnership that links local governments, private sector entities, and civil society organizations in order to facilitate more effective disaster prevention and mitigation. It will compare successful partnership models between corporations, communities and the government, examining the way entities prepare for disasters themselves, as well as the need to be part of a larger partnership that strengthens local communities' ability to prevent, mitigate and recover from disasters.


Welcome Remarks 10 mts
Keynote Presentations 30 mts
Panel Discussion (6 panelists) 60 mts
Brainstorming 20 mts

(representative of)
Yuriko Koike
Minister of Environment, Government of Japan
Klaus Toepfer
Executive Director, UNEP
Ana Maria Bejar
Save the Children-UK, Cuba
John Boyd
FIDIC (EMS for Risk Reduction)
  Sandeep Virmani
Abhiyaan, India
Swiss Re, Switzerland
Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer
Gerhard Putman-Cramer
Zen Delica
Asian Disaster Preparedness Center
Session 4.6
Policies for safer building / housing
Session Report
Date: 19 January 2005
Time: 16h30-18h30
Venue: Nunobiki room
Organizer: - Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transportation (MLIT), Government of Japan
- United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD)
- Building Research Institute (BRI), Japan will associate in organizing the session.
  • identify the key problems in policies and implementation mechanism towards safer building/housing dealing with new construction as well as retrofitting of large stock of existing vulnerable houses
  • formulate policy to achieve the desired safety in and develop set of actions for reducing the risk of disasters owing to current unsafe construction practice in building houses to undertake in next ten years.
  • recommend appropriate strategy for developing and implementing region/country specific building codes that ensure safety against disasters.

Brief overview of the theme

For protecting people's lives against disasters, particularly in earthquakes, the most effective measure would be to build safer houses. Earthquakes in last decades including 1995 Great Hansin-Awaji Earthquake underlined the importance of the safer housing. While building codes should certainly ensure the safety of new construction, there is need for addressing the problem of large stock of existing vulnerable houses. The rules, regulation and codes should properly address the region/country specific practices, opportunities, limitations and problems. Moreover, promoting safer building construction may not be achieved only through efforts on controlling by codes and regulation but also a bottom-up approach where convincing the house-owners on safety issues, providing easy technology to the local craftsmen should be accompanied with. In this context, integrating safety in housing construction requires a comprehensive strategy that includes implementation of building codes, public awareness programs, informal trainings and education programs at the community levels. This is particularly relevant to the case of non-engineered construction which shares major portion of the housing construction in the world.

These issues will be discussed in World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR) during thematic session on "Policies for Safer Building/Housing" under the cluster 4 "Reducing the underlying risk factor".

The issues of discussion in the session will be

  • Current practice of housing construction and building codes in different regions/countries and their specific characteristics
  • Underlying risks of the practice and their causes
  • Analysis of proper approaches to address the problem including technological advancement, development of appropriate building codes, ensuring the implementation of rules, regulation and codes, community awareness, technology transfer etc
  • Formulation of proper strategy and plan of action
  • Lesson learned and account of best practices
  • Welcome speech : Mr. Shigetaro Yamamoto ,Director-General, Housing Bureau, MLIT
  • Keynote Speech : Hon. Prof. Tsuneo Okada ,University of Tokyo
  • Presentations by panellists: Ms. Salina Ait-Mesbah, Director, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Algeria; Mr. M.A. Karimi, Governor General, Kerman Province, Iran; Dr. Javier R. Pique, President of Peruvian Permanent Committee for Seismic Design, Peru; Prof. Anand S Arya, Prof. Emirates, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkey, Seismic Advisor, Government of India, India; Ms. Ileana Tureanu, Vice Minister, Minister of Transportation, Construction and Tourism, Romania; Mr. Richard M. Okawa, Vice president of International Service, International Code Council, USA
  • Panel Discussion
  • Closing

    Notes: Prior to this session, a site tour and another co-session will be arranged through which the above participants will have a chance to visit seismic assessment and retrofitting projects in Kobe and to exchange views with representatives of the Japanese building industries and local governments.
  Ms. Salina Ait-Mesbah
Director, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Algeria
Mr. M.A. Karimi
Governor General, Kerman Province, Iran
Dr. Javier R. Pique
President of Peruvian Permanent Committee for Seismic Design, Peru
Prof. Anand S Arya
Prof. Emirates, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkey, Seismic Advisor, Government of India, India
Ms. Ileana Tureanu
Vice Minister, Minister of Transportation, Construction and Tourism, Romania
Shigetaro Yamamoto Yamamoto
Director-General of Housing Bureau Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
Prof. Tsuneo Okada
Prof. Emeritus, Tokyo University, Director General of the Japan Building Disaster Prevention Association
Mr. Richard M. Okawa
Vice president of International Service, International Code Council, USA
Session 4.7
Community based disaster management
Session Report
Date: 21 January 2005
Time: 10h00-12h00
Venue: Kitano room
Organizer: - United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD)

In association with :
- Sustainable Environment and Ecological Development Society (SEEDS)
- Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre (ADPC)

The overall objective of the session is to identify the important mechanism of sustainability in CBDM (Community Based Disaster Management) in reducing risk factors in disaster management and some concrete actions that can be taken to achieve such mechanism through partnership. It will mark some of the major achievements in CBDM that have lead to their sustainability through partnership and institutionalisation, which can be used to build concrete recommendations from the perspective of UN partnership with its major constituents. The session aims to provide inputs to plan of action for the next 10 years on the aspects of safer communities, emphasizing partnership building in community based disaster management to deal with social aspects of mitigation and reducing the risk posed by unsafe housing through effective implementation of technology.

Overview of the subjects being addressed:

  • Sustainability in CBDM –the measures that can be taken by community and government at all levels.
  • Institutionalisation of CBDM—the policy measures of framing CBDM at the government level.
  • Promoting safer practices in housing construction with focus on appropriate simple technology that communities can implement.
Capacity building of community through training and awareness raising as well as through incorporation of disaster risk management into development strategy of local governments
  • Key Note Speech: "Future of CBDM and UN"
  • CBDM - Country Specific
  • CBDM - NGO/Civil Society Experience
  • CBDM - Regional Experience
  • Safer Cities through CBDM
  • Promoting Safer Construction in Communities
  • Capacity Building of Communities
  • Panel Discussion
  Rapporteur: Eiko Narita, Bishnu Pandey

Ian Davis
Cranfield Univ

Kenji Okazaki
  Manu Gupta
Zen Delica
Zubair Murshed
  Tsuneo Katayama

Carlos Villacis
Session 4.8
Vulnerability of modern societies towards natural disasters – the impact on critical infrastructures
Session Report
Date: 21 January 2005
Time: 14h30-16h30
Venue: Kitano
Organizer: - Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (MCEER)
- German Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Response (BBK)

The value of focusing efforts to enhance the resilience of infrastructure against extreme events (natural disasters, technological disasters, and acts of terrorism against our society) has been long recognized, and has certainly risen in recent years following an increase in the threat from terrorism. To address this emerging need, a substantial research effort will be needed. The development of innovative and integrated solutions toward this goal will benefit from the input from experts from a large number of various disciplines. In that perspective, some research results from the fields of civil protection and earthquake engineering could be modified to contribute to this objective. Civil protection investigations and earthquake engineering research have provided theoretical and practical solutions to address the needs for: (i) Risk and vulnerability assessment, including the development of risk and vulnerability assessment methodologies, to prioritize the allocation of limited resources; (ii) System analysis and design, to investigate the ultimate behavior of systems and foster capacity-design principles for fail-safe outcomes; (iii) Improved materials, to enhance the ability of infrastructure components and systems to withstand hazards; (iv) Sensing technologies, for structural health monitoring, with possible applications for detection, surveillance and prevention; (v) Post-event assessment, including the use of remote sensing (airborne or satellite-based) to rapidly locate areas impacted by a disaster, the type of damage suffered, and rapid assessment of losses; (vi) Post-event on-site screening methodologies, to assess safety of structures after an event using simple tools based on expert knowledge; (vii) Advanced technologies for repair and restoration following an event, or retrofitting prior to an event; (viii) Evaluation test-beds, to test and validate new technologies proposed to achieve the above objectives.

The objective of this thematic session is to show vulnerabilities, and to review some of these solutions and the opportunities afforded by existing advancements and developments made in the fields of civil protection and earthquake engineering in each of the above categories, and to provide an overview of modifications possible to some of these tools to help address the broader extreme event and multi-hazard problems. Focus is placed on selected critical infrastructure systems and interdependencies among them.



Topic of Presentation

Angela Queste

Head of Division, Centre for Critical Infrastructure Protection, Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Response, Germany

Vulnerability of modern societies towards natural disasters - the impact on critical infrastructures

Dr. Masanobu Shinozuka

Distinguished Professor, and Chair, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Irvine, USA

Enhancing the resilience of power grids against extreme events

Dr. Michel Bruneau

Director, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, and Professor, Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering

Enhancing the resilience of acute care communities against extreme events

Dr. Kathleen Tierney

Director of Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, and Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Colorado at Boulder, USA

Response and recovery in the perspective of enhancing the resilience of communities against extreme events

Dr. Ian Buckle Director, Center for Civil Engineering Earthquake Research, and Professor of Civil Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno. Enhancing the resilience of highway networks against extreme events
Session 4.9
Post-disaster recovery: lessons learnt, challenges and future options
Session Report
Date: 19 January 2005
Time: 14h15-16h15
Venue: Nunobiki room
Languages: English, Japanese and Spanish
Organizer: - Government of Japan ( including Hyogo Prefecture)
Chair:   Prof. Ian Davis, Disaster Management Center, Cranfield University
Rapporteur: Mr. Emmanuel M. de Guzman


  14:15-14:20 Introduction by the Chair
Prof. Ian Davis, Disaster Management Center, Cranfield University
  14:20-15:20 Presentation of Case Studies
  14:20-14:30 “Reconstruction after Kobe earthquake (Tentative)”
Mr. Tomio Saito, Vice Governor, Hyogo Prefectural Government, Japan
14:30-14:40 “Sri Lanka’s experience in Tsunami (Tentative)”
National authorities from Sri Lanka
14:40-14:50 “Comparative analysis of 5 cases (Tentative)”
Ms Margaret Arnold, Head of the Hazard Management Unit, World Bank
14:50-15:00 “Comparative Study on Recovery & Reconstruction: Challenges and Way Forward”
Mr. Anil Kkumar Sinha, Senior Technical Adviser, Asian Disaster Reduction Center
15:00-15:10 “El Salvador earthquake (Tentative)”
Mr. Alfredo Lazarte, ILO
15:10-15:20 “Indonesian Tsunami – Key Challenges in Recovery Planning”
Mr. Praveen Pardeshi, Head of the Transition Recovery Cluster of the Bureau for Crises Prevention and Recovery, UNDP
Each of the case studies will be asked to answer the following questions:
A) Framework and division of roles in the post disaster recovery plan and its implementation – were they efficient and effective?
B) Whether disaster risk reduction was included in the recovery plan and its implementation
C) Gaps / shortcomings of international and regional organizations (UN, IFIs, INGOs) in their support to recovery.
  15:20-15:25 Presentation by the Chair
“ Synthesis of key challenges identified in the case studies”
Prof. Ian Davis, Disaster Management Center, Cranfield University
  15:25-15:45 Future options to support post disaster recovery with risk reduction
15:25-15:35 Presentation by the Government of Japan
Mr. Satoru Nishikawa, Director for Disaster Preparedness, the Cabinet Office, the Government of Japan
  15:35-15:45 Presentation by UNDP, ISDR and OCHA
Mr. Andrew Maskrey, the Chief of the Disaster Reduction Unit of the Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, UNDP
  15:45-16:05 Feedback from the floor
  16:05-16:15 Concluding Remarks
Prof. Ian Davis, Disaster Management Center, Cranfield University
Session 4.10
Disaster Prevention Functions in rural areas and Disaster resistant sustainable livelihoods
Session Report
Date: 21 January 2005
Time: 16h45-18h45
Venue: Kitano room
Organizer: Main organizers
- Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan (MAFF)
- Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG)

Other organizers
- National Institute for Rural Engineering (NIRE)
- Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering (JSIDRE)
- International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering (PAWEES)
- ASEAN Secretariat

The objectives of the Session are to evaluate the multi-functionality in rural areas, including the disaster prevention functions and to increase awareness and recognition of roles of those functions among developing countries through the discussion on experiences and technologies related to multi-functionality, and also to deliberate upon a specific framework developed for the region, titled Disaster Resistant Sustainable Livelihoods (DRSL) to achieve sustainable disaster risk and poverty reduction within the particular decentralized governance structures in the South Asia region.

The outcome of the session will be

  • Increased awareness, recognition of multi-functionality in rural areas, especially disaster prevention functions
  • The promotion of technical cooperation towards regional development planning of rural communities resistant to natural disasters
  • The promotion of the discussion on roles of disaster prevention functions among developing countries
  • Reaching the key target groups (Government Officials, donors and NGOs) with the concept and modalities of application of the Disaster Resistant Sustainable Livelihoods framework for disaster risk and poverty reduction
  • Greeting of Senior Vice-Minister of MAFF
  • Introduction of the session and greetings: Dr. Takeshi Hata (Professor, Kobe University) and Mr. Taizo Homma (Director-General, Niigata Prefecture)
  • Presentation of Papers
  • Workshop (Facilitator (Representative of ITDG South Asia)
  • Chairperson Summery

Chair: Dr.Tadatsugu Tanaka (Chairman, JSIDRE, Professor, University of Tokyo), Representative of ITDG.

Keynote Speech: Dr. Yohei Sato (Chairman, PAWEES), Ms. Hon. Sumedha G. Jayasena (Minister of Social Services, Government of Sri Lanka )

Dr. Rogelio N. Concepcion, Director (Representative of Philippine government)
- Dr. Fahmuddin Agus (Representative of Indonesian government)
- Dr. Wu Bin (Professor, Beijing Forestry University)
- Ms. Madhavi Malalgoda Ariyabandu (Programme Team Leader, ITDG South Asia)
- Mr. Amjad Bhatti (Development Journalist, Rural Development Policy Institute, Pakistan)
- Mr. D.N. Hettiarachchi (Director, National Disaster Management Institute, Government of Sri Lanka)
- Dr. Santosh Kumar (National Institute for Disaster Management, Government of India)

Case Introduction:
- Dr. Takeshi Hata (Professor, Kobe University)
- Mr. Taizo Homma (Director-General, Niigata Prefecture)

Workshop: Facilitator (Representative of ITDG South Asia)

- Dr. Tatsuo Naka (Senior Researcher, NIRE)
- Dr. Takehiko Ohta (Professor, Tokyo University of Agriculture)
- Dr. Akira Nagano (Professor, Future University-Hakodate)
- Mr. N.M Prusty (Director Emergencies, Care India, member Duryog Nivaran network)

Dr. Takehiko Ohta
Professor, Tokyo University of Agriculture
Dr. Akira Nagano
Professor, Future University-Hakodate
Dr. Takeshi Hata
Professor, Kobe University
Dr. Yohei Sato
Chairman, PAWEES

Dr. Wu Bin
Professor, Beijing Forestry University
Ministry of Agriculture, Foresty and Fisheries of Japan and Intermediate Technology Development Group
Mr. Amjad Bhatti
Development Journalist, Rural Development Policy Institute, Pakistan
Mr. Taizo Homma
Director-General, Niigata Prefecture

Ms. Madhavi Malalgoda Ariyabandu
Programme Team Leader, ITDG South Asia
Dr. Fahmuddin Agus
Representative of Indonesian government
Dr. Conception
Director, Bureau of Soils and Water Management
Dr. Tatsuo Naka
Senior Researcher, NIRE


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